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Galeruca tanaceti

Galeruca tanaceti

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Coleopterida
Ordo: Coleoptera
Subordo: Polyphaga
Infraordo: Cucujiformia
Cladus: Phytophaga
Superfamilia: Chrysomeloidea

Familia: Chrysomelidae
Subfamilia: Galerucinae
Tribus: Galerucini
Genus: Galeruca
Subgenus: Galeruca (Galeruca)
Species: Galeruca tanaceti
Subspecies: G. t. convexa – G. t. incisicollis – G. t. tanaceti
Name

Galeruca tanaceti (Linnaeus, 1758)

Placed on the Official List of Specific Names in Zoology by Opinion 1754.
Synonymy

Chrysomela tanaceti Linnaeus, 1758: 369 (original combination)
Tenebrio tristis Scopoli, 1763: 83
Adimonia gibbosa Reiche & Saulcy, 1858: 40
Adimonia declivis Joannis, 1865: 49
Adimonia bonvouloiri Joannis, 1865: 65
Adimonia cicatricosa Chevrolat, 1872: 131
Galeruca tanaceti var. banghaasi Laboissière, 1912a: 329 [junior homonym of Galeruca banghaasi Weise, 1894]
Galeruca tanaceti var. rufifrons Laboissière, 1912b: 375 [replacement name for Galeruca tanaceti var. banghaasi Laboissière, 1912]

References
Primary references

ICZN 1994. Opinion 1754. Histoire abrégée des insectes qui se trouve aux environs de Paris (Geoffroy, 1762): some generic names conserved (Crustacea, Insecta). The Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 51(1): 58–70. BHL. Reference page.
Joannis, L. de 1865. Monographie des Galérucides d'Europe, du Nord de l'Afrique et de l'Asie. Tribu des Galérucides proprement dites ou Isopodes. L'Abeille 3[1866]: 1–168. BHL. Reference page.
Laboissière, V. 1912. Nouvelles variétés de Coléoptères phytophages (Chrysomelidae). Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de France 1912: 329–330. BHL.
Laboissière, V. 1912. Observations diverses. Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de France 1912: 375. BHL.
Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per regna tria naturæ, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis, Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Holmiæ: impensis direct. Laurentii Salvii. i–ii, 1–824 pp DOI: 10.5962/bhl.title.542: 369. Reference page.

Additional references

Beenen, R. 2010. Galerucinae Latreille, 1802. Pp. 443–491. In: Löbl, I. & Smetana, A. (eds.) Catalogue of Palaearctic Coleoptera. Volume 6. Chrysomeloidea. Apollo Books, Stenstrup, Denmark. 924 pp. ISBN 978-87-88757-84-2. Google Books. Reference page.

Links

Galeruca tanaceti Taxon details on Fauna Europaea
ZooBank: act:CA2DF23C-32B6-42C4-A9BA-C36B8687225F

Vernacular names
Deutsch: Rainfarn-Blattkäfer
Nederlands: Wormkruidhaantje
norsk: Reinfannbille
polski: Rozdestnica wrotyczówka
русский: Козявка тысячелистниковая


Galeruca tanaceti is a species of leaf beetle found in the Palearctic realm, and is the type species of the genus Galeruca. It was first described by Carl Linnaeus in his 1758 10th edition of Systema Naturae.

Distribution

This species is present in the Palearctic realm from Portugal to Japan. It is also present in the Near East and in North Africa. It has been introduced in northern America.[1][2]
Habitat

These beetles inhabit dry and sunny areas, meadows and grassy places.[3]
Description

Galeruca tanaceti can reach a length of 6–11 millimetres (0.24–0.43 in). These leaf beetles have a broadly ovate, convex and glabrous body. The head, pronotum and elytra are matt black and densely punctured. Lateral margins of the elytra are explanate. Also legs are entirely black, relatively long and slender.[4]

The females are longer than the males. At the time of oviposition the abdomen is greatly enlarged and filled with eggs so much that the elytra cover just one half of the length of the belly. The larvae are dark, covered with bristles on fleshy outgrowths.[5]
Biology

Adults can be found between June and August persisting until October. Eggs are laid during September or October. They are attached to a leaf, a stem or flowers of dry grasses and other herbaceous plants and are protected by the secretion of these beetle.[6] The larvae emerge only after the winter, at the end of April and during May. Pupation occurs in the ground during late May or June.[4]

Beetles and larvae are polyphagous, feeding on Asteraceae (Tanacetum vulgare, Achillea millefolium, Centaurea nigra, Tussilago, Cirsium arvense), Brassicaceae (Cardamine pratensis, Sinapis arvensis) and other plants (especially Potentilla auserina, Succisa pratensis, Scabiosa columbaria, Thymus serpyllum, Veronica and Hypericum perforatum).[4]

These beetles have been reported as a pest on oregano in Crete.[7]

Eggs have been observed being parasitized by Oomyzus galerucivorus (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae).

References

"Chrysomelidae of Europe". Archived from the original on 2017-05-20. Retrieved 2017-05-19.
Fauna Europaea
Nature spot.
Galeruca tanaceti - Watford Coleoptera Group
Georges Cuvier The Animal Kingdom: Arranged in Conformity with Its Organization, Volume 15
Leaf beetle Chrysomelidae - Tuin Thijs
E. Roditakis and N. E. Roditakis. "First Record of Galeruca tanaceti in Organic Origanum vulgare in Crete" (PDF). (2006) Phytoparasitica 34(5):486-487. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-05-24.

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