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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Panorpida
Cladus: Amphiesmenoptera
Ordo: Lepidoptera
Subordo: Glossata
Cladus: Coelolepida
Cladus: Myoglossata
Cladus: Neolepidoptera
Infraordo: Heteroneura
Cladus: Eulepidoptera
Cladus: Ditrysia
Cladus: Apoditrysia
Cladus: Obtectomera
Superfamilia: Papilionoidea

Familia: Papilionidae
Subfamilia: Parnassiinae
Tribus: Luehdorfiini
Genus: Archon
Species: A. apollinaris – A. apollinus – A. bostanchii
Name

Archon Hübner, 1822
References

Freina de J.J. & A.R. Naderi, 2003: Beschreibung einer neuen Unterart von Archon apollinaris (Staudinger, 1892) aus dem südwestlichen Zentral-Zagros, bostanchii subspec. nov., mit ergänzenden Angaben zur Gesamtverbreitung der Art. Atalanta 34 (3/4): 429–434.
Nazari, V., Zakharov, E.V. & Sperling, F.A.H. 2007. Phylogeny, historical biogeography, and taxonomic ranking of Parnassiinae (Lepidoptera, Papilionidae) based on morphology and seven genes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 42(1): 131–156. DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2006.06.022 Reference page.

Vernacular names
中文: 帥絹蝶屬

Archon is a genus of Palaearctic swallowtail butterflies in the subfamily Parnassiinae. Traditionally, only two species have been known: Archon apollinus and Archon apollinaris. Recent studies, however, have given specific status to a third taxon, Archon bostanchii.

Taxonomy

The genus consists of the following species:[1][2]

Larvae Butterfly Scientific name Distribution
Apollinaris male.jpg Archon apollinaris - (Staudinger, 1892)[3] Iran, Iraq, Syria, and Turkey.
Archon apollinus - False Apollo, Osmaniye 2013-04-26 01-1.jpg Archon apollinus - False apollo.jpg Archon apollinus - (Herbst, 1789)[4] Central and Eastern Europe and West Asia.
Archon bostanchii - (de Freina & Naderi, 2003)[5] Iran.

Food plants

Species from this genus feed on Aristolochia species.
Notes

Nazari, V., Zakharov, E.V., and Sperling, F.A.H., 2007. Phylogeny, historical biogeography, and taxonomic ranking of Parnassiinae (Lepidoptera, Papilionidae) based on morphology and seven genes. Molecular phylogenetics and Evolution, 42: 131-156 Archived June 6, 2011, at the Wayback Machine (in English)
Catalogue of Life:2009; Geraadpleegd op 20-11-2009[permanent dead link] (in English)
Staudinger, O. (1892) Neue Arten und Varietäten von Lepidopteren des paläarktischen Faunengebiets. Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift herausgegeben von der Gesellschaft Iris zu Dresden 4 (2): 224-339; pl. 3 [partim].
Herbst, J. F. W. (1798) Band 9. Schmetterlinge. Pauli, Berlin.

de Freina J. J. & Naderi A. (2004). Beschreibung einer neuen Unterart von Archon apollinaris (Staudinger, [1892]) aus dem südwestlichen Zentral-Zagros, bostanchii subspec. nov., mit ergänzenden Angaben zur Gesamtverbreitung der Art (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae). Atalanta, 34 (3/4) :429-434.

References

Carbonell, F., 1991. Contribution à la connaissance du genre Archon Hübner 1822: Découverte de zones de sympatrie pour Archon apollinus (Herbst) et Archon apollinaris Staudinger (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae). Linneana Belgica 13: 3-12.
Carbonell, F. and Michel, M., 2007. Une espèce jumelle méconnue du genre Archon Hübner, 1822 (Lepidoptera, Papilionidae). Bulletin de la Société entomologique de France 112 (2), 2007 : 141-150.
Nazari, V. and Sperling, F.A.H., 2007. Mitochondrial DNA divergence and phylogeography in western Palaearctic Parnassiinae (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae): How many species are there? Insect Systematics & Evolution 38: 121-138. pdf

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