- Art Gallery -

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Classis: Arachnida
Ordo: Araneae
Subordo: Opisthothelae
Infraordo: Araneomorphae
Taxon: Neocribellatae
Series: Entelegynae
Sectio: Dionycha
Superfamilia: Salticoidea

Familia: Salticidae
Subfamilia: Salticinae
Clade: Simonida
Tribus: Aelurillini
Genus: Aelurillus
Species: A. aeruginosus – A. afghanus – A. alboclypeus – A. ambiguus – A. andreevae – A. angularis – A. ater – A. balearus – A. basseleti – A. blandus – A. bokerinus – A. bosmansi – A. brutus – A. catherinae – A. catus – A. cognatus – A. concolor – A. conveniens – A. cretensis – A. cristatopalpus – A. cypriotus – A. deltshevi – A. dorthesi – A. dubatolovi – A. faragallai – A. galinae – A. gershomi – A. guecki – A. helvenacius – A. hirtipes – A. improvisus – A. jerusalemicus – A. jocquei – A. khorasanicus – A. kochi – A. kopetdaghi – A. kronestedti – A. laniger – A. latebricola – A. leipoldae – A. logunovi – A. lopadusae – A. lucasi – A. luctuosus – A. lutosus – A. m-nigrum – A. madagascariensis – A. marusiki – A. minimontanus – A. mirabilis – A. monardi – A. muganicus – A. nabataeus – A. nenilini – A. numidicus – A. plumipes – A. politiventris – A. quadrimaculatus – A. reconditus – A. rugatus – A. sahariensis – A. schembrii – A. simoni – A. simplex – A. spinicrus – A. stanislawi – A. steinmetzi – A. steliosi – A. subaffinis – A. subfestivus – A. thailandicus – A. tumidulus – A. unitibialis – A. v-insignitus – A. westi
Nomina dubia

Aelurillus approximans (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1872a: 338, m, Israel, originally in Salticus, T to Aelurops by Simon, 1876a: 139, here by Reimoser, 1919: 111) -- Prószyński, 2003: 36. Aelurillus candidus (Simon, 1868b: 70, f, Spain, Syria, originally in Attus, with Attus albicans Simon, 1871: 153 an unnecessary replacement name, T to Aelurops by Simon, 1876a: 139, here by Reimoser, 1919: 111) -- Prószyński, 2003: 37. Aelurillus deruptus (Karsch, 1880c: 398, f, Philippines, originally in Ictidops) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1532, Prószyn'ski, 2009b: 161. Aelurillus gesticulator (Lucas, 1846: 150, pl. 6, f. 9, f, Algeria, originally in Salticus) -- Azarkina & Logunov, 2006: 247, (but see Denis, 1937b: 1056, pl. 5, f. 11). Aelurillus simoni (Lebert, 1877: 310, pl. 6, f. 45-47, mf, Switzerland, originally in Aelurops); Reimoser, 1919: 112 [1] -- Breitling et al., 2015: 66.
Name

Aelurillus Simon, 1884

Type species: Araneus litera v insignitus Clerck, 1757
Synonymy

Hemsenattus Roewer, 1955 (synonymized by Prószyński, 1966: 464)
Type species: Hemsenattusiranus Carl Friedrich Roewer, 1955, by monotypy
Melioranus Tyschchenko, 1965 (synonymized by Prószyński, 1979: 303)
Type species: Melioranus lutosus Victor Petrovich Tyshchenko, 1965, by monotypy

References
Primary references

Simon, E.L. 1884b. Etudes arachnologiques. 16e Mémoire. XXIII. Matériaux pour servir à la faune des arachnides de la Grèce. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France (6) 4: 305-356. Reference page.

