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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Panorpida
Cladus: Amphiesmenoptera
Ordo: Lepidoptera
Subordo: Glossata
Cladus: Coelolepida
Cladus: Myoglossata
Cladus: Neolepidoptera
Infraordo: Heteroneura
Cladus: Eulepidoptera
Cladus: Ditrysia
Cladus: Apoditrysia
Cladus: Obtectomera
Superfamilia: Papilionoidea

Familia: Pieridae
Subfamilia: Pierinae
Tribus: Pierini
Subtribus: Appiadina
Genus: Appias
Subgenera (5): Appias – Catophaga – Glutophrissa – Hiposcritia – Phrissura
Overview of species

A. ada –A. aegis –A. albina –A. athama –A. aurosa –A. caeca –A. cardena –A. celestina –A. drusilla –A. epaphia –A. galba – A. galene –A. hombroni –A. indra –A. ithome –A. lalage –A. lalassis –A. lasti –A. leis –A. libythea –A. lyncida –A. maria – A. mariana –A. mata –A. melania –A. nephele –A. nero –A. nupta –A. pandione –A. paulina –A. perlucens –A. phaola –A. phoebe – A. placidia –A. punctifera –A. remedios –A. sabina –A. sylvia –A. urania –A. waltraudae –A. wardi –A. wardii

Abang, F., Treadaway, C.G., Schröder, H.G. & Page, M.G.P. 2006. A further contribution to the Lepidoptera fauna of Balambangan Island (Malaysia, Sabah) (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae, Pieridae). Futao 51: 1–7. Reference page.
Hanafusa, H. 1994. A list of butterflies from Mentawai Islands, Indonesia (4). Futao 16: 10–11. Reference page.
Mendes, L.F. & A.B. de Sousa, 2006. Notes and descriptions of afrotropical Appias (Lepidoptera: Pieridae) butterflies. Boletin de la S.E.A. (Sociedad Entomologica Aragonesa) 39: 151–160. Reference page.
Nuyda, J. & Kawamura, S. 1989: New subspecies of Philippine butterflies. Futao 2: 16–18. Reference page.
Schröder, H.G. & Treadaway, C. G. 1982. Zwei bemerkenswerte Lepidopteren-Taxa aus Palawan (Lep: Pieridae, Lycaenidae) Entomologische Zeitschrift 92(21): 309–312, 2 figs. Reference page.
Tennent, W.J. & A. Rawlins, 2010. A distinctive new subspecies of Appias urania Wallace, 1867, from the Moluccan island of Taliabu, Indonesia (Lepidoptera, Pieridae). Futao 56: 6. Reference page.

Vernacular names
中文: 尖粉蝶屬

Appias, commonly called puffins or albatrosses,[1] is a genus of butterflies in the subfamily Pierinae (whites) found in Africa and southern Asia.

Listed alphabetically:[1][2]

Appias ada (Stoll, [1781]) – rare albatross
Appias aegis (Felder, C & R Felder, 1861) – forest white
Appias albina (Boisduval, 1836) – common albatross or white albatross
Appias aroa (Ribbe, 1900)
Appias athama (Blanchard, 1848)
Appias caeca Corbet, 1941
Appias cardena (Hewitson, [1861])
Appias celestina (Boisduval, 1832) – common migrant
Appias clementina (Felder, C, 1860)
Appias dolorosa Fruhstorfer, 1910
Appias drusilla (Cramer, [1777]) – Florida white or tropical white
Appias epaphia (Cramer, [1779]) – diverse albatross or African albatross
Appias galene (Felder, C & R Felder, 1865)
?Appias hero (Fabricius, 1793)
Appias hombroni (Lucas, 1852)
Appias inanis van Eecke, 1913
Appias indra (Moore, 1857) – plain puffin
Appias ithome (C. & R. Felder, 1859)
Appias lalage (Doubleday, 1842) – spot puffin
Appias lalassis Grose-Smith, 1887
Appias lasti (Grose-Smith, 1889) – Last's albatross
Appias leis (Geyer, [1832])
Appias libythea (Fabricius, 1775) – striped albatross
Appias lyncida (Cramer, [1777]) – chocolate albatross
Appias maria (Semper, 1875)
Appias mata Kheil, 1884
Appias melania (Fabricius, 1775) – grey albatross
Appias nephele Hewitson, [1861]
Appias nero (Fabricius, 1793) – orange albatross
Appias nupta (Fruhstorfer, 1897)
Appias olferna Swinhoe, 1890 – eastern striped albatross
Appias panda Fruhstorfer, 1903 – Nicobar albatross
Appias pandione (Geyer, [1832])
Appias paulina (Cramer, [1777]) – Ceylon lesser albatross or white albatross[3]
Appias perlucens (Butler, 1898)
Appias phaola (Doubleday, 1847) – dirty albatross or Congo white
Appias phoebe (C. & R. Felder, 1861)

Appias phoebe
Appias placidia (Stoll, [1790])
Appias punctifera d'Almeida, 1939
Appias remedios Schröder & Treadaway, 1990
Appias sabina (C. & R. Felder, [1865]) – Sabine albatross or albatross white
Appias sylvia (Fabricius, 1775) – woodland white or common albatross
Appias waltraudae Schröder, 1977
Appias wardii (Moore, 1884) – lesser albatross
Appias zarinda (Boisduval, 1836) – eastern orange albatross


Savela, Markku (December 23, 2018). "Appias Hübner, [1819]". Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms. Retrieved April 17, 2020.
Woodhall, Steve (2005). Field Guide to Butterflies of South Africa. Cape Town, South Africa: Struik. ISBN 978-1-86872-724-7.
White Albatross, Learn about Butterflies

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