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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Panorpida
Cladus: Amphiesmenoptera
Ordo: Lepidoptera
Subordo: Glossata
Cladus: Coelolepida
Cladus: Myoglossata
Cladus: Neolepidoptera
Infraordo: Heteroneura
Cladus: Eulepidoptera
Cladus: Ditrysia
Cladus: Apoditrysia
Cladus: Obtectomera
Superfamilia: Papilionoidea

Familia: Papilionidae
Subfamilia: Papilioninae
Tribus: Leptocircini
Genus: Iphiclides
Species (3): I. feisthamelii – I. podalirinus – I. podalirius


Iphiclides Hübner, 1819

Huang, R.-X. & S. Murayama, 1992: Butterflies of Xinjian Province, China. Tyô to Ga 43 (1): 1–22.

Vernacular names
中文: 旖鳳蝶屬

Iphiclides is a genus of butterflies of the family Papilionidae (swallowtails).


The genus was described by Jacob Hübner in 1819. It contains three species: Iphiclides podalirius, Iphiclides feisthamelii, and Iphiclides podalirinus.
I. podalirius

Iphiclides podalirius (Linnaeus, 1758), the scarce swallowtail, is found in gardens, fields and open woodlands. It is found in places with sloe thickets and particularly orchards. It is widespread throughout Europe with the exception of the northern parts. Its range extends northwards to Saxony and central Poland and eastwards across Asia Minor and Transcaucasia as far as the Arabian Peninsula, India, and western China. The scarce swallowtail is getting rarer as due to loss of habitat and food plants. It is protected by law in some European countries. It is considered rare or endangered in some provinces of Austria and of indeterminate status throughout Europe.
I. feisthamelii

Iphiclides feisthamelii (Duponchel, 1832), the southern swallowtail, is found on the Iberian Peninsula and in Northwest Africa. The southern swallowtail is sometimes considered a subspecies of I. podalirius.[1]
I. podalirinus

Iphiclides podalirinus (Oberthür, 1890), the Chinese scarce swallowtail, is a little-known species occurring in China, that was also previously considered a subspecies of I. podalirius. It is not known to be threatened but more data is required on this butterfly.


Collins, N. Mark; Morris, Michael G. (1985). Threatened Swallowtail Butterflies of the World: The IUCN Red Data Book. Gland & Cambridge: IUCN. ISBN 978-2-88032-603-6 – via Biodiversity Heritage Library.

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