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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Panorpida
Cladus: Amphiesmenoptera
Ordo: Lepidoptera
Subordo: Glossata
Cladus: Coelolepida
Cladus: Myoglossata
Cladus: Neolepidoptera
Infraordo: Heteroneura
Cladus: Eulepidoptera
Cladus: Ditrysia
Cladus: Apoditrysia
Cladus: Obtectomera
Cladus: Macroheterocera
Superfamilia: Bombycoidea

Familia: Saturniidae
Subfamilia: Saturniinae
Tribus: Saturniini
Genus: Antheraea
Subgenera (4): A. (Antheraea) – A. (Antheraeopsis) – A. (Loepantheraea) – A. (Telea)
Overview of species

A. acehensis – A. alorensis – A. andamana – A. angustomarginata – A. bacoensis – A. banggaiana – A. broschi – A. cadioui – A. canlaonensis – A. castanea – A. celebensis – A. cernyi – A. cihangiri – A. compta – A. cordifolia – A. diehli – A. discata – A. dulangensis – A. exspectata – A. frithi – A. godmani – A. gschwandneri – A. gulata – A. hagedorni – A. halconensis – A. harndti – A. helferi – A. hollowayi – A. imperator – A. insularis – A. inthanonensis – A. jakli – A. jana – A. jawabaratensis – A. kageri – A. kalabahiensis – A. kalangensis – A. kelimutuensis – A. korintjiana – A. lampei – A. larissa – A. loeffleri – A. lorosae – A. meisteri – A. (A.) mentawai – A. minahassae – A. mindanarissa – A. mindoroensis – A. montezuma – A. myanmarensis – A. negrorissa – A. pahangensis – A. paniki – A. paphia – A. pasteuri – A. paukpelengensis – A. paukstadtorum – A. pelengensis – A. pernyi – A. philippirissa – A. platessa – A. polyphemus – A. pratti – A. puncakensis – A. raffrayi – A. ranakaensis – A. ranongensis – A. rolfei – A. rosemariae – A. rosieri – A. roylei – A. rubicunda – A. rudloffi – A. rumphii – A. sahi – A. schroederi – A. selayarensis – A. semperi – A. sergestus – A. steinkeorum – A. sumatrana – A. sumbaensis – A. sumbawaensis – A. taripaensis – A. tenasserimensis – A. tenggarensis – A. ulrichbroschi – A. vietnamensis – A. viridiscura – A. visayarissa – A. yamamai – A. youngi
Name

