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Idea leuconoe

Idea leuconoe (*)

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Panorpida
Cladus: Amphiesmenoptera
Ordo: Lepidoptera
Subordo: Glossata
Cladus: Coelolepida
Cladus: Myoglossata
Cladus: Neolepidoptera
Infraordo: Heteroneura
Cladus: Eulepidoptera
Cladus: Ditrysia
Cladus: Apoditrysia
Cladus: Obtectomera
Superfamilia: Papilionoidea

Familia: Nymphalidae
Subfamilia: Danainae
Tribus: Danaini
Subtribus: Euploeina
Genus: Idea
Species: Idea leuconoe
Subspecies: I. l. athesis – I. l. caesena – I. l. chersonesia – I. l. clara – I. l. enhania – I. l. esanga – I. l. fregela – I. l. godmani – I. l. gordita – I. l. javana – I. l. jumaloni – I. l. kwashotoensis – I. l. lasiaka – I. l. leuconoe – I. l. mentawaica – I. l. moira – I. l. natunensis – I. l. nigriana – I. l. obscura – I. l. princesa – I. l. samara – I. l. siamensis – I. l. sibutana – I. l. solyma – I. l. vedana – I. l. vicetia
Name

Idea leuconoe Erichson, 1834.

Type locality: Philippines, Luzon.

Holotype: tbc.
Synonymy

Idea leuconoe Erichson, 1834 Nova Acta Leop. Carol. 16 (Suppl. 1): 283, TL: Luzon.
Hestia leucothoe [sic] ; Butler, 1867, Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. (3) 5: 469 (missp.)
Hestia riukiuensis Holland, 1893 Ent. News 4 (10) : 337, pl. 15, f. 1, TL: Riukiu (Loochoo) Is.
missilia Fruhstorfer, 1910² in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9: 221.
Nectaria leuconoe nipponica Fruhstorfer, 1898 Berl. Ent. Zs. 42 (3/4) : 316.
kanamarui (Nomura, 1932) (Hestia) Mushi 4: 10, TL: Formosa.
takabanis (Nomura, 1932) (Hestia) Mushi 4: 13, TL: Formosa.
koshunus (Nomura, 1932) (Hestia) Mushi 4: 13.
Hestia leuconoe karimondjawae van Eecke, 1933 Zool. Meded. 16 (6): 62, TL: Karimon Djawa.
kodairai Sonan, 1936² Zephyrus 6 (3/4) : 206, TL: Formosa.
jacouleti (Watari, 1941) (Hestia) Zephyrus 9: 70, TL: Formosa.
littoralis Talbot, 1941 Trans. R. ent. Soc. Lond. 91: 113.
Idea leuconoë roepkei Nieuwenhuis, 1954 Tijdschr. Ent. 97: 137, TL: Gedong Biara Estate, Kuala SImpang, Atjeh Timur, NE.Sumatra.
Idea leuconoe kotoshoensis Murayama & Shimonoya, 1966 Tyô to Ga 15 (3/4) : 59, f. 11-12, TL: Kotosho, Formosa.
Idea (idea) leuconoe Erichson; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 229.

References

Erichson, W.F., 1834: Meyen's Beiträge zur Zoologie, gesammelt auf einer Reise um die Erde, und. W. Erichsons und H. Burmeisters Beschreibung and Abbildungen der auf dieser Reise gesammelten Insecten. Nova Acta Physico-Medica Academiae Caesareae-Leopoldino-Carolinae. Naturae Curiosorum 16, Suppl. 1, pp. 219-284, 41 color plates.
Hanafusa, H., 1993: A list of butterflies from Mentawai Islands, Indonesia. Futao 11: 1–13.
Treadaway, C.G. & H.G. Schroeder, 2003: Two new Philippine subspecies of the danaid Idea leuconoe Erichson (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Danainae). Futoa 42: 18–20.

Vernacular names
English: Rice Paper butterfly
日本語: オオゴマダラ
中文: 大帛斑蝶

Idea leuconoe, also known as the paper kite butterfly, rice paper butterfly, large tree nymph,[1] or in Australia the white nymph butterfly,[2] is a butterfly known especially for its presence in butterfly houses and live butterfly expositions. It has a wingspan of 12 to 14 cm. The paper kite is of Southeast Asian origin, but can also be found in Northern Australia and Southern Taiwan.

Larvae feed on Parsonsia species, Tylophora hispida, Parsonsia helicandra, Parsonsia spiralis, and Cynanchum formosanum[3] so both the butterfly and larvae are poisonous.

Description

The paper kite butterfly's forewings and hindwings are translucent silvery white with black spots, similar to the Idea lynceus.
Subspecies

Listed alphabetically:[3]

I. l. athesis Fruhstorfer, 1911
I. l. caesena Fruhstorfer, 1911
I. l. chersonesia (Fruhstorfer, 1898)
I. l. clara (Butler, 1867)
I. l. engania (Doherty, 1891)
I. l. esanga Fruhstorfer, 1898
I. l. fregela Fruhstorfer, 1911
I. l. godmani Oberthür, 1878
I. l. gordita Fruhstorfer, 1911
I. l. javana Fruhstorfer, 1896
I. l. kwashotoensis (Sonan, 1928)
I. l. lasiaka van Eecke, 1913
I. l. leuconoe Erichson, 1834
I. l. moira Fruhstorfer, 1910
I. l. natunensis Snellen, 1895
I. l. nigriana Grose-Smith, 1895
I. l. obscura Staudinger, 1889
I. l. princesa Staudinger, 1889
I. l. samara Fruhstorfer, 1910
I. l. siamensis (Godfrey, 1916)
I. l. solyma Fruhstorfer, 1910
I. l. vedana Fruhstorfer, 1906
I. l. vicetia Fruhstorfer, 1911

References

Cutler, David (2002). Butterflies and Moths (Second American ed.). London: Dorling Kindersley. ISBN 0-7894-8983-X.
Chew, W.-L.; Kodela, P.G. "Dendrocnide moroides". Flora of Australia. Australian Biological Resources Study, Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment: Canberra. Retrieved 12 June 2021.
"Idea Fabricius, 1807" at Markku Savela's Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms

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