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Goliathus cacicus

Goliathus cacicus , Photo: Michael Lahanas

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Ordo: Coleoptera
Subordo: Polyphaga
Infraordo: Scarabaeiformia
Superfamilia: Scarabaeoidea

Familia: Scarabaeidae
Subfamilia: Cetoniinae
Tribus: Goliathini
Subtribus: Goliathina
Genus: Goliathus
Species: Goliathus cacicus
Name

Goliathus cacicus (Olivier, 1789)

Synonyms

Scarabaeus cacicus Voet, 1779 (Unav.)
Cetonia cacica Olivier, 1789
Goliathus princeps Hope, 1837
Goliathus atlas Nickerl, 1887
Goliathus cacicus quadrimaculatus Sjöstedt, 1928
Goliathus cacicus debilis Endrödi, 1960
Goliathus cacicus decoloratus Endrödi, 1960
Goliathus cacicus decorus Endrödi, 1960
Goliathus cacicus defectus Endrödi, 1960
Goliathus cacicus deletus Endrödi, 1960
Goliathus cacicus divisus Endrödi, 1960
Goliathus cacicus elegans Endrödi, 1960
Goliathus cacicus frequens Endrödi, 1960
Goliathus cacicus imperialis Endrödi, 1960
Goliathus cacicus indecorus Endrödi, 1960
Goliathus cacicus interruptus Endrödi, 1960
Goliathus cacicus maculatus Endrödi, 1960
Goliathus cacicus nigripennis Endrödi, 1960
Goliathus cacicus obscurus Endrödi, 1960
Goliathus cacicus ovatus Endrödi, 1960
Goliathus cacicus pauper Endrödi, 1960
Goliathus cacicus problematicus Endrödi, 1960
Goliathus cacicus uniformis Endrödi, 1960

Goliathus cacicus, the chief goliath, is a species of beetles of the family Scarabaeidae.
Description

Goliathus cacicus can reach a length of 50–100 millimetres (2.0–3.9 in) in males, of 58–79 millimetres (2.3–3.1 in) in females. The presence of sexual dichromatism in this species of beetle can be traced to the randomly structured filaments in the elytra of both males and females, contributing to vast differences in coloration and luster. Males commonly appear iridescent, while females are white and lack luster and iridescence. Within the last decade, research in Shanghai has further explored the role of structural differences in determining the appearance of the Goliathus cacicus. This research focuses on both visual appearance and the UV scale.[1]
Distribution

This species is present in Liberia, Equatorial Guinea, Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, and Ghana.[2]
References

Jiang, L., Dong, B., Liu, X. et al. Chin. Sci. Bull. (2012) 57: 3211. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11434-012-5343-4
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