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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Paraneoptera
Superordo: Condylognatha
Ordo: Hemiptera
Subordo: Auchenorrhyncha
Infraordo: Cicadomorpha
Superfamilia: Membracoidea

Familia: Cicadellidae
Subfamilia: Ledrinae
Tribus (7): Afrorubrini – Hespenedrini – Ledrini – Rubrini – Stenocotini – Thymbrini – Xerophloeini
Overview of genera (64)

Afrorubria – Alseis – Anacotis – ArenoledraBeniledraChatura – Complanledra – Confucius – Destinia – Destinoides – Dusuna – Eleazara – Elongationa – Epipsychidion – Ezrana – Funkikonia – Hackeriana – Hangklipia – Hespenedra – Jukaruka – Kuohledra – Kyphocotis – Kyphoctella – Laticorona – Latycephala – Ledra – Ledracotis – Ledraprora – Ledrella – Ledromorpha – Ledropsella – Ledropsis – Macroceps – Macrotrichia – Microledrella – Midoria – Mitelloides – Neotituria – Novothymbris – Paraconfucius – Parapetalocephala – Pariacaca – Petalocephala – Petalocephaloides – Piezauchenia – Platyledra – Porcorhinus – Proranus – Putoniessa – Putoniessiella – Rhotidoides – Rhotidus – Rubria – Sichaea – Smicrocotis – Stenalsella – Stenocotis – Thlasia – Thymbrella – Thymbris – Titiella – Tituria – Xedreota – Xerophloea
Name

Ledrinae Kirschbaum, 1868
References

C. H. Dietrich, 2005, Florida Entomologist 88 (4): 502–517 [1]
Evans, J.W. 1969: Characteristics and components of Ledrinae and some new genera and new species from Australia and New Guinea (Homoptera: Cicadellidae). Pacific insects, 11(3-4): 735–754. full article (PDF) Reference page.
Jones, J.R.; Deitz, L.L. 2009: Phylogeny and systematics of the leafhopper subfamily Ledrinae (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae). Zootaxa, 2186: 1–120. Abstract & excerpt PDF

Links

Ledrinae - Taxon details in World Auchenorrhyncha Database

Ledrinae is a relatively small subfamily within the very large and diverse leafhopper family Cicadellidae. Originally placed in its own family, the "Ledridae",[1] it is based on the type genus Ledra.

Description
A nymph from southern India showing the typical flat form

The Ledrinae are mostly green or brown with a flattened body and tibiae. The ocelli are located near the crown and the forewings have a dense network of veins.
Tribes and Genera

The subfamily contains around 500 species which are divided into 5 to 7 tribes depending on the taxonomy followed. A 2009 revision treats the subfamily as having five tribes. The Afrorubrini are found only in southern Africa with 2 genera; the Hespenedrini has a single genus in Chile; Rubrini with a single genus in Australia; and two larger tribes that have a more widespread distribution, especially the Ledrini. Altogether there are more than 40 genera and around 14 others which are not well-placed.[2]

Genera considered members of the subfamily Ledrinae are listed below; Biolib.cz[3] currently lists seven tribes.
Afrorubrini

An African tribe, created by Jones in 2009 and consist of two genera:[4]

Afrorubria Linnavuori, 1972 c g
Sichaea Stål, 1866

Ledrini
Ledra aurita

The largest tribe (including Petalocephalini[2]), in number of genera, was originally erected by Fairmaire in 1855 and includes the following genera:[5]

