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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Panorpida
Cladus: Amphiesmenoptera
Ordo: Lepidoptera
Subordo: Glossata
Cladus: Coelolepida
Cladus: Myoglossata
Cladus: Neolepidoptera
Infraordo: Heteroneura
Cladus: Eulepidoptera
Cladus: Ditrysia
Cladus: Apoditrysia
Cladus: Obtectomera
Superfamilia: Papilionoidea

Familia: Lycaenidae
Subfamilia: Theclinae
Tribus: Eumaeini
Genus: Atlides
Species: A. atys – A. bacis – A. browni – A. carpasia – A. cosa – A. dahnersi – A. gaumeri – A. halesus – A. havila – A. inachus – A. misma – A. polama – A. polybe – A. rustan – A. thargelia – A. zava
Name

Atlides Hübner, [1819]: 80.

Type species: Papilio halesus Cramer, [1777], by selection of Scudder, 1875: 124.
Synonymy

Riojana D'Abrera & Bálint, 2001. Synonymy in Lamas, 2004: 119.

References

Bálint, Zs., L.M. Constantino & K. Johnson, 2003: Atlides dahnersi sp. n. from Colombia (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Folia Entomologica Hungarica 64: 251–266. Full article: [1].
Hübner, J. 1819. Verzeichniß bekannter Schmettlinge 2–11: 17–176. BHL Reference page.
Lamas, G. 2004. (ed.) Checklist: Part 4A. Hesperioidea - Papilionoidea. In Heppner, J.B. (ed.) Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera. Vol.5A, Pt.4A. Assn. for Tropical Lepidoptera/Scientific Publishers, Gainesville. 439pp. Reference page.
Scudder, S.H. 1875. Historical sketch of the generic names proposed for butterflies. Proc. amer. Soc. Arts Sci. Boston 10: 91–293. BHL Reference page.

Links

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Nomenclator Zoologicus

Atlides is a genus of gossamer-winged butterflies (family Lycaenidae). Among these, it belongs belong to the tribe Eumaeini of the subfamily Theclinae. These small butterflies are widespread in the Americas, occurring almost anywhere between the southern United States and Argentina.[1]

Species

17 named and 5 (or more) undescribed species are known or assumed to belong to this genus:[1]

Atlides atys (Cramer, [1779])
Atlides bacis (Godman & Salvin, [1887])
Atlides browni Constantino, Salazar & Johnson, 1993
Atlides carpasia (Hewitson, 1868)
Atlides cosa (Hewitson, 1867)
Atlides dahnersi Bálint, Constantino & Johnson, 2003
Atlides gaumeri (Godman, [1901])
Atlides halesus – great purple hairstreak, great blue hairstreak
Atlides halljasoni Bálint & Wojtusiak, 2006
Atlides havila (Hewitson, 1865)
Atlides inachus (Cramer, [1775])
Atlides misma D'Abrera, 1995
Atlides polama (Schaus, 1902)
Atlides polybe (Linnaeus, 1763)
Atlides rustan (Stoll, [1790])
Atlides thargelia (Burmeister, 1878)
Atlides zava (Hewitson, 1878)
Atlides sp. 'Bahia'
Atlides sp. 'Colombia'
Atlides sp. 'Costa Rica'
Atlides sp. 'Ecuador'
Atlides sp. 'Peru'

A. thargelia was recently proposed for separation as monotypic genus "Riojana", but it was subsequently argued to be a nomen nudum per Article 13.1 of the ICZN Code, because an appropriate genus description was not given. The matter has been submitted to the ICZN for discussion. Regardless the questions of nomenclature, A. thargelia is for the time being retained here; given that several undescribed relatives are known to exist, splitting off monotypic lineages now runs risk of leaving the remaining group paraphyletic.
Footnotes

See references in Savela (2011)

References

Savela, Markku (2011): Markku Savela's Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms – Atlides. Version of December 22, 2011. Retrieved April 1, 2012.

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