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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Panorpida
Cladus: Amphiesmenoptera
Ordo: Lepidoptera
Subordo: Glossata
Cladus: Coelolepida
Cladus: Myoglossata
Cladus: Neolepidoptera
Infraordo: Heteroneura
Cladus: Eulepidoptera
Cladus: Ditrysia
Cladus: Apoditrysia
Cladus: Obtectomera
Superfamilia: Papilionoidea

Familia: Hesperiidae
Subfamilia: Pyrginae
Tribus: Pyrgini
Genus: Chirgus
Species (6): C. barrosi – C. bocchoris – C. fides – C. limbata – C. nigella – C. veturius

Chirgus Grishin in Li et al., 2019: 6235, SI appendix 9.

Type species: Hesperia limbata Erschoff, 1876.

Li, W., Cong. Q., Shen, J.H., Zhang, J., Hallwachs, W., Janzen, D.H. & Grishin, N.V. 2019. Genomes of skipper butterflies reveal extensive convergence of wing patterns. PNAS 116(13): 6232–6237. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1821304116. Text. SI Appendix. Reference page.
Grishin, N.V. 2019. Expanded phenotypic diagnoses for 24 recently named new taxa of Hesperiidae (Lepidoptera). The Taxonomic Report 8(1): 1–15. PDF. Reference page.

Chirgus is a genus of checkered-skippers, white-skippers, and allies in the butterfly family Hesperiidae, found in the New World. The genus was erected by Nick V. Grishin in 2019. There are about six described species in Chirgus.

As a result of a 2019 study of the genomes of 250 representative species of skippers, the genera Chirgus was created to contain six related species formerly in the genus Pyrgus.[1]

These six species belong to the genus Chirgus:

Chirgus barrosi (Ureta, 1956)
Chirgus bocchoris (Hewitson, 1874)
Chirgus fides (Hayward, 1940)
Chirgus limbata (Erschoff, 1876)
Chirgus nigella (Weeks, 1902)
Chirgus veturius (Plötz, 1884)


Li, Wenlin; Cong, Qian; Shen, Jinhui; Zhang, Jing; et al. (2019). "Genomes of skipper butterflies reveal extensive convergence of wing patterns". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 116 (13). doi:10.1073/pnas.1821304116.

Further reading

Li, Wenlin; Cong, Qian; Shen, Jinhui; Zhang, Jing; et al. (2019). "Appendix to Genomes of skipper butterflies reveal extensive convergence of wing patterns" (PDF). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
Pelham, Jonathan P. (2008). "A catalogue of the butterflies of the United States and Canada with a complete bibliography of the descriptive and systematic literature". The Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera. 40. ISSN 0022-4324.
Pohl, Greg; Patterson, Bob; Pelham, Jonathan (2016). Annotated taxonomic checklist of the Lepidoptera of North America, North of Mexico (Report). doi:10.13140/RG.2.1.2186.3287.
Warren, Andrew D.; Ogawa, Joshua R.; Brower, Andrew V. Z. (2009). "Revised classification of the family Hesperiidae (Lepidoptera: Hesperioidea) based on combined molecular and morphological data". Systematic Entomology. 34 (3): 467–523. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3113.2008.00463.x.

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