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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Panorpida
Cladus: Amphiesmenoptera
Ordo: Lepidoptera
Subordo: Glossata
Cladus: Coelolepida
Cladus: Myoglossata
Cladus: Neolepidoptera
Infraordo: Heteroneura
Cladus: Eulepidoptera
Cladus: Ditrysia
Cladus: Apoditrysia
Cladus: Obtectomera
Superfamilia: Papilionoidea

Familia: Nymphalidae
Subfamilia: Charaxinae
Tribus: Anaeini
Genus: Hypna
Species: H. clytemnestra
Name

Hypna Hübner, [1819]

Type species: Papilio clytemnestra Cramer, [1777]
Synonyms

Hecalene Doubleday, 1844

References

Lamas, G., 2004: Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera; Checklist: Part 4A; Hesperioidea-Papilionoidea

Hypna is a butterfly genus of the family Nymphalidae. It is monotypic, containing only Hypna clytemnestra, the jazzy leafwing,[1] marbled leafwing or silver-studded leafwing.

Description

Hypna clytemnestra is the largest member of the tribe Anaeini. This "leafwing butterfly" is quite uncommon. The uppersides of the forewings are black, with a few white spots on the margins and two large white transverse bands. The uppersides of the hindwings are mainly brown. The undersides mimic dead leaves, ranging from dark brown to whitish. Larvae feed on Croton floribundus (Euphorbiaceae), while adults feed on rotting fruits.
Distribution

Hypna clytemnestra can be found from Mexico to the Amazon basin.
Habitat

This butterfly can be found in the lowlands or the foothills, at an elevation of about 100–1,200 metres (330–3,940 ft) above sea level.
Philately

This butterfly is on a Cuban stamp with a face value of ¢13.
Subspecies

H. c. clytemnestra (Nicaragua - Brazil, Suriname)
H. c. negra C. & R. Felder, 1862 (Peru, Bolivia, Panama)
H. c. forbesi Godman & Salvin, 1884 (Brazil: Pernambuco)
H. c. huebneri Butler, 1866 (Brazil)
H. c. rufescens Butler, 1866 (Venezuela, Colombia)
H. c. mexicana Hall, 1917 (Mexico: Oaxaca)
H. c. corymbaensis Talbot, 1928 (Brazil: Mato Grosso)
H. c. iphigenia Herrich-Schäffer, 1862 (Cuba)[2]

Gallery

Specimen on display at the Civico Museo di Storia Naturale di Trieste

Subspecies and forms from Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London (vol. 1866, plate XXIII)

References

Glassberg, Jeffrey. (2007) A Swift Guide to Butterflies of Mexico and Central America. Sunstreak Books Inc. p. 123.

"Hypna Hübner, [1819]" at Markku Savela's Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms

Biolib
Hypna clytemnestra, Butterflies of Amazonia

Insects Images

Biology Encyclopedia

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