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Altica

Altica sp.

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Coleopterida
Ordo: Coleoptera
Subordo: Polyphaga
Infraordo: Cucujiformia
Cladus: Phytophaga
Superfamilia: Chrysomeloidea

Familia: Chrysomelidae
Subfamilia: Galerucinae
Tribus: Alticini
Subtribus: Alticina
Genus: Altica
Species: A. aenea – A. aenescens – A. aeneola – A. aeruginosa – A. alticola – A. ambiens – A. amoena – A. ampelophaga – A. ancyrensis – A. balassogloi – A. betulae – A. bicarinata – A. bimarginata – A. birmanensis – A. bisulcata – A. blanchardi – A. breddini – A. brevicollis – A. breviuscula – A. brisleyi – A. browni – A. bulgharensis – A. caerulea – A. caerulescens – A. californica – A. canadensis – A. carduorum – A. carinata – A. carinthiaca – A. caurina – A. chalybea – A. chamaenerii – A. circaeae – A. cirsicola – A. convicta – A. corni – A. cornivorax – A. corrusca – A. coryletorum – A. cuprascens – A. cupreola – A. cyanea – A. deserticola – A. difficilis – A. elaeagnusae – A. elongatula – A. engstromi – A. ericeti – A. floridana – A. foliaceae – A. foveigera – A. fragariae – A. franzi – A. fruticola – A. fuscoaenea – A. globicollis – A. gloriosa – A. graeca – A. gravida – A. guatemalensis – A. hampei – A. helianthemi – A. heucherae – A. himalayensis – A. humboldtensis – A. iberica – A. ignita – A. impressicollis – A. inaerata – A. inconspicua – A. ivlievi – A. japonica – A. jarmilae – A. kalmiae – A. kimotoi – A. knabii – A. komiyai – A. koreana – A. kozlovi – A. kurosawai – A. latericosta – A. lazulina – A. lesagei – A. liebecki – A. litigata – A. longicollis – A. lubischevi – A. lythri – A. malvernensis – A. marevagans – A. mohri – A. nancyae – A. napensis – A. nigrina – A. nipponica – A. nitens – A. nuristanica – A. obliterata – A. obolina – A. occidentalis – A. oleracea – A. olivieriana – A. opulenta – A. oregonensis – A. ovulata – A. palustris – A. pamiranica – A. plotnikovi – A. pontica – A. prasina – A. pretiosa – A. probata – A. purpurea – A. pyriformis – A. pyritosa – A. quercetorum – A. ribis – A. rosae – A. rosicola – A. sajanica – A. saliceti – A. sanguisorbae – A. schwarzi – A. semenowi – A. sibirica – A. simplex – A. subcostata – A. subopaca – A. subplicata – A. suspecta – A. sylvia – A. talassicola – A. talyshana – A. tamaricis – A. testacea – A. texana – A. tincta – A. tombacina – A. torquata – A. tristis – A. tsharynensis – A. ulmi – A. vaccinia – A. vialis – A. viatica – A. vicaria – A. viridicyanea – A. viridula – A. vitiosa – A. weisei – A. woodsi – A. yunnana – A. zangana

In synonymy: A. fukutai – A. nepalensis
Name

Altica Geoffroy, 1762: 244

Type species: Chrysomela oleracea Linnaeus, 1758, by subsequent designation by Latreille, 1810: 432.

Placed on the Official List of Generic Names in Zoology by Opinion 1754.
Synonyms

Haltica Illiger, 1801: 138 (unjustified emendation)
Adimus Billberg, 1820: 57 [syn. Bezděk & Biondi (2018: 187)]
Type species: Galleruca lausoniae Fabricius, 1798 [= Galeruca caerulea Olivier, 1791], by subsequent designation by Bezděk & Biondi (2018: 187).
Graptodera Chevrolat in Dejean, 1836: 388 [syn. Weise (1888)]
Type species: Chrysomela oleracea Linnaeus, 1758 by subsequent designation by Chevrolat (1845: 307).
Pantryptes Gistel, 1856: 378 [syn. Bezděk (2020: 183)]
Type species: Chrysomela oleracea Linnaeus, 1758, by subsequent designation by Bezděk (2020: 183).
Rybakowia Jacobson, 1892: 465
Type species: Rybakowia pyriformis Jacobson, 1892, by monotypy.
Halticella Germain, 1903: 60
Type species: Halticella atrocyanea Germain, 1903
Halticoidea Germain, 1903: 57
Type species: Halticoidea costifera Germain, 1903
Neoclitena Abdullah & Qureshi, 1968: 413 [syn. Bezděk & Nie, 2019]
Type species: Neoclitena simplex Abdullah & Qureshi, 1968

