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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Panorpida
Cladus: Amphiesmenoptera
Ordo: Lepidoptera
Subordo: Glossata
Cladus: Coelolepida
Cladus: Myoglossata
Cladus: Neolepidoptera
Infraordo: Heteroneura
Cladus: Eulepidoptera
Cladus: Ditrysia
Cladus: Apoditrysia
Cladus: Obtectomera
Superfamilia: Papilionoidea

Familia: Nymphalidae
Subfamilia: Danainae
Tribus: Ithomiini
Subtribus: Dircennina
Genus: Episcada
Species: E. apuleia – E. arcadia – E. carcinia – E. clausina – E. doto – E. hemixanthe – E. hymen – E. hymenaea – E. mira – E. philoclea – E. pichita – E. polita – E. salvinia – E. sulphurea – E. sylpha – E. ticidella – E. vitrea
Name

Episcada Godman & Salvin, 1879

Type species: Ithomia salvinia Bates, 1864 by original designation.
Synonyms

Prittwitzia K.S. Brown & H. Ebert, 1970
Type species: Ithomyia hymenaea Prittwitz, 1865 by original designation.
Ceratiscada K.S. Brown & R.F. d'Almeida, 1970
Type species: Nereis doto Hübner, 1806 by original designation

References

Brabant, R. & Bischler, H.-D., 2003: Trois espèces d'Episcada, Godman & Salvin, 1879 des Yungas de Bolivie, dont une espèce nouvelle (Lepidoptera, Ithomiidae). Lambillionea 103 (4): 683–687
Brown, K.S. & D'Almeida, R.F., 1970: The Ithomiinae of Brazil (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Transactions of the American Entomological Society 96: 1–18.
d'Almeida, R.F. & Mielke, O.H.H., 1967: Atas da Sociedade de Biologia do Rio de Janeiro 11:
Lamas, G., 2004: Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera; Checklist Part 4A; Hesperioidea-Papilionoidea
Willmott, K.R., Lamas, G., Hall, J.P.W., Mota, L.L. & Kell, T. 2020. The common, the rare, and the lost: Descriptions of twelve new species and three new subspecies of equatorial Ithomiini (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Danainae). Tropical Lepidoptera Research 30(1): 1-49. Reference page.

Episcada is a genus of clearwing (ithomiine) butterflies, named by Frederick DuCane Godman and Osbert Salvin in 1879. They are in the brush-footed butterfly family, Nymphalidae.
Species

Arranged alphabetically:[1]

Episcada apuleia (Hewitson, 1868)
Episcada canilla (Hewitson, 1874)
Episcada carcinia Schaus, 1902
Episcada clausina (Hewitson, 1876)
Episcada doto (Hübner, [1806])
Episcada hemixanthe (C. & R. Felder, 1865)
Episcada hymen Haensch, 1905
Episcada hymenaea (Prittwitz, 1865)
Episcada mira (Hewitson, 1877)
Episcada philoclea (Hewitson, [1855])
Episcada polita Weymer, 1899
Episcada salvinia (Bates, 1864)
Episcada sulphurea Haensch, 1905
Episcada sylpha Haensch, 1905
Episcada ticidella (Hewitson, 1869)
Episcada vitrea d'Almeida & Mielke, 1967

References

Episcada at Markku Savela's Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms

Insects Images

Biology Encyclopedia

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