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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Panorpida
Cladus: Amphiesmenoptera
Ordo: Lepidoptera
Subordo: Glossata
Cladus: Coelolepida
Cladus: Myoglossata
Cladus: Neolepidoptera
Infraordo: Heteroneura
Cladus: Eulepidoptera
Cladus: Ditrysia
Cladus: Apoditrysia
Cladus: Obtectomera
Superfamilia: Papilionoidea

Familia: Pieridae
Subfamilia: Pierinae
Tribus: Anthocharini
Genus: Anthocharis
Species: A. australis – A. bambusarum – A. belia – A. bieti – A. cardamines – A. cethura – A. damone – A. euphenoides – A. gruneri – A. julia – A. lanceolata – A. limonea – A. mandschurica – A. midea – A. sara – A. scolymus – A. stella – A. thoosa

Anthocharis Boisduval, Rambur, Duméril & Graslin, 1833.

Back, W., 2005: Eine neue Unterart von Anthocharis cardamines (Linnaeus, 1758) von Nord-Iran: carolinae subspec. nov. (Lepidoptera: Pieridae). Atalanta 36 (3/4): 475–480.
Back, W., 2010: Zwei neue Schwesternarten der Gattung Anthocharis Boisduval, Rambur, Duméril & Graslin, 1833: Anthocharis australis (F. Grinnell, 1908) stat. rev. und Anthocharis mandschurica (Bollow, 1930) stat. nov. sowie die Beschreibung von Anthocharis mandschurica nanjingensis subsp. nov. (Lepidoptera: Pieridae). Neue Entomologische Nachrichten 64: 145–146.
Emmel, J.F. , T.C. Emmel & S.O. Mattoon 2008: An extraordinary new subspecies of Anthocharis sara Lucas (Lepidoptera: Pieridae) from Redwood National Park, California. Bulletin of the Allyn Museum 155: 1–6.
Huang, R.-X. & Murayama, S.-i. 1992. Butterflies of Xinjiang Province, China. Tyô to Ga 43(1): 1–22. Full article (PDF). Reference page.
Korb, S.K. & Bolshakov, L.V. 2011. A catalogue of butterflies (Lepidoptera: Papilionoformes) of the former USSR. Second edition, reformatted and updated. Eversmannia, Supplement 2. Abstract. Reference page.
ten Hagen, W. 2008. Eine albinistische Form von Anthocharis damone Boisduval, 1836 (Lepidoptera: Pieridae). Nachrichten des Entomologischen Vereins Apollo N.F. 29 (3): 109–111. Reference page.

Vernacular names
English: Orange Tip
српски / srpski: Зорица / Zorica
中文: 襟粉蝶屬

Anthocharis is a Holarctic genus of the butterfly tribe Anthocharini, in the family Pieridae. These are typically small, white-hued butterflies that have colorful marks just inside the tips of the forewings. The tip colors are usually a red-orange hue, hence the name "orange tip". The larvae of these butterfly often consume cruciferous plants containing chemicals called glucosinolates. This genus is characterized by two of the five subcostal veins branching off before the apex of the cell, by the upper radial being only little united with the subcostal, and by the central discocellular being rather long. In all the species the males have at least the apical portion of the forewing orange red or yellow. Only one species inhabits also the northern districts of the Palearctic region, all the others are found in the south of the Palearctic region, also some species occur in North America, but not one species extends into the tropics. The Anthocharis species have only one brood. The butterflies occur in spring.
Museum drawer of Anthocharis and Zegris

Species and subspecies belonging to the genus Anthocharis include:[1][2]

Anthocharis bambusarum (Oberthür)
Anthocharis belia (Linnaeus, 1767) – Morocco orange tip
Anthocharis bieti (Oberthür, 1884)
Anthocharis cardamines (Linnaeus, 1758) – orange tip
Anthocharis cardamines phoenissa (Kalchberg, 1894)
Anthocharis carolinae Back, 2006 (Mazandaran (Iran), South Armenia)
Anthocharis cethura (C. & R. Felder, 1865) – desert orangetip
Anthocharis cethura cethura – desert orangetip
Anthocharis cethura bajacalifornica J.F. Emmel, T.C. Emmel & Mattoon, 1998
Anthocharis cethura catalina (Meadows, 1937) – Catalina orangetip
Anthocharis cethura pima W.H. Edwards, 1888
Anthocharis damone (Boisduval, 1836) – eastern orange tip
Anthocharis euphenoides (Staudinger, 1869) – Provence orange tip
Anthocharis gruneri (Herrich-Schäffer, 1851) – Grüner's orange tip
Anthocharis julia (Edwards, 1872) – southern Rocky Mountain orangetip
Anthocharis lanceolata (Lucas, 1852) – gray marble
Anthocharis lanceolata australis (Grinnell, 1908)
Anthocharis lanceolata desertolimbus J.F. Emmel, T.C. Emmel & Mattoon, 1998
Anthocharis limonea (Butler, 1871) – Mexican orangetip
Anthocharis midea (Hübner, 1809) – falcate orangetip
Anthocharis midea texas Gatrelle, 1998
Anthocharis monastiriensis Soures, 1998 (Tunisia)
Anthocharis sara (Lucas, 1852) – Sara's orangetip
Anthocharis sara inghami Gunder, 1932
Anthocharis sara thoosa (Scudder, 1878) – southwestern orangetip
Anthocharis scolymus (Butler, 1866) – yellow tip
Anthocharis stella (Edwards, 1879) – Stella orangetip
Anthocharis stella stella – Stella orangetip
Anthocharis stella browningi – Utah Stella orangetip
Anthocharis taipaichana (Verity, 1911)
Anthocharis thibetana (Oberthür, 1886) (West China) has the orange patch as in A. cardamines turritis, but the veins of the hindwing above are bordered with sulfur-yellow.


Anthocharis, funet.fi
Lamas, Gerardo (2004). Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera; Checklist: Part4A Hesperioidea–Papilionoidea. Gainesville, Florida: Scientific Publishers, Inc. p. 107. ISBN 0-945417-28-4.

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