References
Primary references

Abdullah, M. & Qureshi, S.S. 1968. The Chrysomelidae, Coleoptera of Pakistan. Part III. – A Key to the Genera and Species of the Galerucinae, with Descriptions of New Genera and Species. Pakistan Journal of Science and Industrial Research 11(4): 396–414. Abstract only seen. Reference page.
Bezděk, J. 2020. Review of the genus-level names proposed by Johannes Gistel in Chrysomelidae (Coleoptera). Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae 60(1): 173–188. DOI: 10.37520/aemnp.2020.011 Open access. Reference page.
Bezděk, J. & Biondi, M. 2018. On the generic names proposed in Chrysomelidae (Coleoptera) by Gustaf Johan Billberg. Zootaxa 4422(2): 184–190. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4422.2.2 Paywall Reference page.
Bezděk, J. & Nie, R-E. 2019. Taxonomical changes and new records of Chrysomelidae (Coleoptera) from eastern Palaearctic and Oriental Regions. Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology 22(3): 655–665. DOI: 10.1016/j.aspen.2019.05.002 Paywall. ResearchGate Open access. Reference page.
Billberg, G.J. 1820. Enumeratio insectorum in museo Gust. Joh. Billberg. Stockholm, 138 pp. BHL Reference page.
Chevrolat, L.A.A. 1836. [new taxa]. In: Dejean, P.F.M.A. Catalogue des Coléoptères de la collection de M. le comte Dejean. Deuxième édition. [Livraison 5]. Paris: Méquignon-Marvis Père et Fils. pp. 361–443. BHL. Reference page.
Geoffroy, E.L. 1762. Histoire abrégée des insectes qui se trouvent aux environs de Paris; dans laquelle ces animaux sont rangés suivant un ordre méthodique. Tome premier. Durand, Paris. xxviii + 523 pp., 10 pls. DOI: 10.5962/bhl.title.14710. BHL. Reference page.
Gistel, J.N.F.X. 1856. Die Mysterien der europäischen Insectenwelt. Ein geheimer Schlüssel für Sammler aller Insecten-Ordnungen und Stände, behufs des Fangs, des Aufenhalts-Orts, der Wohnung, Tag- und Jahreszeit u.s.w., oder autoptische Darstellung des Insectenstaats in seinem Zusammenhange zum Bestehen des Naturhaushaltes überhaupt und insbesondere in seinem Einflusse auf die phanerogamische und cryptogamische Pflanzenberöltzerrung Europa’s. Zum ersten Male nach 25 jährigen eigenen Erfahrungen zusammengestellt und herausgegeben. Kempten: T. Dannheimer, xii + 530 + [2] pp. DOI: 10.5962/bhl.title.65996. Reference page.
ICZN 1994. Opinion 1754. Histoire abrégée des insectes qui se trouve aux environs de Paris (Geoffroy, 1762): some generic names conserved (Crustacea, Insecta). The Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 51(1): 58–70. BHL. Reference page.
Illiger, J.K.W. 1801. Namen der Insekten-Gattungen, ihr Genitiv, ihr grammatisches Geschlecht, ihr Silbenmass, ihre Herleitung; zugleich mit den Deutschen Benennungen. Magazin für Insektenkunde 1: 125–155. BHL
Jacobson, G.G. 1892. Conspectus specierum generis Haltica Geoffr. ex Asia media hucusque notarum. Horae Societatis Entomologicae Rossicae 26: 462–467. BHL.
Latreille, P.A. 1810. Considérations générales sur l'ordre naturel des animaux composant les classes des crustacés, des arachnides, et des insectes : avec un tableau méthodique de leurs genres, disposés en familles. Paris: Schoell, 444 pp. BHL Reference page.

