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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Ordo: Orthoptera
Subordo: Caelifera
Infraordo: Acrididea
Superfamilia: Acridoidea

Familia: Acrididae

Subfamiliae (26): Acridinae - Calliptaminae - Catantopinae - Copiocerinae - Coptacrinae - Cyrtacanthacridinae - Egnatiinae - Eremogryllinae - Euryphyminae - Eyprepocnemidinae - Gomphocerinae - Habrocneminae - Hemiacridinae – Incolacridinae – Leptysminae - Marelliinae - Melanoplinae - Oedipodinae - Ommatolampinae - Oxyinae - Pauliniinae – Pezotettiginae – Proctolabinae - Rhytidochrotinae - Spathosterninae - Teratodinae - Tropidopolinae

Overview of genera

Euloryma – Peripodisma – Pseudoeocyllina – Stauroderus
...
Name

Acrididae MacLeay, 1821
Synonyms

Acridiidae MacLeay, 1821

References

|MacLeay W.S., 1821. Horae Entomologicae or Essays on the Annulose Animals.
Fontana, P., Buzzetti, F.M. & Mariño-Pérez, R. 2011. New Acrididae from Oaxaca State in Mexico (Orthoptera: Caelifera: Acrididae: Ommatolampinae, Melanoplinae). Zootaxa 2862: 39–55. Preview (PDF).
Huang, C.M. 1984. Two new genera and new species of Acrididae from Hengduan Shan. Acta entomologica sinica 27(2): 205–210. Reference page.

Links

Acrididae MacLeay, 1819 – Taxon details on Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS).
Acrididae – Taxon details on National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI).
Acrididae Taxon details on Fauna Europaea
Acrididae - Orthoptera Species File

Vernacular names
English: grasshoppers, short-horned grasshoppers
français: Acridiens
日本語: バッタ科
polski: szarańczowate
svenska: Markgräshoppor
中文: 蝗科


The Acrididae[1] are the predominant family of grasshoppers, comprising some 10,000 of the 11,000 species of the entire suborder Caelifera. The Acrididae are best known because all locusts (swarming grasshoppers) are of the Acrididae. The subfamily Oedipodinae is sometimes classified as a distinct family Oedipodidae in the superfamily Acridoidea. Acrididae grasshoppers are characterized by relatively short and stout antennae, and tympana on the side of the first abdominal segment.

Subfamilies and selected genera

The Orthoptera Species File lists the following (genera complete in subfamilies marked §):
Acridinae
Acrida cinerea (Acridinae)

Auth.: MacLeay, 1819 – worldwide: temperate and tropical

Acrida Linnaeus, 1758
Calephorus Fieber, 1853
Cannula Bolívar, 1906

Caryandinae
Caryanda spuria (Caryandinae)

Auth. Yin & Liu, 1987 - Africa, Asia §

Caryanda Stål, 1878
Cercina Stål, 1878
Lemba (grasshopper) Huang, 1983

Other subfamilies C
Calliptamus italicus (Calliptaminae)
Eucoptacra anguliflava female (Coptacrinae)
Egyptian grasshopper Anacridium aegyptium (Cyrtacanthacridinae)

Subfamily Calliptaminae Jacobson, 1905 - Africa, Europe, Asia
Acorypha Krauss, 1877
Calliptamus Serville, 1831 - includes Calliptamus italicus
Subfamily Catantopinae Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1893 – Africa, Asia ("spur-throated grasshoppers")
Catantops Schaum, 1853
Traulia Stål, 1873
Subfamily Copiocerinae Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1893 - central & southern America
tribe Aleuasini Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1893
tribe Clematodini Rehn & Eades, 1961
Clematodes Scudder, 1900
tribe Copiocerini Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1893
Chlorohippus Bruner, 1911
Monachidium Serville, 1831
Subfamily Coptacrinae Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1893 Africa, Madagascar, tropical Asia
Cyphocerastis Karsch, 1891
Eucoptacra Bolívar, 1902
Subfamily Cyrtacanthacridinae Kirby, 1910 – worldwide ("bird grasshoppers")
Acanthacris
Anacridium
Austracris
Nomadacris
Schistocerca
Valanga

Subfamilies E
Eyprepocnemis plorans plorans

Subfamily Egnatiinae Bey-Bienko & Mistshenko, 1951 - Africa to central Asia
Egnatius (genus) Stål, 1876
Leptoscirtus Saussure, 1888
Subfamily Eremogryllinae Dirsh, 1956 - north Africa §
Eremogryllus Krauss, 1902
Notopleura Krauss, 1902
Subfamily Euryphyminae Dirsh, 1956 - Africa including Madagascar
Acrophymus Uvarov, 1922
Euryphymus Stål, 1873
Phymeurus Giglio-Tos, 1907
Subfamily Eyprepocnemidinae Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1893 - Africa, mainland Europe, Asia
Cataloipus Bolívar, 1890
Eyprepocnemis Fieber, 1853

Gomphocerinae

Auth.: Fieber, 1853 - worldwide
Meadow grasshopper Chorthippus parallelus (Gomphocerinae)