Antheraea Hübner, 1819
References

Hübner, 1819, Verz. bekannter Schmett.: 152.
Brechlin, R., 2000, Zwei neue Arten der Gattung Anthraea Hübner [1816] von den westlichen Kleinen Sundaininseln, Indonesien: Antheraea (Antheraea) tenggarensis n. sp. und A. (A.) sumbaaensis n. sp. (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae), Nachrichten des entomologischen Vereins Apollo N.F. 21 (1): 38–44.
Brechlin, R., 2000, Zwei weitere neue Antheraea-arten von Sulawesi und den östlich anschliessenden inseln (Indonesien): Antheraea (Antherae) exspectata n. sp. und A. (A.) pelengensis n. sp. (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae), Nachrichten des entomologischen Vereins Apollo N.F. 20 (3/4): 291–300.
Brechlin, R. 2002a. Neue Arten der Gattung Antheraea Hübner 1819 [„1816”] von den Andamanen (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) Nachrichten des Entomologischen Vereins Apollo (n.f.) 22(4): 219-224. Reference page.
Brechlin, R. 2014b: A new species of the miranda-group of the genus Loepa Moore, 1859 from Tibet (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae). Entomo-Satsphingia, 7(1): 41–43. Reference page.
Holloway, J.D., Nässig, W.A. & Naumann, S. 1995. The Antheraea Hübner (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) of Sulawesi, with descriptions of new species. Part 1: Antheraea (Antheraea) rosemariae n. sp. Nachrichten des entomologischen Vereins Apollo N.F. 16(2-3): 297–308. full article zobodat (PDF). Reference page.
Holloway, J.D., Nässig, W.A. & Naumann, S. 1996. The Antheraea Hübner (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) of Sulawesi, with descriptions of new species. Part 2: The species of the frithi–group. Nachrichten des entomologischen Vereins Apollo N.F. 17(3): 225–258. full article zobodat (PDF). Reference page.
Lane, M.D. ; Naumann, S. & Lane, D.A., 2004: A new species of Antheraea Hübner (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) from East Timor. Australian Entomologist 31 (3): 123–130.
Lemaire, C. 1979a. Description de trois Attacidae indo-australiens. Lambillionea 78(11-12): 89–96. Reference page.
Nässig, W.A. & Holloway, J.D. 1989. A new species of Antheraea from Sumatra, West Malaysia and Borneo (Lepidoptera, Saturniidae). Heterocera Sumatrana 2(7): 185–190. Reference page. .
Nässig, W.A. & Treadaway, C.G., 1998: The Saturniidae (Lepidoptera) of the Philippines. Nachrichten des Entomologischen Vereins Apollo Supplement 17: 223–424.
Naumann, S. 2008. A new species of Antheraea Hübner, 1819 (“1816”) from the mangrove swamps of the Mentawai Archipelago, Indonesia (Lepidoptera, Saturniidae). Nachrichten des Entomologischen Vereins Apollo N.F. 24(4): 161-165. Reference page.
Naumann, S. & Löffler, S. 2015. A new species of the genus Antheraea Hübner, 1819 (“1816”) from Tibet (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae). The European Entomologist 7(1): 15–26. full article (PDF). Reference page.
Naumann, S. & Lourens, J.H. 2008. A new, unexpected species of the genus Antheraea Hübner, 1819 (“1816”) from Luzon Island, Philippines (Lepidoptera, Saturniidae). Nachrichten des Entomologischen Vereins Apollo 29(1-2): 65–70. full article zobodat (PDF). Reference page.
Naumann, S. & Nässig, W.A. 1998. Two new species of Antheraea (Antheraea) of the helferi–group from Eastern Indonesia (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae). Nachrichten des entomologischen Vereins Apollo N.F. 18(4): 319-330. full article zobodat (PDF). Reference page.
Paukstadt, U. & Brosch, U., 1996: Zwei neue Arten der Gattung Antheraea Hübner [1819] von der Insel Mindoro, Philippinen (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae). Entomologische Zeitschrift 106 (12): 513–519.
Paukstadt, U., Brosch, U. & Paukstadt, L.H., 1999: Antheraea (Antheraea) schroederi n. sp., eine neue Saturniide von den Philippinen (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae). Galathea Berichte des Kreises Nürnberger Entomologen eV Suppl. 6: 23–32.
Paukstadt, U., Brosch, U. & Paukstadt, L.H. 2000. Preliminary Checklist of the Names of the Worldwide Genus Antheraea Hübner, 1819 ("1816") (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae). Galathea Berichte des Kreises Nürnberger Entomologen eV 9 supplement: 1–59. Full article (PDF). Reference page.
Paukstadt, U. & Paukstadt, L.H. 1999: Antheraea (Antheraea) ulrichbroschi n. sp., eine neue Saturniide von West Malaysia (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae). Galathea Berichte des Kreises Nürnberger Entomologen eV Suppl. 6: 90–98.
Paukstadt, U. & Paukstadt, L.H., 2007: A Preliminary Annotated Checklist of the Indonesian Wild Silkmoths – Part II. The subgenus Loepantheraea TOXOPEUS, 1940 (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae: Saturniinae). Beiträge zur Kenntnis der wilden Seidenspinner (Wilhelmshaven), 5 (1): 3–40.
Paukstadt, U. & Paukstadt, L.H. 2013a. Antheraea (Antheraea) selayarensis sp. nov., ein neuer wilder Seidenspinner von der Insel Selayar, Provinz Süd Sulawesi, Indonesien (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae). Beiträge zur Kenntnis der wilden Seidenspinner 11(3): 107–118. Reference page.
Paukstadt, U. & Paukstadt, L.H., 2013: Drei neue Unterarten der Untergattung Antheraeopsis Wood-Mason, 1886 der Gattung Antheraea Hübner, 1819 („1816“) von den Philippinen (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae). Beiträge zur Kenntnis der wilden Seidenspinner (Wilhelmshaven), 11 (3): 119–137
Paukstadt, U. & Paukstadt, L.H., 2013: Zwei neue Arten der Untergattung Antheraeopsis Wood-Mason, 1886 der Gattung Antheraea Hübner, 1819 („1816“) vom südostasiatischen Festland (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae). Beiträge zur Kenntnis der wilden Seidenspinner (Wilhelmshaven), 11 (4): 152–174.
Paukstadt, U., Paukstadt, L.H. & Brosch, U., 1998: Antheraea (Antheraea) myanmarensis n. sp., eine neue Saturniide von Südostasien (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae). Entomologische Zeitschrift 108 (2): 57–64.
Paukstadt, U., Paukstadt, L.H. & Brosch, U., 1999: Antheraea (Antheraea) steinkeorum n. sp., eine neue Saturniide von Südostasien (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae). Galathea Berichte des Kreises Nürnberger Entomologen eV Suppl. 6: 81–89.
Paukstadt, U., Paukstadt, L.H. & Suhardjono, Y.R., 1997: Antheraea (Antheraea) kageri n. sp., eine neue Saturniide (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) von Sulawesi, Indonesien. Entomologische Zeitschrift 107 (2): 53–59.
Paukstadt, U., Paukstadt, L.H. & Suhardjono, Y.R., 1997: Antheraea (Antheraea) ranakaensis n. sp. und Antheraea (Antheraea) kelimutuensis n. sp., zwei neue Saturniiden von der Insel Flores, Indonesien (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae). Entomologische Zeitschrift 107 (7): 265–276.