Additional references

Clark, S.M., Lillrose, T. & Belo Neto, L.A. 2013. Leaf Beetles of the Cayman Islands (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Insecta Mundi 0279: 1–41. PDF. Reference page.
Döberl, M. 2010. Subfamily Alticinae Newman, 1835. Pp. 491–563. In: Löbl, I. & Smetana, A. (eds.) Catalogue of Palaearctic Coleoptera. Volume 6. Chrysomeloidea. Apollo Books, Stenstrup, Denmark. 924 pp. ISBN 978-87-88757-84-2. Google Books.
Döberl, M. 2010. On the species of Altica Geoffroy, 1762 from continental Africa (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae, Alticinae). Entomologische Zeitschrift 120: 51–72.
Hua, Y., Ge, S.-Q., Beutel, R.G., Zhang, Y., Cui, J.-Z. & Yang, X.-K. 2013. The larvae of Altica koreana (Ogloblin) and A. viridicyanea (Baly) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Galerucinae: Alticini). Zootaxa 3694(5): 461–470. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.3694.5.4 Paywall. Reference page.
Reid, C.A.M. & Beatson, M. 2015. Disentangling a taxonomic nightmare: a revision of the Australian, Indomalayan and Pacific species of Altica Geoffroy, 1762 (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Galerucinae). Zootaxa 3918(4): 503–551. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.3918.4.3 Open access. Reference page.
Riley, E.G., Clark, S.M. & Seeno, T.N. 2003. Catalog of the leaf beetles of America North of Mexico (Coleoptera: Megalopididae, Orsodacnidae and Chrysomelidae, excluding Bruchinae). Coleopterists Society, Special Publication No. 1. Sacramento, CA. 290 pp. ISBN 978-0-9726087-1-8. PDF. Reference page.
Suenaga, H. 2020. A revision of the genus Altica (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Galerucinae) of Japan. Japanese Journal of Systematic Entomology. Supplementary Series 2: 163–258. Abstract (Facebook). Reference page.
Suenaga, H. 2020. A nomenclatorial change of Altica subcostata LeSage (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Galerucinae). Japanese Journal of Systematic Entomology. Supplementary Series 2: 259. Abstract (Facebook). Reference page.

Altica (New Latin from Greek ἁλτικός, haltikós, "jumper" or "jumping") is a large genus of flea beetles in the subfamily Galerucinae, with about 300 species, distributed nearly worldwide.[2][3] The genus is best represented in the Neotropical realm, well represented in the Nearctic and Palearctic, but occurs also in the Afrotropic, Indomalaya, and Australasia. The species are similar to each other, small metallic blue-green-bronze beetles, often distinguished from each other only by the aedeagus. The species of Altica, both as larvae and as adults, are phytophagous, feeding on plant foliage of various food plant taxa, specific for each Altica species. Onagraceae and Rosaceae (mainly Rubus) are the dominant host plant families for Holarctic species. The adult Altica beetles are able to jump away when approached.
Selected species

