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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Panorpida
Cladus: Amphiesmenoptera
Ordo: Lepidoptera
Subordo: Glossata
Cladus: Coelolepida
Cladus: Myoglossata
Cladus: Neolepidoptera
Infraordo: Heteroneura
Cladus: Eulepidoptera
Cladus: Ditrysia
Cladus: Apoditrysia
Cladus: Obtectomera
Superfamilia: Papilionoidea

Familia: Hesperiidae
Subfamilia: Pyrginae
Tribus: Pyrgini
Genus: Eracon
Species: E. asymmetrica – E. biternata – E. clinias – E. lachesis – E. paulinus – E. pebana – E. sarahburnsae
Name

Eracon Godman & Salvin, [1894]: 365.

Typus: Arteurotia biternata Mabille, 1889: 217.
Synonymy

★ Eracon Godman & Salvin, [1894]: 365; Draudt, [1924]: 890; Bell, 1947: 4; Evans, [1953]: 35; Hemming, 1967: 165; Steinhauser, 1989: 17; Bridges, 1994: IV.11; Lamas, 2004: 46; Li, W. et al., 2019: T1, 3.
References

Austin, G.T., 1997. Hesperiidae of Rondônia Brazil: Eracon and a new related genus, with descriptions of two new species (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae: Pyrginae. Tropical Lepidoptera Research 8(1): 22–28. Reference page.
Bell, E.L. 1947. New species and subspecies of neotropical Hesperiidae (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera). American Museum novitates 1330: 1–9. PDF. Reference page.
Bridges, C.A. 1994. Catalogue of the Family-Group, Genus-Group and Species-Group Names of the Hesperioidea (Lepidoptera) of the World. Bridges, Urbana, Illinois. BHL Reference page.
Draudt, M.W.K. 1917–1924. Die amerikanischen Tagfalter. Lycaenidae and Grypocera. In Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde 5: 739–999, Pls.1-194. Reference page.
Evans, W.H. 1951–55. A Catalogue of the American Hesperiidae in the British Museum. Pt.1 (1951): x+92pp, pls. 1–9; Pt.2 (1952): v.+178pp, pls. 10–25; Pt.3 (1953): v+246pp, pls. 26–53; Pt.4 (1955): v+499pp, pls. 54–88. Reference page.
Godman, F. & Salvin, O. 1879-1901. Biologia Centrali-Americana (Lepidoptera; Rhopalocera), 3 vols. London, Taylor & Francis. Vol. I, Vol. II, Vol III (plates). Reference page.
Grishin, N.V., Janzen, D.H. & Hallwachs, W. 2014. A new species of Eracon (Hesperiidae: Pyrginae) substantiated by a number of traits, including female genitalia. Journal of the Lepidopterists’ Society 68(3): 149–161. DOI: 10.18473/lepi.v68i3.a1. Paywall. Reference page.
Hemming, A. F., 1967. The generic names of the butterflies and their type species (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) 1967, Suppl. 9: 1-509.Reference page.
Lamas, G. 2004. (ed.) Checklist: Part 4A. Hesperioidea - Papilionoidea. In Heppner, J.B. (ed.) Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera. Vol.5A, Pt.4A. Assn. for Tropical Lepidoptera/Scientific Publishers, Gainesville. 439pp. Reference page.
Li, W., Cong. Q., Shen, J.H., Zhang, J., Hallwachs, W., Janzen, D.H. & Grishin, N.V. 2019. Genomes of skipper butterflies reveal extensive convergence of wing patterns. PNAS 116(13): 6232–6237. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1821304116. Text. SI Appendix. Reference page.
Mabille, P. 1889. Diagnoses de Lépidoptères nouveaux. Le Naturaliste (11)2: 25, 58–59, 67–68, 99, 127, 133–134, 144–145, 173–174, 183, 216–217, 239. Reference page.
Steinhauser, S.R., 1989. Taxonomic notes and descriptions of new taxa in the neotropical Hesperiidae. Part I. Pyrginae. Bulletin of the Allyn Museum 127: 1–70. Reference page.
Warren, A.D., Ogawa, J.R. & Brower, A.V.Z. 2009. Revised classification of the family Hesperiidae (Lepidoptera: Hesperioidea) based on combined molecular and morphological data. Systematic entomology 34(3): 467–523. Reference page.

Links

Lepindex; Butterflies of America

Eracon is a genus of skipper butterflies in the family Hesperiidae.
References

Natural History Museum Lepidoptera genus database

Plants Images

Biology Encyclopedia

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