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Halyzia sedecimguttata

Halyzia sedecimguttata (Coccinella sedecimguttata )

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Coleopterida
Ordo: Coleoptera
Subordo: Polyphaga
Infraordo: Cucujiformia
Superfamilia: Coccinelloidea

Familia: Coccinellidae
Subfamilia: Coccinellinae
Tribus: Coccinellini
Genus: Halyzia
Species: Halyzia sedecimguttata
Name

Halyzia sedecimguttata (Linnaeus, 1758)
Original combination: Coccinella sedecimguttata

References

Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per regna tria naturæ, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis, Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Holmiæ: impensis direct. Laurentii Salvii. i–ii, 1–824 pp DOI: 10.5962/bhl.title.542: 367. Reference page.

Links

Halyzia sedecimguttata Taxon details on Fauna Europaea
ZooBank: act:5B103048-B6D6-4E40-B166-3D9AD9320702
Ladybird Halyzia sedecimguttata L. (Coccinellidae) - atlas of ladybirds of Russia

Vernacular names
Deutsch: Sechzehnfleckiger Marienkäfer
English: Orange Ladybird
français: Halyzia sedecimguttata
lietuvių: Šešiolikadėmė boružė
Nederlands: Meeldauwlieveheersbeestje
norsk nynorsk: Sekstenprikka marihøne
norsk: Sekstenprikket marihøne
polski: Pokropka

Halyzia sedecimguttata, or orange ladybird, is a species of Coccinellidae (ladybirds) family.
H. sedecimguttata in motion

Distribution

Halyzia sedecimguttata is common in Europe, European Russia, the Caucasus, Siberia, the Russian Far East, Belarus, Ukraine, Transcaucasia, Kazakhstan, Asia Minor, Mongolia, Northern China, Japan.[1][2]

It was formerly uncommon in the British Isles but the species has established itself over the 20th-century and it is now common in many parts.[3]
Habitat

Common in woodlands, it is more frequent in dry areas, mainly in deciduous woodland (Western European broadleaf forests, Palearctic temperate broadleaf and mixed forest) and in parkland, at forest edges, and on hedges.
Description

Halyzia sedecimguttata can reach a length of 5–6 millimetres (0.20–0.24 in). These beetles have an oval shaped body, rather round than elongated. Compound eyes are black. The antennae are light-brown, quite long and slightly thickened at the end. Their physical appearance is marked by a striking orange colour and the presence of 16 (sometimes less) creamy white large spots on the elytra (eight spots on each elytron). The neck shield usually covers the head and shows orange colored spots. A typical feature is the slightly transparent edges of the elytra. Transparent parts are also present on either side of the neck shield.

This species is rather similar to Calvia decemguttata and Vibidia duodecimguttata.
Biology
Adults are visible from April to October. They spend the winter under the bark of the trees or in the forest litter under fallen leave. Both larvae and adults feed on mildew that infects the leaves of plants and occasionally on small aphids.[4] They mainly feed on Erisyphaceae infesting trees and bushes.[5] In particular, they feed on Phyllactinia guttata and Podosphaera mors-uvae [6] and on aphids present on Quercus robur, Tilia cordata, Ulmus minor, Acer pseudoplatanus, Corylus avellana, Fraxinus excelsior, Alnus viridis, Alnus glutinosa and on coniferous trees.

References

N. B. Nikitsky and А. S. Ukrainsky , 2016 The Ladybird Beetles (Coleoptera, Coccinellidae) of Moscow Province ISSN 0013-8738, Entomological Review, 2016, Vol. 96, No. 6, pp. 710–735 ISSN 0013-8738 online pdf
Fauna Europaea
Richard B Weddle The history and current status of the orange ladybird Halyzia sedecimguttata (Linnaeus, 1758) in the Clyde area in the UK context (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) in The Glasgow Naturalist pdf
Dyadechko, N.P., The Coccinellidae of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR, Kiev, 1954) [in Russian].
Iablokoff-Khnzorian, S.M., A Review of the Family Coccinellidae (Coleoptera) of the Fauna of the USSR, Zoologicheskii Sbornik Instituta Zoologii Armyanskoi SSR. Yerevan 19, 94–161 (1983)
Burakowski, B., Mroczkowski, M., and Stefańska, J., Katalog Fauny Polski. Szęść XXIII, Chrząszcze– Coleoptera. Tom 13. Cucujoidea, część 2 (Państwowe wydawnictwo naukowe, Warszawa, 1986).

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