Vernacular names
English: Tussah moths

Antheraea is a moth genus belonging to the family Saturniidae. The genus was erected by Jacob Hübner in 1819. Several species of this genus have caterpillars which produce wild silk of commercial importance. Commonly called "tussar silk", the moths are named tussar moths after the fabric.

Taxonomy
Species

The genus includes these species:

Antheraea alleni Holloway, 1987
Antheraea alorensis U. Paukstadt & L.h. Paukstadt, 2005
Antheraea andamana Moore, 1877
Antheraea angustomarginata Brechlin & Meister, 2009
Antheraea assamensis Helfer, 1837
Antheraea billitonensis Moore, 1878
Antheraea broschi Naumann, 2001
Antheraea brunei Allen & Holloway, 1986
Antheraea castanea Jordan, 1910 (= A. mezops)
Antheraea celebensis Watson, 1915
Antheraea cernyi Brechlin, 2002
Antheraea cihangiri Naumann & Naessig, 1998
Antheraea cingalesa Moore, 1883
Antheraea compta Rothschild, 1899
Antheraea cordifolia Weymer, 1906
Antheraea crypta Chu & Wang, 1993
Antheraea diehli Lemaire, 1979
Antheraea exspectata Brechlin, 2000
Antheraea fickei Weymer, 1909
Antheraea formosana Sonan, 1937
Antheraea frithi Moore, 1859
Antheraea fusca Rothschild, 1903
Antheraea gephyra Niepelt, 1926
Antheraea godmani (Druce, 1892)
Antheraea gschwandneri Niepelt, 1918
Antheraea gulata Naessig & Treadaway, 1998
Antheraea hagedorni Naumann & Lourens, 2008
Antheraea halconensis U. Paukstadt & Brosch, 1996
Antheraea harndti Naumann, 1999
Antheraea helferi Moore, 1859
Antheraea hollowayi Naessig & Naumann, 1998
Antheraea imperator Watson, 1913
Antheraea jakli Naumann, 2008
Antheraea jana (Stoll, 1782)
Antheraea jawabaratensis Brechlin & Paukstadt, 2010
Antheraea kageri U. Paukstadt, L. Paukstadt & Suhardjono, 1997
Antheraea kalangensis Brechlin & Meister, 2009
Antheraea kelimutuensis U. Paukstadt, L. Paukstadt & Suhardjono, 1997
Antheraea knyvetti Hampson, 1893
?Antheraea korintjiana
Antheraea lampei Naessig & Holloway, 1989
Antheraea larissa (Westwood, 1847)
Antheraea larissoides Bouvier, 1928
Antheraea lorosae M.D. Lane, Naumann & D.A. Lane, 2004
Antheraea meisteri Brechlin, 2002
Antheraea mentawai Naessig, Lampe & Kager, 2002
Antheraea minahassae Niepelt, 1926
Antheraea montezuma (Salle, 1856)
Antheraea moultoni Watson, 1927
Antheraea myanmarensis U. Paukstadt, L. Paukstadt & Brosch, 1998
Antheraea mylittoides Bouvier, 1928
Antheraea pahangensis Brechlin & Paukstadt, 2010
Antheraea oculea (Neumoegen, 1883)
Antheraea paphia Linnaeus, 1758[1] (= A. mylitta)
Antheraea pasteuri Bouvier, 1928
Antheraea paukpelengensis Brechlin & Meister, 2009
Antheraea paukstadtorum Naumann, Holloway & Naessig, 1996
Antheraea pedunculata Bouvier, 1936
Antheraea pelengensis Brechlin, 2000
Antheraea pernyi (Guérin-Méneville, 1855) – Chinese tussar moth
Antheraea perrottetii (Guérin-Méneville, 1843)
Antheraea platessa Rothschild, 1903
Antheraea polyphemus (Cramer, 1775) – Polyphemus moth
Antheraea pratti Bouvier, 1928
Antheraea prelarissa Bouvier, 1928
Antheraea raffrayi Bouvier, 1928
Antheraea ranakaensis U. Paukstadt, L. Paukstadt & Suhardjono, 1997
Antheraea rosemariae Holloway, Naessig & Naumann, 1995
Antheraea rosieri (Toxopeus, 1940)
Antheraea roylei Moore, 1859
Antheraea rubicunda Brechlin, 2009
Antheraea rumphii (Felder, 1861)
Antheraea schroederi U. Paukstadt, Brosch & L. Paukstadt, 1999
Antheraea semperi C. & R. Felder, 1861
Antheraea steinkeorum U. Paukstadt, L. Paukstadt & Brosch, 1999
Antheraea subcaeca Bouvier, 1928
Antheraea sumatrana Niepelt, 1926
Antheraea sumbawaensis Brechlin, 2000
Antheraea superba Inoue, 1964
Antheraea surakarta Moore, 1862
Antheraea taripaensis Naumann, Naessig & Holloway, 1996
Antheraea tenggarensis Brechlin, 2000
Antheraea ulrichbroschi U. & L. Paukstadt, 1999
Antheraea vietnamensis Brechlin & Paukstadt, 2010
Antheraea viridiscura Holloway, Naessig & Naumann, 1996
Antheraea yamamai (Guérin-Méneville, 1861) – Japanese oak silk moth