Additional references

Azarkina, G.N., 2009: Two new species of the genus Aelurillus Simon, 1885 (Araneae, Salticidae) from Africa. Journal of Afrotropical Zoology 5:
Azarkina, G.N. 2019. A new species of Aelurillus Simon, 1884 (Aranei: Salticidae) from Thailand, with the first description of the male of A. afghanus Azarkina, 2006. Arthropoda Selecta 28(3): 408–416. DOI: 10.15298/arthsel.28.1.07 Open access. PDF. Reference page.
Azarkina, G.N. & Komnenov, M. 2015. Descriptions of two new species of Aelurillus Simon, 1884 (Araneae, Salticidae) from the Mediterranean, with the synonymization of A. steliosi Dobroruka, 2002. Zookeys 516: 109–122. DOI: 10.3897/zookeys.516.9439 Reference page.
Wesołowska, W. 2006: Jumping spiders from the Brandberg massif in Namibia (Araneae: Salticidae). African Entomology 14(2): 225–256 Reference page.
Wesołowska, W. & Russell-Smith, A. 2011: Jumping spiders (Araneae: Salticidae) from southern Nigeria. Annales Zoologici 61: 553–619. Reference page.

Links

Platnick, N. I. 2009. The World Spider Catalog, version 9.5. American Museum of Natural History. [2]

Aelurillus is a genus of spiders in the family Salticidae (jumping spiders).

Description

Aelurillus are typically about 7 mm long in females, and up to five mm in males. They are stout, squat-shaped and rather furry, with females often uniformly mottled sandy brown, while males are often black, sometimes with a pattern and with light, annulated legs.[2]
Habits

Spiders in this genus mainly catch and feed on ants (myrmecophagy).

A Southeast Asian Aelurillus species has been observed to jump around 30-40 times its body length straight onto the back of a large gnaphosid spider and kill it.[3]

They like hot, dry, stony places or small bare open areas with dead twigs or similar amongst low vegetation.[2]
Distribution

Aelurillus occurs in the Palaearctic and Africa, with a few species known from India (A. improvisus, A. minimontanus) and Sri Lanka (A. kronestedti, A. quadrimaculatus). Aelurillus subfestivus is found in Japan.
Species

