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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Paraneoptera
Superordo: Condylognatha
Ordo: Hemiptera
Subordo: Heteroptera
Infraordo: Cimicomorpha
Superfamiliae (5): Cimicoidea - Miroidea - Tingoidea - Thaumastocoroidea - Reduvioidea
Overview of families (18)

Anthocoridae - Cimicidae - Curaliidae - Medocostidae - Microphysidae - Miridae - Nabidae - Pachynomidae - Plokiophilidae - Polyctenidae - Reduviidae - Thaumastocoridae - Tingidae - Velocipedidae - †Ignotingidae - †Vetanthocoridae - ?†Ebboidae
Name

Cimicomorpha Leston, Pendergast, & Southwood, 1954
References
Additional references

Dellapé, P.M.; Carpintero, D.L.; Melo, M.C. 2010: New records of Dipsocoromorpha, Cimicomorpha and Pentatomomorpha (Hemiptera: Heteroptera) from Argentina. Zootaxa, 2436: 57–64. Preview
Schuh, R.T., Weirauch, C. & Wheeler, W.C. 2009. Phylogenetic relationships within the Cimicomorpha (Hemiptera: Heteroptera): a total-evidence analysis. Systematic entomology 34(1): 15–48. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-3113.2008.00436.x. Open access Reference page.

Vernacular names
français: Cimicomorphes
magyar: Vérszívópoloska-alkatúak
日本語: トコジラミ下目

The Cimicomorpha are an infraorder of insects in the order Hemiptera, the true bugs.[1] The rostrum and other morphology of all members apparently is adapted to feeding on animals as their prey or hosts. Members include bed bugs, bat bugs, assassin bugs, and pirate bugs.

The two infraorders Cimicomorpha and Pentatomorpha have very similar characteristics, possibly as a result of the evolution of plant feeding. The key similarity that unites the Cimicomorpha and Pentatomorpha is the loss of the arolia (adhesive pads) on the pretarsi of the insects. These two infraorders comprise 90% of Heteroptera species.

These insects are a part of the old, informal classification of “Geocorisae” (land bugs). Among these bugs, parental care has evolved several times. Parental care varies from brooding of the eggs by the female, to a more active form that involves protection of young against predators and the female covering the nymphs under her body.

Superfamilies and families

BioLib includes:[1]

superfamily Cimicoidea Latreille, 1802

Anthocoridae Fieber, 1837 – flower bugs, pirate bugs
Cimicidae Latreille, 1802 – bedbugs
Nabidae A. Costa, 1853 – damsel bugs
Curaliidae Schuh, Weirauch & Henry, 2008
Lasiochilidae
Lyctocoridae Reuter, 1884
Plokiophilidae China, 1953
Polyctenidae Westwood, 1874 – Old World bat bugs

superfamily Miroidea Hahn, 1833

Microphysidae Dohrn, 1859
Miridae Hahn, 1833 – plant bugs
Ebboidae Perrichot et al., 2006

superfamily Reduvioidea Latreille, 1807

Reduviidae Latreille, 1807 – assassin and thread-legged bugs
Ceresopseidae Becker-Migdisova, 1958
Pachynomidae Stål, 1873

superfamily Tingoidea Laporte, 1832

Tingidae Laporte, 1832 – lace bugs
Hispanocaderidae Golub & Popov, 2012 †
Ignotingidae Zhang, Golub, Popov & Shcherbakov, 2005 †

superfamily Joppeicoidea Reuter, 1910

Joppeicidae Reuter, 1910

superfamily Thaumastocoroidea Kirkaldy, 1908

Thaumastocoridae Kirkaldy, 1908 – royal palm bugs

incertae sedis and other fossil taxa

Velocipedidae Bergroth, 1891
Vetanthocoridae Yao et al., 2006 †
Torirostratidae Yao, Cai, Shih & Engel 2014 †
genus Sternocoris Popov, 1986 †

References

BioLib.cz: infraorder Cimicomorpha Latreille, 1802 (retrieved 28 August 2020)

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Biology Encyclopedia

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