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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Panorpida
Cladus: Antliophora
Ordo: Diptera
Subordo: Brachycera
Infraordo: Muscomorpha
Sectio: Schizophora
Subsectio: Acalyptrata
Superfamilia: Ephydroidea
Familia: Camillidae
Genera: Afrocamilla - Camilla - Katacamilla - Teratocamilla

Name

Camillidae Frey, 1921
References

Duda, O. 1934. Camillidae. In Lindner, E. Die Fliegen der Paläarktischen Region, Band VI/1: 1-7, Textfig. 1-8, Stuttgart.
Papp, L. 1985. A key of the World species of Camillidae (Diptera). Acta zoologica hungarica 31: 217-227. Full article (PDF) Reference page.

Links

BHL bibliography
Hassler, M. {{{1}}}. Camillidae. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. {{{1}}}. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: {{{1}}} {{{2}}} {{{3}}}. Reference page.
Camillidae – Taxon details on Encyclopedia of Life (EOL).
Global Biodiversity Information Facility. 2019. GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset. Taxon: Camillidae.
ION

The Camillidae are a family of flies, or Diptera. The family has five genera (four living; one fossil).

Description
Camilla wing veins

For terms see Morphology of Diptera

Minute (2–3.5 mm or 0.079–0.138 in long), slender, lustrous black flies with hyaline wings. The postvertical bristles on the head are cruciate. There are three small orbital bristles on head on each side of frons, one of which is poorly developed. The vibrissae on the head are well developed. The arista has long rays above and shorter rays below. There are two pairs of dorsocentral bristles on thorax and one mesopleural bristle on the side of the thorax. The costa is interrupted near R1, the subcosta reduced and close to R1, the posterior basal wing cell and discoidal wing cell are fused; anal wing cell rudimentary. Femur of forelegs has a spine on its ventral side.
Biology

The lifestyle of the Camillidae is for the most part little known. There is an assumption that the larvae feed on decaying plant matter or animal faeces. Adults have frequently been found at the entrances of mammal burrows, or captured in mammal nests. Adults may be also found feeding on flowers. One species has been reared from larvae in the dung of rock hyraxes in Southern Africa (Barraclough, 1992).
Genera

Camilla Haliday in Curtis, 1837
Afrocamilla Barraclough, 1992
Katacamilla Papp, 1978
Teratocamilla Barraclough, 1993
†Protocamilla Hannig 1965

Identification

Duda, O. 1934. Camillidae. In Lindner, E. Die Fliegen der Paläarktischen Region, Band VI/1: 1-7, Textfig. 1-8, Stuttgart.
Papp, L. 1985. A key of the World species of Camillidae (Diptera). Acta zoologica hungarica 31: 217-227.
A.A. Stackelberg Family Camillidae in Bei-Bienko, G. Ya, 1988 Keys to the insects of the European Part of the USSR Volume 5 (Diptera) Part 2 English edition.

Phylogeny

  Ephydroidea  

 Curtonotidae

 Diastatidae+Ephydridae

 Drosophilidae

 Camillidae

  Ephydroidea  

 Curtonotidae+Drosophilidae

 Diastatidae

 Ephydridae

 Camillidae

McAlpine (1989)[1] Grimaldi (1990)[2]

References

McAlpine, J.F. 1989. Chapter 116. Phylogeny and classification of the Muscomorpha. In Manual of Nearctic Diptera. Vol. 3. Coordinated by J.F. McAlpine and D.M. Wood. Agriculture Canada Monograph, 32. pp. 1397–1518.
Grimaldi, David A. 1990. A phylogenetic, revised classification of genera in the Drosophilidae (Diptera) Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History 1971-139 [1]

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