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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Panorpida
Cladus: Antliophora
Ordo: Diptera
Subordo: Brachycera
Infraordo: Muscomorpha
Sectio: Schizophora
Subsectio: Acalyptrata
Superfamilia: Opomyzoidea

Familia: Fergusoninidae
Genus: Fergusonina
Species (29): F. atricornis – F. biseta – F. brimblecombi – – F. carteri – F. centeri – F. curriei – F. davidsoni – F. eucalypti – F. evansi – F. flavicornis – F. frenchi – F. goolsbyi – F. greavesi – F. gurneyi – F. lockhartiF. makinsoniF. metrosiderosi – F. microcera – F. morgani – F. newmani – F. nicholsoni – F. pescotti – F. purcelliF. schefferae – F. scutellata – F. syzygii – F. tillyardi – F. turneriF. burrowsi

[Source: Catalogue of Life: 2013 Annual Checklist]

Add (10): F. daviesae – F. giblindavisi – F. herbaservus – F. manchesteri – F. omlandi – F. tasmaniensis – F. taylori – F. thomasi – F. thornhilli – F. williamensis

Fergusonina Malloch, 1924: 337

Original status: Valid genus
Type species: Fergusonina microcera Malloch, 1924
Fixation: Original designation (p. 338) [and monotypy]
ZooBank: EF81B7E6-5FB9-483E-88CE-0033F55964EB


Nelson, L.A.; Scheffer, S.J.; Yeates, D.K. 2011: Three new species of Fergusonina Malloch gall-flies (Diptera: Fergusoninidae) from terminal leaf bud galls on Eucalyptus (Myrtaceae) in south-eastern Australia. Zootaxa 3112: 36–48. Preview Reference page.
Nelson, L.A.; Scheffer, S.J.; Yeates, D.K. 2011: Two new species of sympatric Fergusonina Malloch flies (Diptera: Fergusoninidae) from bud galls on high-elevation snow gums (Eucalyptus pauciflora Sieb. ex Spreng. complex) in the Australian Alps. Australian journal of entomology 50(4): 356–364. DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-6055.2011.00826.x Reference page.
Nelson, L.A.; Scheffer, S.J.; Yeates, D.K. 2012: Species diversity of Fergusonina Malloch gall flies (Diptera: Fergusoninidae) forming leaf bud galls on snow gum (Eucalyptus pauciflora Sieb. ex Spreng. complex), with a description of a new species from Tasmania. Insect systematics & evolution 43(2): 147–160. DOI: 10.1163/1876312X04302001 Reference page.
Purcell, M.F. et al. 2013: Two new species of Fergusonina gall fly (Diptera: Fergusoninidae) from leaf bud galls on black sallee (Eucalyptus stellulata) and manna gum (Eucalyptus viminalis). Australian journal of entomology 52(4): 363-370. DOI: 10.1111/aen.12044 Reference page.
Taylor, G.S. 2004: Revision of Fergusonina Malloch gall flies (Diptera: Fergusoninidae) from Melaleuca (Myrtaceae). Invertebrate systematics, 18(3): 251–290. DOI: 10.1071/IS02033
Taylor, G.S.; Davies, K.A. 2008: New species of gall flies (Diptera: Fergusoninidae) and an associated nematode (Tylenchida: Neotylenchidae) from flower bud galls on Corymbia (Myrtaceae). Australian journal of entomology, 47(4): 336–349. DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-6055.2008.00665.x
Taylor, G.S.; Davies, K.A. 2010: The gall fly, Fergusonina lockharti Tonnoir (Diptera: Fergusoninidae) and description of its associated nematode, Fergusobia brittenae sp. nov. (Tylenchida: Neotylenchidae). Journal of natural history, 44(15-16): 927–957. DOI: 10.1080/00222930903383545
Tonnoir, A.L. 1937: Revision of the genus Fergusonina Mall. (Diptera, Agromyzidae). Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 62: 126-146. BHL Reference page.

Fergusonina, the sole genus in the family of Fergusoninidae, are gall-forming flies. There are about 40 species in the genus, all of them producing galls on Eucalyptus, Melaleuca, Corymbia, and Metrosideros[1] species (all in the family Myrtaceae) in Australia and New Zealand.

These flies, considered closely related to Agromyzidae, are small and their larvae grow within galls formed on the leaf, shoot or flower buds. The galls themselves are induced by endosymbiotic nematodes in the genus Fergusobia (family Neotylenchidae) which are obligate mutualists of the flies. Females carry the nematode in their haemocoel, and transport them to host plants while laying their eggs. Most of the fly species are specific to their tree hosts but a few use more than one species of host.[2][3][4]

A Fergusonina species


Taylor, Gary; Davies, Kerrie; Martin, Nicholas; Crosby, Trevor (2007). "First record of Fergusonina (Diptera: Fergusoninidae) and associated Fergusobia (Tylenchida: Neotylenchidae) forming galls on Metrosideros (Myrtaceae) from New Zealand". Systematic Entomology. 32 (3): 548–557. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3113.2007.00383.x. S2CID 84323543.
Nelson, Leigh A.; Davies, Kerrie A.; Scheffer, Sonja J.; Taylor, Gary S.; Purcell, Matthew F.; Giblin-Davis, Robin M.; Thornhill, Andrew H.; Yeates, David K. (2014). "An emerging example of tritrophic coevolution between flies (Diptera: Fergusoninidae) and nematodes (Nematoda: Neotylenchidae) on Myrtaceae host plants". Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. 111 (4): 699–718. doi:10.1111/bij.12237.
Taylor, Gary S. (2004). "Revision of Fergusonina Malloch gall flies (Diptera : Fergusoninidae) from Melaleuca (Myrtaceae)". Invertebrate Systematics. 18 (3): 251. doi:10.1071/IS02033.

Scheffer, S.J.; Davies, K.A.; Taylor, G.S.; Thornhill, A.H.; Lewis, M.L.; Winkler, I.S.; Yeates, D.K.; Purcell, M.F.; Makinson, J.; Giblin-Davis, R.M. (2017). "Phylogenetics of Australasian gall flies (Diptera: Fergusoninidae): Evolutionary patterns of host-shifting and gall morphology". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 115: 140–160. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2017.07.023. PMID 28757445.

Further reading

Purcell, Michaela Fay Elizabeth. 2017. Phylogeny and host relationships of the Australian gall-inducing fly Fergusonina Malloch (Diptera: Fergusoninidae). Australian National University. PhD thesis.
Head, Elise. 2008. Ecology of the Fergusonina fly and Fergusobia nematode gall association in South Australia. University of Adelaide. MSc thesis.

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