Altica aeneola J. L. LeConte, 1859[4][5][6][7]
Altica aenescens Weise, 1888
Altica aeruginosa J. L. LeConte, 1859
Altica ambiens J. L. LeConte, 1859 (alder flea beetle)
Altica amoena Horn, 1889
Altica betulae Schaeffer, 1924
Altica bicarinata Kutschera, 1860
Altica bimarginata Say, 1824
Altica blanchardi Fall, 1920
Altica brisleyi Gentner, 1928
Altica browni Mohamedsaid, 1984
Altica californica (Mannerheim, 1843)
Altica canadensis Gentner, 1926
Altica carduorum (Guérin-Méneville, 1858)
Altica carinata Germar, 1824
Altica caurina Blake, 1936
Altica chalybea Illiger, 1807 (grape flea beetle)
Altica convicta Fall, 1910
Altica corni Woods, 1918 (dogwood flea beetle)
Altica cuprascens Blatchley, 1910
Altica cupreola Fall, 1926
Altica elongatula Csiki in Heikertinger and Csiki, 1939
Altica ericeti
Altica floridana Horn, 1889
Altica foliaceae J. L. LeConte, 1858 (apple flea beetle)
Altica fragariae
Altica fuscoaenea (F. E. Melsheimer, 1847)
Altica gloriosa Blatchley, 1921
Altica guatemalensis Jacoby, 1884
Altica heucherae Fall, 1920
Altica humboldtensis Fall, 1922
Altica ignita Illiger, 1807 (strawberry flea beetle)
Altica inaerata J. L. LeConte, 1860
Altica kalmiae (F. E. Melsheimer, 1847)
Altica knabii Blatchley, 1910
Altica lazulina J. L. LeConte, 1857
Altica liebecki Schaeffer, 1924
Altica litigata Fall, 1910 (crepe myrtle flea beetle)
Altica ludoviciana (Fall, 1910)
Altica lythri Aubé, 1843
Altica marevagans Horn, 1889
Altica nancyae Stirret, 1933
Altica napensis Blake, 1936
Altica nigrina Csiki in Heikertinger and Csiki, 1939
Altica nipponica
Altica obliterata J. L. LeConte, 1859
Altica obolina J. L. LeConte, 1857
Altica oleracea (Linnaeus, 1758)
Altica olivieriana Warchalowski, 2000
Altica opulenta Horn, 1889
Altica oregonensis Schaeffer, 1932
Altica ovulata Fall, 1910
Altica palustris Weise, 1888
Altica pedipallida
Altica prasina J. L. LeConte, 1857
Altica pretiosa Schaeffer, 1932
Altica probata Fall, 1910
Altica purpurea Fall, 1920
Altica quercetorum
Altica ribis Brown, 1946
Altica rosae Woods, 1918
Altica schwarzi Blatchley, 1914
Altica subcostata LeSage, 1990
Altica subopaca Schaeffer, 1932
Altica subplicata J. L. LeConte, 1859
Altica suspecta Fall, 1910
Altica sylvia Malloch, 1919
Altica tamaricis Schrank, 1785

Altica tamaricis tamaricis Schrank, 1785

Altica testacea Fall, 1910
Altica texana Schaeffer, 1906
Altica tincta J. L. LeConte, 1859
Altica tombacina Mannerheim, 1853
Altica torquata J. L. LeConte, 1858 (steel-blue grapevine flea beetle)
Altica ulmi Woods, 1918
Altica vaccinia Blatchley, 1916
Altica vialis Fall, 1920
Altica viatica Blatchley, 1921
Altica vicaria Horn, 1889
Altica viridicyanea
Altica vitiosa Blatchley, 1928
Altica woodsi Isely, 1920

References

Conserved name, ICZN 1994. However, David G. Furth argued that Altica had been cited by Geoffroy, 1762, and O. F. Müller, 1764, invalidly, and the first valid citation is Fabricius, 1775, see David G. Furth (1980), Altica of Israel (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Alticinae). Israel Journal of Entomology 14, 55–66.
Konstantinov A.S., Vandenberg N.J. 1996. Handbook of Palaearctic flea beetles (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Alticinae). Contributions on Entomology, International, Vol. 1, Part 3. Gainesville, FL: Associated Publishers. P. 237–440.
Ross H. Arnett et al. American Beetles, Vol. 2: Polyphaga: Scarabaeoidea through Curculionoidea. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 2002. ISBN 0-8493-0954-9. P. 662–663.
"Altica Genus: Information". BugGuide.net. Retrieved 2018-02-27.
"Altica Report". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2018-02-27.
"Altica Overview". Encyclopedia of Life. Retrieved 2018-02-27.

"Browse Altica". Catalogue of Life. Retrieved 2018-02-27.

Further reading
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Altica.

Král J. (1964–1979). Zur Kenntnis der palaearktischen Altica-Arten. Part 1–7. Entomologische Blätter 60: 126–133, 162–166; 62: 53–61, 159–168; 65: 72–85; 72: 61–63; 75: 98–108.
LeSage, L. 1995. Revision of the costate species of Altica Müller from North America north of Mexico. Canadian Entomologist 127, 295–411.
Plague and government response for the Altica quercetorum plague in Galicia.

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