Hellenica World

Acrididae

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Cladus: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Cladus: Neoptera
Supercohort: Polyneoptera
Cohort: Anartioptera
Magnordo: Polyorthoptera
Superordo: Orthopterida
Grandordo: Panorthoptera
Mirordo: incertae sedis
Ordo: Orthoptera
Subordo: Caelifera
Infraordo: Acrididea
Superfamilia: Acridoidea
Familia: Acrididae
Subfamiliae: Acridinae - Calliptaminae - Catantopinae - Copiocerinae - Coptacrinae - Cyrtacanthacridinae - Egnatiinae - Eremogryllinae - Euryphyminae - Eyprepocnemidinae - Gomphocerinae - Habrocneminae - Hemiacridinae - Leptysminae - Marelliinae - Melanoplinae - Oedipodinae - Ommatolampinae - Oxyinae - Pauliniinae - Proctolabinae - Rhytidochrotinae - Spathosterninae - Teratodinae - Tropidopolinae

Name

Acrididae MacLeay, 1819

Synonyms

* Acridiidae MacLeay, 1821

References

* Acrididae MacLeay, 1819 Report on ITIS
* NCBI link: Acrididae
* Fauna Europaea : Acrididae
* Orthoptera Species File Online

Vernacular names
Internationalization
English: grasshoppers, short-horned grasshoppers
日本語: バッタ科
Svenska: Markgräshoppor
中文: 蝗科

The Acrididae are the predominant family of grasshoppers, comprising some 10,000 of the 11,000 species of the entire suborder Caelifera. The Acrididae are best known because all locusts (swarming grasshoppers) are of the Acrididae. The subfamily Oedipodinae is sometimes classified as a distinct family Oedipodidae in the superfamily Acridoidea. Acrididae grasshoppers are characterized by antennae relatively short and stout, and tympana on the side of the first abdominal segment.

The name "Acrididae" is derived from Latin acer, meaning sharp, bitter, or caustic. [1]

Subfamilies and selected genera


* Subfamily Acridinae – silent slant-faced grasshoppers
* Subfamily Calliptaminae
* Subfamily Catantopinae
* Subfamily Copiocerinae
o Chlorohippus
o Monachidium
* Subfamily Coptacrinae
o Epistaurus
o Eucoptacra
* Subfamily Cyrtacanthacridinae
o Acanthacris
o Austracris
o Nomadacris
o Schistocerca
o Valanga
* Subfamily Egnatiinae
o Egnatius
o Leptoscirtus
* Subfamily Eremogryllinae
o Eremogryllus
o Notopleura
* Subfamily Euryphyminae
o Acrophymus
o Phymeurus
* Subfamily Eyprepocnemidinae
o Eyprepocnemis
o Heteracris
* Subfamily Gomphocerinae
o Achurum (sometimes placed in Acridinae)
o Chorthippus
o Cibolacris (sometimes placed in Oedipodinae)
o Dociostaurus
o Mermiria (sometimes placed in Acridinae)
o Omocestus
o Paragonista
* Subfamily Habrocneminae
o Habrocnemis
* Subfamily Hemiacridinae
o Acanthoxia
o Hemiacris
o Hieroglyphodes
* Subfamily Leptysminae
* Subfamily Marelliinae
* Subfamily Melanoplinae
* Subfamily Oedipodinae – band-winged grasshoppers
* Subfamily Ommatolampinae
* Subfamily Oxyinae
o Oxya
o Oxycrobylus
o Praxibulus
* Subfamily Pauliniinae
* Subfamily Proctolabinae
* Subfamily Rhytidochrotinae
* Subfamily Spathosterninae
* Subfamily Teratodinae
* Subfamily Tropidopolinae
o Afroxyrrhepes
o Tristria


References


* David C. Eades; Daniel Otte. Taxa display: family Acrididae in Ortoptera Species File Online. Version 2.0/3.5.

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