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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Coleopterida
Ordo: Coleoptera
Subordo: Polyphaga
Superfamilia: Curculionoidea

Familia: Curculionidae
Subfamilia: Curculioninae
Tribus: Acentrini - Ancyloenemidini - Anoplini - Anthonomini - Camarotini - Cenchrenini - Ceratopodini - Cionini - Cranopoeini - Cryptoplini - Curculionini - Demimaeini - Derelomini - Diabathrariini - Ellescini - Erodiscini - Eugnomini - Geochini - Gonipterini - Itini - Mecinini - Neosharpiini - Nerthopini - Otidocephalini - Piazorhinini - Prionobrachiini - Pyropini - Rhamphini - Smicronychini - Sphaeriopoeini - Storeini - Styphlini - Tychiini - Ulomascini - Viticiini

incertae sedis: Centrinaspis – Euryscapoides – Pachytrichus

Name

Curculioninae Latreille, 1802
References

Latreille, P.A. 1802: Histoire Naturelle, Générale et Particulière, des Crustacés et des Insectes. Ouvrage faisant suite aux Oeuvres de Leclercq de Buffon, et partie du Cours complet d'Histoire naturelle rédigé par C. S. Sonnini, membre de plusieurs Sociétés Savantes. Dufart. Paris: xii + 467 pp. + 1 [unn., Errata].
I.Löbl & A.Smetana (eds). 2012 Catalogue of Palearctic Coleoptera. Vol. 8: Curculionoidea II. Apollo Books, Stenstrup, Denmark. p. 117
ISBN 978-90-04252-06-6
Oberprieler, R.G. 2010: A reclassification of the weevil subfamily Cyclominae (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Zootaxa, 2515: 1–35. Preview

Links

Zicha, Ondřej et al. Curculioninae – Taxon details on Biological Library (BioLib).
Curculioninae – Taxon details on Fauna Europaea.
Subfamily Curculioninae - atlas of weevils (Curculionidae) of Russia

The beetle subfamily Curculioninae is part of the weevil family Curculionidae. It contains over 23,500 described species in 2,200 genera, and is therefore the largest weevil subfamily. Given that the beetle order (Coleoptera) contains about one-quarter of all known organisms, the Curculioninae represent one of the – if not the – most successful radiations of terrestrial Metazoa.[1]

Many weevils of this group are commonly known as flower weevils or acorn and nut weevils, after a food commonly eaten by Curculioninae larvae and imagines — the reproductive organs of plants.

Systematics

This large subfamily is divided into around 30 tribes. Delimitation of the Curculioninae is fairly robust considering its enormous size; there is some dispute, however, in their exact boundary with the Molytinae. The Phrynixini and Trypetidini are also included in the Curculioninae by some authors, but more often they are considered Molytinae; conversely, the Itini are usually placed in the Curculioninae but sometimes in the Molytinae, which are also expanded by certain authors to include, among others, the whole Cryptorhynchinae. These, as well as the Ceutorhynchinae, are sometimes included in the Curculioninae as additional tribes Cryptorhynchini and Ceutorhynchini. And some genera while almost certainly Curculioninae, are too unusual and/or ancient to be easily assigned to a specific tribe.

Features used to distinguish some of the tribes are:
Pygidium exposed Acalyptini[2]
Ceutorhynchini
Foreleg femora with large triangular tooth Camarotini[3]
Tarsi with one claw (not two) Cryptoplini (including Haplonychini)
Mandibular (chewing) motion vertical (not horizontal) some Curculionini
Prothorax with lateral keels Derelomini[2]
Prothorax narrowed at base (ant mimic) Erodiscini[3]
Otidocephalini
Hindleg femora enlarged Eugnomini (with triangular tooth)
Rhamphini (swollen for jumping)
Tarsal claws fused at base Smicronychini[3]
Prosternum anterior to foreleg coxae has a groove into which the rostrum is tucked
(if groove continues posterior to coxae: Cryptorhynchinae) Storeini
List of tribes

The subfamily Curculioninae consists of the following tribes:[4]
Some notable genera are also listed.

Acalyptini Thomson, 1859
Acalyptus
Anchylorhynchus
AcentriniSeidlitz, 1890[5]
Acentrusini Alonso-Zarazaga, 2005
Ancylocnemidini Voss, 1962
Anoplini Bedel, 1884[5][6]
Anthonomini Thomson, 1859
Anthonomus
Brachonyx
Camarotini Schönherr, 1833
Ceratopodini Lacordaire, 1863
Cionini Schönherr, 1825
Cionus
Cranopoeini Kuschel, 2009
Cryptoplini Lacordaire, 1863
Curculionini Latreille, 1802
Curculio
Derelomini Lacordaire, 1865
Diabathrariini Lacordaire, 1863
Ellescini Thomson, 1859
Dorytomus
Ellescus
Erodiscini Lacordaire, 1863
Eugnomini Lacordaire, 1863
Meriphus
Pactolotypus
Geochini Zimmerman, 1994[6]
Gonipterini Lacordaire, 1863
Gonipterus
Itini Reitter, 1913[6]
Mecinini Gistel, 1848
Mecinus
Rhinusa
Neosharpiini Hoffmann, 1956[6]
Nerthopini Lacordaire, 1865
Otidocephalini Lacordaire, 1863
Piazorhinini Lacordaire, 1863
Prionobrachiini Hustache, 1938
Pyropini Lacordaire, 1865
Rhamphini Rafinesque, 1815
Rhynchaenus
Smicronychini Seidlitz, 1891
Sphaeriopoeini Kuschel, 2003
Storeini Lacordaire, 1863
Glaucopela
Peristoreus
Styphlini Jekel, 1861
Pseudostyphlus
Tychiini Gistel, 1848
Lignyodes
Tychius
Ulomascini Lacordaire, 1865
Misophrice
Viticiini Morimoto, 1983

See also

List of Curculioninae genera

Footnotes

Kuschel 1995
Kojima & Morimoto 2005
Marvaldi & Lanteri 2005
Bouchard P, Bousquet Y, Davies AE, Alonso-Zarazaga MA, Lawrence JF, Lyal CH, Newton AF, Reid CA, Schmitt M, Slipiński SA, Smith AB (April 2011). "Family-group names in Coleoptera (Insecta)". ZooKeys (88): 1–972. doi:10.3897/zookeys.88.807. PMC 3088472. PMID 21594053.
"Fauna Europaea, Curculioninae".

"weevil.info, Curculioninae".

References
Kuschel, G. (1995). "A phylogenetic classification of Curculionoidea to families and subfamilies". In Anderson, R.S.; Lyal, C.H.C. (eds.). Biology and Phylogeny of Curculionoidea. Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Washington. Vol. 14. pp. 5–33.
Marvaldi, A.E.; Lanteri, A.A. (2005). "Key to higher taxa of South American weevils based on adult characters (Coleoptera, Curculionoidea)" (PDF). Revista Chilena de Historia Natural. 78 (1): 65–87. doi:10.4067/s0716-078x2005000100006.
Kojima, H.; Morimoto, K. (2005). "Weevils of the Tribe Acalyptini (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Curculioninae): Redefinition and a taxonomic treatment of the Japanese, Korean and Taiwanese species" (PDF). Esakia. 45: 69–115. doi:10.5109/2704. S2CID 86802907. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-18. Retrieved 2009-04-06.

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