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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Cladus: Odonatoptera
Cladus: Holodonata
Ordo: Odonata
Subordo: Epiprocta
Infraordo: Anisoptera
Superfamilia: Libelluloidea

Familia: Libellulidae
Subfamilia: Libellulinae
Genus: Libellula
Species: L. angelina – L. auripennis – L. axilena – L. coahuiltecana – L. comanche – L. composita – L. croceipennis – L. cyanea – L. depressa – L. doris – L. flavida – L. foliata – L. forensis – L. fulva – L. gaigei – L. herculea – L. incesta – L. jesseana – L. luctuosaL. lydia – L. mariae – L. melli – L. needhami – L. nodisticta – L. pulchella – . quadrimaculataL. saturata – L. semifasciata – L. vibrans

Name

Libellula Linnaeus, 1758
References

Libellula Linnaeus, 1758 – Taxon details on Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS).
Libellula Linnaeus, 1758 Taxon details on Fauna Europaea
Carle, F.L. & Kjer, K.M. 2002: Phylogeny of Libellula Linnaeus (Odonata: Insecta). Zootaxa 87(1): 1–18. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.87.1.1 Paywall. Reference page.
Garrison, R.W., 1992: Libellula mariae spec. nov., a new dragonfly from Costa Rica (Anisoptera: Libellulidae). Odonatologica '21(1): 85–89. Online.
Ortega-Salas, H. & González-Soriano, E. 2015. A new species of Libellula Linnaeus, 1758, from the Cuatro Ciénegas basin, Coahuila, México (Anisoptera: Libellulidae). Zootaxa 4028(4): 589–594. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4028.4.10. Preview (PDF) Reference page.

Vernacular names
English: Skimmers or Perchers
español: Libélulas
日本語: ヨツボシトンボ属

Libellula is a genus of dragonflies, commonly called skimmers, in the family Libellulidae, distributed throughout the temperate zone of the Northern Hemisphere. Most species are found in the United States, where they are the best-known large dragonflies, often seen flying over freshwater ponds in summer.[1] Many have showy wing patterns.[2]

Overview

The taxa Ladona (corporals) and Plathemis (whitetails) have been considered as synonyms of Libellula, subgenera, or separate genera by different authorities. Recent phylogenetic analysis has supported their status as either subgenera or full genera.[3][4]
Species

