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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Panorpida
Cladus: Amphiesmenoptera
Ordo: Lepidoptera
Subordo: Glossata
Cladus: Coelolepida
Cladus: Myoglossata
Cladus: Neolepidoptera
Infraordo: Heteroneura
Cladus: Eulepidoptera
Cladus: Ditrysia
Cladus: Apoditrysia
Cladus: Obtectomera
Superfamilia: Papilionoidea

Familia: Pieridae
Subfamilia: Pierinae
Tribus: Teracolini
Genus: Colotis
Subgenera: C. (Colotis) – C. (Cuneacolotis) – C. (Gideona) – C. (Teracolus)
Name

Colotis Hübner 1819: 97.

Type species: Papilio amata Fabricius, 1775
Synonyms

Teracolus Swainson, [1833]
Idmais Boisduval, 1836
Callosune Doubleday, [1847]
Ptychopteryx Wallengren, 1857
Anthopsyche Wallengren, 1858: 76.
Thespia Wallengren, 1858: 77.
Calicharis Oberthür, 1876
Gideona Klots, 1933
Cuneacolotis Henning et al., 1997

References

Hübner, J. 1819. Verzeichniß bekannter Schmettlinge 2–11: 17–176. BHL Reference page.
Wahlberg, N., Rota, J., Braby, M.F., Pierce, N.E. & Wheat, C.W. 2014. Revised systematics and higher classification of pierid butterflies (Lepidoptera: Pieridae) based on molecular data. Zoologica scripta 43(6): 641–650. DOI: 10.1111/zsc.12075 Paywall. Reference page.
Wallengren, H.D.J. 1858. Nova Genera Lepidopterorum. Översigt af Kongl. Vetenskaps-Akademiens Forhandlingar 15: 75–84. Archive. Reference page.
Williams, M.C., 2008: Checklist of Afrotropical Papilionoidea and Hesperoidea.

Vernacular names
English: Orange tips, small orange tips, arabs
தமிழ்: சின்ன ஆரஞ்சு நுனிச்சிறகன்
中文: 珂粉蝶屬

Colotis, called orange tips or Arabs, is a genus of butterflies of the subfamily Pierinae found mainly in Africa and south-western Asia.[1] The larvae of all Colotis species specialize on plants in the family Capparaceae.
Species

Listed alphabetically within subgroups:[2]

Subgenus Colotis Hübner, [1819]:

Colotis amata (Fabricius, 1775) – topaz Arab or small salmon Arab
Colotis antevippe (Boisduval, 1836) – large orange tip or red tip
Colotis aurigineus (Butler, 1883) – African golden, Arab veined, or gold double-banded orange
Colotis aurora (Cramer, [1780]) – plain orange tip
Colotis auxo (Lucas, 1852) – sulphur orange tip or yellow orange tip
Colotis celimene (Lucas, 1852) – lilac tip or magenta tip
Colotis chrysonome (Klug, 1829) – golden Arab
Colotis daira (Klug, 1829) – black-marked orange tip
Colotis danae (Fabricius, 1775) – scarlet tip or crimson tip
Colotis dissociatus (Butler, 1897)
Colotis doubledayi (Hopffer, 1862) – Doubleday's tip
Colotis elgonensis (Sharpe, 1891) – Elgon crimson tip
Colotis ephyia (Klug, 1829)
Colotis erone (Angas, 1849) – coast purple tip
Colotis etrida (Boisduval, 1836) – (small) orange tip
Colotis eucharis (Fabricius, 1775) – plain orange tip or sulphur orange tip
Colotis euippe (Linnaeus, 1758) – round winged orange tip
Colotis eunoma (Hopffer, 1855) – three spot crimson tip
Colotis evagore (Klug, 1829) – desert orange tip, small orange tip or tiny orange tip
Colotis evanthe (Boisduval, 1836) – Madagascar orange-tip
Colotis evanthides (Holland, 1896)
Colotis evenina (Wallengren, 1857) – common orange tip
Colotis fausta (Olivier, 1804) – (large) salmon Arab
Colotis guenei (Mabille, 1877) – Madagascar red-tip
Colotis halimede (Klug, 1829) – yellow patch, white orange patch white, white and orange Halimede, or dappled white
Colotis hetaera (Gerstaecker, 1871) – crimson tip or coast purple tip
Colotis hildebrandti (Staudinger, 1885) – golden tip
Colotis incretus (Butler, 1881)
Colotis ione (Godart, 1819) – Bushveld purple tip, (common) purple tip or violet tip
Colotis lais (Butler, 1876)
Colotis liagore (Klug, 1829)
Colotis mananhari (Ward, 1870) – chevron white
Colotis pallene (Hopffer, 1855) – Bushveld orange tip
Colotis phisadia (Godart, 1819) – blue-spotted Arab or variable colotis
Colotis protractus Butler, 1876
Colotis pleione (Klug, 1829) – orange patch white
Colotis protomedia (Klug, 1829) – yellow splendour
Colotis regina (Trimen, 1863) – large violet tip, regal purple tip, or queen purple tip
Colotis rogersi (Dixey, 1915) – Rogers' orange tip
Colotis ungemachi (Le Cerf, 1922)
Colotis venosa (Staudinger, 1885) – no patch white
Colotis vesta (Reiche, 1849) – veined orange, veined tip, or veined golden Arab
Colotis vestalis (Butler, 1876) – white Arab
Colotis zoe (Grandidier, 1867) – violet-tip

Subgenus Teracolus (Swainson, 1833):

Colotis eris (Klug, 1829) – banded gold tip or black-barred gold tip
Colotis subfasciatus (Swainson, 1833) – lemon traveller or lemon tip

Subgenus Cuneacolotis (Henning et al., 1997):

Colotis agoye (Wallengren, 1857) – speckled sulphur tip

Subgenus Gideona (Klots, 1933):

Colotis lucasi (Grandidier, 1867) – giant orange-tip

Status unknown:

Colotis fallax (Wichgraf, 1913), described from East Africa

References

Woodhall, Steve (2005). Field Guide to Butterflies of South Africa. Cape Town, South Africa: Struik. ISBN 978-1-86872-724-7.
Colotis at Markku Savela's Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms

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Biology Encyclopedia

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