Hybrids

Antheraea × proylei (A. pernyi male × A. roylei female)
Antheraea polyphemus male × Antheraea paphia female (1960 - Gary Botting) (using pheromone transfer)
Antheraea polyphemus male × Antheraea yamamai female (1959 - Gary Botting) (using pheromone transfer)[2]

Footnotes

"Produces Tassar silk in India". Fao.org. Archived from the original on 2014-04-18. Retrieved 2011-10-18.

See: "Gary's Open Window Way to Science Prize", Toronto Telegram, 2 May 1960, page 1; "Ontario Boy Wins Top Spot in Science Fair", Toronto Telegram, 13 May 1960; "Top Winner at U.S. Fair" [Indianapolis: Special], Indianapolis Times, 14 May 1960; "Science Fair Winners", Science Newsletter, 28 May 1960; "Moths Wing Lad to Oklahoma", Toronto Telegram, 16 June 1960; "Student to be Guest of U.S. Institute", Globe and Mail, 16 June 1960; "Bright Youth Brighter Today", Weekend Magazine, Vol. 10, No. 40, 1960; "Young Expert on Moths Invited to India Talks", Toronto Telegram, 29 December 1960; "Boy Collector: Moths Win Gary World Trip", Evening News, 29 December 1960; "Young City Moth Expert Flies to India", Peterborough Examiner, 30 December 1960; "Noted U.S. Scientists Address Roorkee Meeting", American Reporter, 11 January 1961

References

Tuskes, PM, JP Tuttle and MM Collins. 1996. The Wild Silk Moths of North America. Cornell University Press. ISBN 0-8014-3130-1
"Studies on the filament of tasar silkworm, Antheraea mylitta D (Andhra local ecorace)." G. Shamitha and A. Purushotham Rao. Current Science, Vol. 90, No. 12, 25 June 2006, pp. 1667–1671. PDF file downloadable from: [1]

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