Achurum (sometimes placed in Acridinae)
Chorthippus
Cibolacris (sometimes placed in Oedipodinae)
Dociostaurus
Mermiria (sometimes placed in Acridinae)
Omocestus

Habrocneminae

Auth.: Yin, 1982 - Indo-China §

Habrocnemis Uvarov, 1930
Longzhouacris You & Bi, 1983
Menglacris Jiang & Zheng, 1994 (syn. Tectiacris Wei & Zheng, 2005)

Hemiacridinae
Hieroglyphus daganensis

Auth.: Dirsh, 1956 - Africa, Asia

Acanthoxia Bolívar, 1906
Hemiacris Walker, 1870
Hieroglyphodes Uvarov, 1922
Hieroglyphus Krauss, 1877

Incolacridinae

Auth.: Tinkham, 1940; synonyms: Incolacridini, Incolacri Tinkham, 1940 - E. Asia

Asymmetritania Storozhenko, 2021
Bettotania Willemse, 1933
Incolacris Willemse, 1932
Stolzia Willemse, 1930

Leptysminae

Auth.: Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1893 – central and south America

Leptysma Stål, 1873
Leptysmina Giglio-Tos, 1894
Stenacris Walker, 1870

Subfamilies M
Melanoplus femurrubrum (Melanoplinae)

Subfamily Marelliinae Eades, 2000 - South America §
Marellia Uvarov, 1929
Subfamily Melanoplinae Scudder, 1897 – Americas, Eurasia
Fruhstorferiola Willemse, 1921
Melanoplus Stål, 1873
Miramella Dovnar-Zapolskij, 1932
Tonkinacris Carl, 1916

Subfamilies O
Oedipoda caerulescens (Oedipodinae)
Adult female (left) and male Oxya yezoensis (Oxyinae: Oxyini)

Subfamily Oedipodinae Walker, 1871 – Worldwide
Acrotylus Fieber, 1853
Locusta L., 1758 - the Migratory locust (monotypic)
Oedipoda Latreille, 1829
Stethophyma Fischer, 1853
Subfamily Ommatolampidinae Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1893 - south America
Abracris Walker, 1870
Subfamily Oxyinae Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1893
Oxya
Oxycrobylus
Praxibulus
Pseudoxya

Pauliniinae

Auth.: Hebard, 1923 - South America §

Paulinia Blanchard, 1843

Pezotettiginae

Auth.: Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1893 §
Pezotettix giornae (Pezotettiginae)

Pezotettix Burmeister, 1840 - Europe and W Asia
Sphenophyma Uvarov, 1934 - Middle East

Proctolabinae

Auth.: Amédégnato, 1974 - central & south America

tribe Coscineutini Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1893 (monotypic)
Coscineuta Stål, 1873
tribe Proctolabini Amédégnato, 1974
Proctolabus Saussure, 1859

Rhytidochrotinae

Auth.: Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1893 - Panama to Brazil
Rhytidochrota risaraldae

Rhytidochrota Stål, 1873

Spathosterninae

Auth.: Rehn, 1957 §

Laxabilla L. smaragdina Sjöstedt, 1934 - Australia
Paraspathosternum Ramme, 1929 - Africa
Spathosternum Krauss, 1877 - Africa & Asia

Teratodinae

Auth.: Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1893 - Africa & SW Asia §

Acrostegastes Karsch, 1896
Esfandiaria Popov, 1951
Eurynotacris Ramme, 1931
Kabulia Ramme, 1928
Lyrotyloides Bei-Bienko, 1956
Lyrotylus Uvarov, 1923
Robecchia Schulthess Schindler, 1898
Teratodes Brullé, 1835

Tropidopolinae

Auth.: Jacobson, 1905 - Africa, S Europe, Asia
Tropidopola cylindrica (Tropidopolinae)

Afroxyrrhepes Uvarov, 1943
Tristria Stål, 1873

Tribe and Genera not placed

tribe Eucopiocerini Descamps, 1975 - central America §
Chapulacris Descamps, 1975
Eucopiocera - monotypic E. rubripes Bruner, 1908
Halffterina Descamps, 1975
Leptalacris Descamps & Rowell, 1978 - monotypic L. fastigiata Descamps & Rowell, 1978
genera not placed (September 2021):
Atopacris: A. manabiensis Amédégnato & Poulain, 1998
Castetsia: C. dispar Bolívar, 1902
†Heeracris Zeuner, 1937: †H. oeningensis (Scudder, 1895)
Jumandiacris: J. perlata Amédégnato & Poulain, 1998
Melliacris: M. sinensis Ramme, 1941
†Menatacridium: †M. eocenicum Piton, 1936
Palandella: P. cardinalis Amédégnato & Poulain, 1998
Pileolum: P. kirbyi Bolívar, 1917
†Taeniopodites: †T. pardalis Cockerell, 1909
Tylotropidiopsis: T. abrepta Storozhenko, 1992
†Tyrbula Scudder, 1885: 2 †spp.

See Also

List of Acrididae genera
References

MacLeay WS (1821) Horae Entomologicae or Essays on the Annulose Animals 2

Insects Images

Biology Encyclopedia

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