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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Coleopterida
Ordo: Coleoptera
Subordo: Adephaga

Familia: Carabidae
Subfamilia: Carabinae
Tribus: Carabini
Subtribus: Calosomatina

Genus: Calosoma
Subgenera: C. (Blaptosoma) – C. (Callisphaena) – C. (Callistenia) – C. (Callisthenes) – C. (Callitropa) – C. (Calopachys) – C. (Calosoma) – C. (Caminara)C. (Campalita) – C. (Carabomimus) – C. (Carabomorphus) – C. (Carabophanus) – C. (Carabops) – C. (Carabosoma) – C. (Castrida) – C. (Charmosta) – C. (Chrysostigma) – C. (Ctenosta) – C. (Elgonorites) – C. (Microcallisthenes) – C. (Neocalosoma) – C. (Orinodromus) – C. (Teratexis)
Overview of species

C. abbreviatum – C. abyssinicum – C. aethiopicum – C. aethiops – C. affine – C. akkolicum – C. algiricum – C. alinderi – C. alternans – C. altipeta – C. ampliator – C. angulatum – C. anthracinum – C. anthrax – C. antinorii – C. argentinense – C. arrowi – C. arrowianum – C. asperum – C. atrovirens – C. aurocinctum – C. auropunctatum – C. bastardi – C. blaptoides – C. brachycerum – C. breviusculum – C. bridgesi – C. bulleri – C. burtoni – C. calidum – C. cancellatum – C. caraboides – C. catenatum – C. catenulatum – C. chihuahua – C. chinense – C. chlorostictum – C. ceresti – C. cicatricosum – C. concretum – C. costipenne – C. cyaneoventre – C. cyanescens – C. davidi – C. davidis – C. dawsoni – C. deckeni – C. declive – C. denticolle – C. deplanatum – C. depressicolle – C. digueti – C. diminutum – C. discors – C. elegans – C. elgonense – C. emmonsi – C. emmonsii – C. eremicola – C. escheri – C. escrobiculatum – C. eversmanni – C. externum – C. fabulosum – C. fischeri – C. flohri – C. frigidum – C. fulgens – C. galapageium – C. gebieni – C. gestroi – C. glabratum – C. glaciale – C. glasunovi – C. granatense – C. grandidieri – C. granulatum – C. grumi – C. guineense – C. harrarense – C. haydeni – C. heeri – C. himalayanum – C. imbricatum – C. indicum – C. inquisitor – C. investigator – C. iranicum – C. jaccardi – C. jakli – C. janssensi – C. karelini – C. kenyense – C. klapperichi – C. kuschakewitschi – C. laeve – C. laevigatum – C. lariversi – C. latipenne – C. leleupi – C. leleuporum – C. lepidum – C. lesnei – C. linelli – C. lugens – C. luxatum – C. macrum – C. maderae – C. marginale – C. marginatum – C. masaicum – C. maximowiczi – C. mirificum – C. moniliatum – C. monticola – C. morelianum – C. morrisoni – C. nauckianum – C. neumanni – C. nyassicum – C. oberthuri – C. obsoletum – C. oceanicum – C. olivieri – C. omiltemium – C. oregonum – C. orientale – C. orizabae – C. palmeri – C. panderi – C. parvicolle – C. pavlovskii – C. peksi – C. pentheri – C. peregrinator – C. persianum – C. peruviense – C. planicolle – C. politum – C. porosifrons – C. prominens – C. protractum – C. pseudocarabus – C. pumicatum – C. raffrayi – C. regelianum – C. reitteri – C. relictum – C. reticulatum – C. retusum – C. rufipenne – C. rugulosum – C. sayi – C. scabrosum – C. schayeri – C. scrutator – C. semilaeve – C. senegalense – C. simplex – C. splendidum – C. sponsa – C. strandi – C. striatipenne – C. striatulum – C. subaeneum – C. subasperatum – C. substriatum – C. subtilestriatum – C. sycophanta – C. sylvestre – C. tanganyicae – C. tanganyikae – C. tepidum – C. trapezipenne – C. usgentense – C. vagans – C. vermiculatum – C. viridissimum – C. viridisulcatum – C. volkensi – C. wilcoxi – C. wilkesi
Name

Calosoma Weber, 1801: 20

Type species: Carabus sycophanta Linnaeus, 1758

Synonyms

Callisoma Agassiz, 1846: 60, 61. Unjustified emendation of Calosoma Weber, 1801.

References
Primary references

Weber, F. 1801. Observationes entomologicae, continentes novorum quae condidit generum characteres, et nuper detectarum specierum descriptiones. Impensis Bibliopolii Academici Novi, Kiliae. xii + 116 pp. BHL Reference page. : 20

Additional references

Bruschi, S. 2013: Calosoma of the World (Coleoptera, Carabidae). Natura Edizione Scientifiche: Bologna. Reference page.
Gidaspow, T. 1959: North American caterpillar hunters of the genera Calosoma and Callisthenes (Coleoptera, Carabidae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 116: 229–343.
Gidaspow, T. 1963: The genus Calosoma in Central America, the Antilles, and South America (Coleoptera, Carabidae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 124: 279–313. PDF
Hackel, M., Farkač, J. & Sehnal, R. 2016. Calosoma aethiops (Jeannel, 1940) as a new synonym of Calosoma imbricatum hottentotum Chaudoir, 1852, a new status of Calosoma roeschkei Breuning, 1927, and a revision of the Calosoma senegalense group sensu Häckel, 2012 (Coleoptera, Carabidae, Carabini). ZooKeys 609: 11–28. DOI: 10.3897/zookeys.609.6822. Reference page.
Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per regna tria naturæ, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Holmiæ: impensis direct. Laurentii Salvii Reference page.

Links

Ground beetles of the genus Calosoma (Carabidae): atlas of beetles of Russia
Detailed catalogue of ground beetles of the genus Callisthenes Fischer von Waldheim, 1821

Vernacular names
čeština: Krajník
русский: Красотел

Calosoma is a genus of large ground beetles that occur primarily throughout the Northern Hemisphere, and are referred to as caterpillar hunters or caterpillar searchers. Many of the 167 species are largely or entirely black, but some have bright metallic coloration. They produce a foul-smelling spray from glands near the tip of the abdomen. They are recognizable due to their large thorax, which is almost the size of their abdomen and much wider than their head.[1]

History

In 1905, Calosoma sycophanta was imported to New England for control of the gypsy moth. The species is a voracious consumer of caterpillars during both its larval stage and as an adult, as are other species in the genus. For this reason, they are generally considered beneficial insects. Several species of this beetle, most notably the black calosoma (Calosoma semilaeve) are especially common in the California area.
See also

List of Calosoma species

References

Powell & Hogue (1979), California Insects. p. 262.

Friedrich Weber 1801: Obs. Ent., 20; Fabricius 1801, Syst. Eleuth., 1: 211.
Ground beetles of the genus Calosoma (Carabidae): atlas of beetles of Russia
Detailed catalogue of ground beetles of the genus Callisthenes Fischer von Waldheim, 1821
"Calosoma Weber, 1801". Carabidae of the World. 2011. Retrieved 27 Jun 2011.
Powell & Hogue (1979), California Insects. p. 262.

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