Bascarrhinus Fowler, 1898 c g
Beniledra Linnavuori, 1972 c g
Betsileonas Kirkaldy, 1903 c g
Camptelasmus Spinola, 1850
Chatura Distant, 1908
Cololedra Evans, 1969
Confucius Distant, 1907
Destinia Nast, 1952
Destinoides Cai & He, 2000
Dusuna Distant, 1907
Eleazara Distant, 1908
Eogypona Kirkaldy, 1901
Epiclinata Metcalf, 1952
Ezrana Distant, 1908
Funkikonia Katô, 1931
Hangklipia Linnavuori, 1972
Hemipeltis Spinola, 1850
Jukaruka Distant, 1907
Latycephala McKamey, 2006
Ledra Fabricius, 1803
Ledracorrhis Evans, 1959
Ledromorpha Stål, 1864
Ledropsella Evans, 1966
Ledropsis White, 1844
Macrotrichia Zhang, Sun & Dai, 2009
Midoria Katô, 1931
Neotituria Kato, 1932
Pachyledra Schumacher, 1912
Parapetalocephala Katô, 1931
Petalocephala Stål, 1854
Petalocephaloides Kato, 1931
Platyjassites† Hamilton, 1990
Platyledra Evans, 1936
Porcorhinus Goding, 1903
Stenoledra Evans, 1954
Thlasia Germar, 1836
Titiella Bergroth, 1920
Tituria Stål, 1865
Turitia Schumacher, 1912

Monotypic Tribes

Hespenedra Kramer, 1966 (tribe Hespenedrini)
Rubria Stål, 1865 c g (tribe Rubrini)

Stenocotini

Anacotis Evans, 1937 c g
Kyphocotis Kirkaldy, 1906 c g
Kyphoctella Evans, 1966 c g
Ledracotis Evans, 1937 c g
Smicrocotis Kirkaldy, 1906 c g
Stenocotis Stål, 1854 c g

Thymbrini

This tribe was erected by Evans in 1936; Biolib lists the following genera:[6]

Alseis Kirkaldy, 1907 c g
Epipsychidion (insect) Kirkaldy, 1906
Hackeriana Evans, 1937 c g
Ledraprora Evans, 1937 c g
Ledrella Evans, 1937 c g
Macroceps Signoret, 1879 c g
Microledrella Evans, 1969 c g
Mitelloides Evans, 1939 c g
Novothymbris Evans, 1941 c g
Platyhynna Berg, 1884 c g
Putoniessa Kirkaldy, 1907 c g
Putoniessiella Evans, 1969 c g
Rhotidoides Evans, 1937 c g
Rhotidus Walker, 1862 c g
Putoniessa Kirkaldy, 1907 c g
Putoniessiella Evans, 1969 c g
Rhotidoides Evans, 1937 c g
Rhotidus Walker, 1862 c g
Stenalsella Evans, 1966 c g
Thymbrella Evans, 1969 c g
Thymbris Kirkaldy, 1907 c g

Xerophloeini
Xerophloea viridis

This tribe was erected by Oman in 1943; Biolib lists five genera:[7]

Pariacaca Szwedo, 2002 c g
Piezauchenia Spinola, 1850 c g
Proranus Spinola, 1850 c g
Xedreota c g
Xerophloea Germar, 1839 c g b

Data sources: i = ITIS,[8] c = Catalogue of Life,[9] g = GBIF,[10] b = Bugguide.net[11]

Note: Platyhynna Berg, 1884 c g is now placed in the tribe Hyalojassini (in the family Cicadellidae).
Gallery

References

Kirschbaum (1867) Jahrb. nassau. Ver. Naturk., 21/22: 14; in: Melville RV, Smith JDD (1987)
Jones, J. R.; Deitz, L. L. (2009). "Phylogeny and systematics of the leafhopper subfamily Ledrinae (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae)" (PDF). Zootaxa. 2186: 1–120.
"biolib.cz, subfamily Ledrinae". Retrieved 21 February 2020.
Biolib.cz: tribus Afrorubrini Jones, 2009 (retrieved 21 February 2020)
Biolib.cz: tribus Ledrini Fairmaire, 1855 (retrieved 21 February 2020)
Biolib.cz: tribus Thymbrini Evans, 1936 (retrieved 22 February 2020)
Biolib.cz: tribus Xerophloeini Oman, 1943 (retrieved 21 February 2020)
"ITIS, Integrated Taxonomic Information System". Retrieved 2018-05-13.
"Macrosiphoniella millefolii species details". Catalogue of Life. Retrieved 2018-05-13.
"Macrosiphoniella millefolii". GBIF. Retrieved 2018-05-13.
"Macrosiphoniella millefolii Species Information". BugGuide.net. Retrieved 2018-05-13.

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