Chelisochidae is a family of earwigs whose members are commonly known as black earwigs. The family contains a total of approximately 96 species, spread across sixteen genera in three subfamilies. They are primarily located in the more tropical Afrotropical, Australasian, and Oriental ecozones, even though some species, such as Chelisoches morio, are cosmopolitan. They are often dark in color, lending to their common name, and can vary in size. They can be easily identified due to a certain characteristic in their tarsals, that involves the abdominal projection located in the second tarsal segment. Like most earwigs, they are omnivores, and their diet consists of the larvae of leaf-mining insects, as well as certain types of vegetation.
1. ^ http://www.taxonomy.nl/main/classification/18211.htm
2. ^ http://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=102459
3. ^ "Checklist for CHELISOCHIDAE". Australian Faunal Directory. Australia: Australian Government: Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts. 2008-10-09. http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/abrs/online-resources/fauna/afd/taxa/CHELISOCHIDAE/checklist#selected. Retrieved 2009-06-26.
4. ^ See first entry in external links section for reference.
5. ^ "Discover Life - Dermaptera: Chelisochidae - Black earwig, Black earwigs". Discover Life. http://www.discoverlife.org/mp/20o?search=Chelisochidae. Retrieved 2009-06-26.
6. ^ Steinmann, H. (1993). "Dermaptera. Eudermaptera II". Das Tierreich 108.
7. ^ a b c "Family CHELISOCHIDAE". Australian Faunal Directory. Australia: Australian Government: Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts. 2008-10-09. http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/abrs/online-resources/fauna/afd/taxa/CHELISOCHIDAE. Retrieved 2009-06-26.