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Battus polydamas

Battus polydamas

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Panorpida
Cladus: Amphiesmenoptera
Ordo: Lepidoptera
Subordo: Glossata
Cladus: Coelolepida
Cladus: Myoglossata
Cladus: Neolepidoptera
Infraordo: Heteroneura
Cladus: Eulepidoptera
Cladus: Ditrysia
Cladus: Apoditrysia
Cladus: Obtectomera
Superfamilia: Papilionoidea

Familia: Papilionidae
Subfamilia: Papilioninae
Tribus: Troidini
Subtribus: Battina
Genus: Battus
Species: Battus polydamas
Subspecies: B. p. antiquus – B. p. atahualpa – B. p. cebriones – B. p. christopheranus – B. p. cubensis – B. p. dominicus – B. p. grenadensis – B. p. jamaicensis – B. p. lucayus – B. p. lucianus – B. p. neodamas – B. p. peruanus – B. p. polycrates – B. p. polydamas – B. p. psittacus – B. p. renani – B. p. streckerianus – B. p. thyamus – B. p. vincentius – B. p. weyrauchi
Name

Battus polydamas (Linnaeus, 1758)
Synonyms

Basionym: Papilio polydamas Linnaeus, 1758
Papilio anguicidas Fabricius, 1838 (replacement name)

References
Primary references

Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio Decima, Reformata. Tomus I. Holmiæ (Stockholm): impensis direct. Laurentii Salvii. 824 pp. DOI: 10.5962/bhl.title.542 BHL p. 460 BHL Reference page.

Additional references

Lamas, Gerardo, 2004, Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera; Checklist: Part 4A; Hesperioidea-Papilionoidea.

Links

Photo's male, female [1]
ZooBank: 6B73739F-9414-4A9B-8C90-6CE1A5F08059

Vernacular names
español: Collar dorado

Battus polydamas, also known as the gold rim swallowtail, the Polydamas swallowtail or the tailless swallowtail, is a species of butterfly in the family Papilionidae. The species was first described by Carl Linnaeus in his 10th edition of Systema Naturae, published in 1758.

Description

The wingspan is 90 to 120 mm (3.5 to 4.7 in) without the tail. The top of the wings are black with a broad submarginal band formed by large yellow spots. The undersides of the forewings have the same pattern, while the hindwings have a submarginal row of red lunules. This butterfly flies from April to November in three generations in the north of its range, throughout the year in several generations in the tropics. The larvae feed on Aristolochia plant species.
Distribution

It is found in the Neotropical realm of South America, the southeastern U.S., and Mexico.[2]
Habitat

Battus polydamas is mainly present in open woods and abandoned fields.
Subspecies

The species is divided into the following subspecies:
B. p. antiquus (extinct)

†B. p. antiquus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906) – Antigua
B. p. archidamas (Boisduval,1836) – Chile
B. p. atahualpa Racheli & Pischedda, 1987 – Peru
B. p. cebriones (Dalman, 1823)
B. p. christopheranus (Hall, 1936)
B. p. cubensis (Dufrane, 1946) – Cuba
B. p. dominicus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906) – Dominica
B. p. grenadensis (Hall, 1930)

B. p. jamaicensis, Jamaica

B. p. jamaicensis (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906) – Jamaica
B. p. lucayus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906) – Bahamas
B. p. lucianus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906) – St. Lucia
B. p. neodamas (Lucas, 1852) – Guadeloupe
B. p. peruanus (Fuchs, 1954) – Peru
B. p. polycrates (Hopffer, 1865) – Haïti, Dominican Republic

B. p. polydamas, Southern Amazon, Brazil

B. p. polydamas (Linnaeus, 1758) – tropical South America
B. p. psittacus (Molina, 1782) – Argentina
B. p. renani Lamas, 1998 – Peru
B. p. streckerianus (Honrath, 1884) – Peru
B. p. thyamus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906) – Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands
B. p. vincentius (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)
B. p. xenodamas (Hübner, 1825) – Martinique[3]
B. p. weyrauchi Lamas, 1998 – Peru[2]

See also

List of butterflies of Jamaica

References

"NatureServe Explorer 2.0 - Battus polydamas Polydamas Swallowtail". explorer.natureserve.org. Retrieved 20 September 2020.
Savela, Markku. "Battus polydamas (Linnaeus, 1758)". Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms. Retrieved September 16, 2019.

"Battus polydamas (Linnaeus, 1758)". Catalogue of the Lepidoptera of the French Antilles. Retrieved September 16, 2019.

Mathew, G. F. (1877). "Life history of Papilio archidamas". Entomologist's Monthly Magazine. 14 (163): 152–153.
Brown, F. Martin & Heineman, Bernard. Jamaica and its Butterflies. (E. W. Classey, London 1972), plate VIII
Smart, Paul (1976). The Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Butterfly World in Color. London, Salamander: Encyclopedie des papillons. Lausanne, Elsevier Sequoia (French language edition) ISBN 9780948427046 ISBN 0600313816 page 159 fig. 19 as B. archidamas Bsdv., underside (Chile), fig. 17 as polydamas (Mexico).

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