Aelurillus aeruginosus (Simon, 1871) – Mediterranean
Aelurillus afghanus Azarkina, 2006 – Afghanistan
Aelurillus andreevae Nenilin, 1984 – Central Asia
Aelurillus angularis Prószynski, 2000 – Israel
Aelurillus ater (Kroneberg, 1875) – Central Asia
Aelurillus balearus Azarkina, 2006 – Canary Islands, Balearic Islands
Aelurillus basseleti (Lucas, 1846) – Algeria, Tunisia
Aelurillus blandus (Simon, 1871) – Greece, Crete
Aelurillus bokerinus Prószynski, 2003 – Israel
Aelurillus bosmansi Azarkina, 2006 – Spain
Aelurillus brutus Wesołowska, 1996 – Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan
Aelurillus catherinae Prószynski, 2000 – Egypt
Aelurillus catus Simon, 1886 – Senegal
Aelurillus cognatus (O. P.-Cambridge, 1872) – Lebanon
Aelurillus concolor Kulczynski, 1901 – Macedonia, Iran, Central Asia
Aelurillus conveniens (O. P.-Cambridge, 1872) – Egypt, Israel, Syria
Aelurillus cretensis Azarkina, 2002 – Crete
Aelurillus cristatopalpus Simon, 1902 – South Africa
Aelurillus cypriotus Azarkina, 2006 – Cyprus
Aelurillus dorthesi (Audouin, 1826) – Egypt
Aelurillus dubatolovi Azarkina, 2003 – Central Asia
Aelurillus faragallai Prószynski, 1993 – Saudi Arabia, Yemen
Aelurillus gershomi Prószynski, 2000 – Israel
Aelurillus guecki Metzner, 1999 – Greece
Aelurillus helvenacius Logunov, 1993 – Mongolia
Aelurillus hirtipes Denis, 1960 – North Africa
Aelurillus improvisus Azarkina, 2002 – India
Aelurillus jerusalemicus Prószynski, 2000 – Israel
Aelurillus kochi Roewer, 1951 – Greece, Israel, Syria
Aelurillus kopetdaghi Wesołowska, 1996 – Turkmenistan
Aelurillus kronestedti Azarkina, 2004 – Sri Lanka
Aelurillus laniger Logunov & Marusik, 2000 – Macedonia, Kazakhstan
Aelurillus latebricola Spassky, 1941 – Tajikistan
Aelurillus leipoldae (Metzner, 1999) – Crete
Aelurillus logunovi Azarkina, 2004 – Afghanistan, Pakistan
Aelurillus lopadusae Cantarella, 1983 – Italy, Algeria
Aelurillus lucasi Roewer, 1951 – Canary Islands, Salvages
Aelurillus luctuosus (Lucas, 1846) – Mediterranean to Turkmenistan
Aelurillus lutosus (Tyschchenko, 1965) – Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan
Aelurillus marusiki Azarkina, 2002 – Iran
Aelurillus minimontanus Azarkina, 2002 – India
Aelurillus mirabilis Wesołowska, 2006 – Namibia
Aelurillus m-nigrum Kulczynski, 1891 – Palearctic
Aelurillus monardi (Lucas, 1846) – Mediterranean
Aelurillus muganicus Dunin, 1984 – Azerbaijan
Aelurillus nabataeus Prószynski, 2003 – Israel
Aelurillus nenilini Azarkina, 2002 – Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan
Aelurillus numidicus (Lucas, 1846) – Algeria
Aelurillus plumipes (Thorell, 1875) – Algeria, Tunisia
Aelurillus politiventris (O. P.-Cambridge, 1872) – Greece to Israel
Aelurillus quadrimaculatus Simon, 1889 – India, Sri Lanka
Aelurillus reconditus Wesołowska & van Harten, 1994 – Yemen
Aelurillus rugatus (Bösenberg & Lenz, 1895) – Tanzania
Aelurillus sahariensis Berland & Millot, 1941 – Mali
Aelurillus schembrii Cantarella, 1982 – Sicily, Malta
Aelurillus simoni (Lebert, 1877) – Switzerland
Aelurillus simplex (Herman, 1879) – Hungary
Aelurillus spinicrus (Simon, 1871) – Morocco
Aelurillus stanislawi (Prószynski, 1999) – Israel, Syria, Ethiopia
Aelurillus steinmetzi Metzner, 1999 – Greece
Aelurillus steliosi Dobroruka, 2002 – Crete
Aelurillus subaffinis Caporiacco, 1947 – Ethiopia
Aelurillus subfestivus Saito, 1934 – Japan
Aelurillus tumidulus Wesołowska & Tomasiewicz, 2008 – Ethiopia
Aelurillus unitibialis Azarkina, 2002 – Iran
Aelurillus v-insignitus (Clerck, 1757) – Palearctic
Aelurillus v-insignitus morulus (Simon, 1937) – France
Aelurillus v-insignitus obsoletus Kulczynski, 1891 – Eastern Europe

References

"Gen. Aelurillus Simon, 1884", World Spider Catalog, Natural History Museum Bern, retrieved 2016-12-22
Murphy & Murphy 2000: 273

Murphy & Murphy 2000: 344

Murphy, Frances & Murphy, John (2000): An Introduction to the Spiders of South East Asia. Malaysian Nature Society, Kuala Lumpur.

Further reading

Li, D., Jackson, R.R. & Harland, D.P (1999). Prey-capture techniques and prey preferences of Aelurillus aeruginosus, A. cognatus and A. kochi, ant-eating jumping spiders (Araneae: Salticidae) from Israel. Isr. J. Zool 45: 341-.
Azarkina, G.N. (2004): Two new species of the genus Aelurillus Simon, 1884 from Pakistan and Sri Lanka (Araneae: Salticidae). Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 13(2): 49-52
Szűts, T. & Azarkina, G. (2002): Redescription of Aelurillus subaffinis Caporiacco, 1947 (Araneae: Salticidae). Annales Historico-Naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici 94: 209-216. PDF

Images

Biology Encyclopedia

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/"
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

Home - Hellenica World