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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Classis: Arachnida
Ordo: Araneae
Subordo: Opisthothelae
Infraordo: Araneomorphae
Taxon: Neocribellatae
Series: Entelegynae
Superfamilia: Agelenoidea
Familiae (2): Agelenidae - Amphinectidae
Vernacular names
中文: 草蛛总科

The Agelenoidea or agelenoids are a superfamily or informal group of entelegyne araneomorph spiders. Phylogenetic studies since 2000 have not consistently recovered such a group, with more recent studies rejecting it.
Phylogeny

In 1999, a phylogenetic study found a clade called "agelenoids" consisting of members of the families Agelenidae, Amphinectidae (now included in Desidae) and Desidae.[1] A 2005 study did not confirm this grouping, instead placing these three families plus Dictynidae in a clade called the "fused cribellar clade".[2] The Desidae have also been placed in the Dictynoidea.[3] In 2014, a cladogram produced in a study of dionychan spiders placed members of the families Amaurobiidae and Cycloctenidae in a clade with members of Agelenidae, Amphinectidae (now Desidae) and Desidae, as sister to the rest of the large RTA Clade. (Amaurobiidae, represented by the genera Pimus and Macrobunus, was not monophyletic in this study.) Shading marks families once considered agelenoids.[4]

RTA clade

Amaurobiidae (Pimus)

Stiphidiidae (Stiphidion)

Agelenidae (Neoramia)

Amaurobiidae (Macrobunus)

Cycloctenidae (Toxopsiella, Cycloctenus)

Desidae (Badumna, Calacadia, Metaltella)

"Oval Calamistrum Clade"

A 2017 study also did not support the Agelenoidea, but placed the two families previously included in this group in a more widely defined "marronoid clade", comprising Amaurobiidae, Agelenidae, Cybaeidae, Cycloctenidae, Desidae, Dictynidae, Hahniidae, Stiphidiidae and Toxopidae, with Agelenidae and Desidae quite far apart.[5]
References

Griswold, Charles E.; Coddington, Jonathan A.; Platnick, Norman I. & Forster, Raymond R. (1999), "Towards a Phylogeny of Entelegyne Spiders (Araneae, Araneomorphae, Entelegynae)", Journal of Arachnology, 27 (1): 53–63, JSTOR 3705965
Griswold, Charles E.; Ramirez, Martin J.; Coddington, Jonathan A. & Platnick, Norman I. (2005), "Atlas of phylogenetic data for entelegyne spiders (Araneae: Araneomorphae: Entelegynae) with comments on their phylogeny" (PDF), Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, 56 (Supplement II): 1–324, retrieved 2015-10-11
Dunlop, Jason A. & Penney, David (2011), "Order Araneae Clerck, 1757" (PDF), in Zhang, Z.-Q. (ed.), Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness, Zootaxa, Auckland, New Zealand: Magnolia Press, ISBN 978-1-86977-850-7, retrieved 2015-10-31
Ramírez, Martín J. (2014), The morphology and phylogeny of dionychan spiders (Araneae, Araneomorphae), Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, p. 281
Wheeler, Ward C.; Coddington, Jonathan A.; Crowley, Louise M.; Dimitrov, Dimitar; Goloboff, Pablo A.; Griswold, Charles E.; Hormiga, Gustavo; Prendini, Lorenzo; Ramírez, Martín J.; Sierwald, Petra; Almeida-Silva, Lina; Alvarez-Padilla, Fernando; Arnedo, Miquel A.; Benavides Silva, Ligia R.; Benjamin, Suresh P.; Bond, Jason E.; Grismado, Cristian J.; Hasan, Emile; Hedin, Marshal; Izquierdo, Matías A.; Labarque, Facundo M.; Ledford, Joel; Lopardo, Lara; Maddison, Wayne P.; Miller, Jeremy A.; Piacentini, Luis N.; Platnick, Norman I.; Polotow, Daniele; Silva-Dávila, Diana; Scharff, Nikolaj; Szűts, Tamás; Ubick, Darrell; Vink, Cor J.; Wood, Hannah M. & Zhang, Junxia (2017) [published online 2016], "The spider tree of life: phylogeny of Araneae based on target-gene analyses from an extensive taxon sampling", Cladistics, 33 (6): 574–616, doi:10.1111/cla.12182

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