List of species.[5]
Extant Species

Male Female Scientific name Common Name Distribution
Bekkohtombo0905.jpg Libellula angelina DSC 6755.jpg Libellula angelina Selys, 1883 North China, Japan
Golden-winged Skimmer. Libellula auripennis (37984929001).jpg Libellula auripennis P1010310a.jpg Libellula auripennis Burmeister, 1839 golden-winged skimmer North and Central America
Bar-winged Skimmer (male) - Libellula axilena, Bles Park, Ashburn, Virginia - 7680753076.jpg Bar-winged Skimmer female poss. Libellula axilena (38788407721).jpg Libellula axilena Westwood, 1837 bar-winged skimmer North America
Comanche Skimmer - Libellula comanche, Bitter Lakes National Wildlife Refuge, Roswell, New Mexico - 7300107892.jpg Libellula comanche Calvert, 1907 Comanche skimmer Central America and North America
Libellula composita 20626003.jpg Libellula composita (Hagen, 1873) bleached skimmer North America.
SKIMMER, NEON (Libellula croceipennis) (9-20-10) pat lake state park, scc, az -06 (5010026362).jpg LibellulaCroceipennis 6489.JPG Libellula croceipennis Selys, 1869 neon skimmer North and Central America
Spangled Skimmer - Libellula cyanea, Mason Neck West, Mason Neck, Virginia - 27244000450.jpg Spangled Skimmer - Libellula cyanea (5809462162).jpg Libellula cyanea Fabricius, 1775 spangled skimmer United States of America
Broad-bodied chaser dragonfly (Libellula depressa) male.jpg Broad-bodied chaser (Libellula depressa) female.jpg Libellula depressa Linnaeus, 1758 broad-bodied chaser Europe, West Asia. Sometimes included in the genus Ladona.
Yellow-sided Skimmer - Libellula flavida, Patuxent National Wildlife Refuge, Maryland.jpg Libellula flavida Rambur, 1842 yellow-sided skimmer North America
Libellula foliata (Kirby, 1889) Mexico (Chiapas)
Eight-spotted Skimmer 01.jpg Eight-spotted Skimmer.jpg Libellula forensis Hagen, 1861 eight-spotted skimmer Western United States and Canada
LibellulaFulvaMale3.jpg Scarce chaser (Libellula fulva) immature female 1.jpg Libellula fulva Müller, 1764 scarce chaser Europe
Libellula gaigei Gloyd, 1938 Red-mantled Skimmer Mexico, United States(Texas)
Libellula herculea 43250345.jpg Hercules Skimmer (Libellula herculea) female (38834618900).jpg Libellula herculea Karsch, 1889 Hercules Skimmer Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Belize, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, Paraguay, El Salvador, and Venezuela
Slaty Skimmer - Flickr - treegrow.jpg Libellula incesta P1160990a.jpg Libellula incesta Hagen, 1861 slaty skimmer eastern United States and southern Ontario, Quebec, and New Brunswick.
Libellula jesseana gaudettelaura 19138517.jpg Libellula jesseana Williamson, 1922 purple skimmer United States (Florida)
Widow Skimmer (2671910115).jpg 6. Widow skimmer (Libellula luctuosa), female, Houston County.jpg Libellula luctuosa Burmeister, 1839 widow skimmer United States, Canada (southern Ontario and Quebec).
Libellula mariae Garrison, 1992 Maria's Skimmer Costa Rica
Libellula melli Schmidt, 1948 China
Needham's Skimmer Male - Flickr - treegrow (1).jpg Needham's Skimmer - Libellula needhami, Hidden Pond, Meadowwood SRMA, Va. - 5897894162.jpg Libellula needhami Westfall, 1943 Needham's skimmer Caribbean, Central America, and North America.
SKIMMER, HOARY (libellula nodisticta) fem, cerro alto north ridge -5 (2579113944).jpg Libellula nodisticta Hagen, 1861 hoary skimmer Central America, North America, and South America.
Libellula pontica Selys, 1887 red chaser Armenia, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kyrgyzstan, Syria, Turkey
Twelve Spotted Skimmer (Libellula Pulchella).jpg Twelve-spotted Skimmer (Libellula pulchella), Ottawa.jpg Libellula pulchella Drury, 1773 twelve-spotted skimmer southern Canada and contiguous U.S. states.
Four-spotted Chaser (Libellula quadrimaculata) - Oslo, Norway 2020-08-04 (01).jpg Vierfleck (48007355777).jpg Libellula quadrimaculata Linnaeus, 1758 four-spotted skimmer or four-spotted chaser Europe and North America
Dragonfly Flame Skimmer 1.jpg SKIMMER, FLAME (Libellula saturata) (7-21-12) harshaw road, patagonia mts, scc, az -01 (7618191574).jpg Libellula saturata Uhler, 1857 flame skimmer Southwestern United States
Painted Skimmer dragonfly (5877415961).jpg Painted Skimmer - Libellula semifasciata, Patuxent National Wildlife Refuge, Laurel, Maryland - 9073469548.jpg Libellula semifasciata Burmeister, 1839 painted skimmer New Brunswick, Canada as far south as Texas and Florida.
Great Blue Skimmer - Libellula vibrans, Leesylvania State Park, Woodbridge, Virginia - 7478444944.jpg Great Blue Skimmer, Libellula vibrans, old female (25117300107).jpg Libellula vibrans Fabricius, 1793 great blue skimmer eastern United States

Ladona

Male Female Scientific name Common Name Distribution
Blue Corporal - Ladona deplanata, Meadowwood BMA, Virginia - 6849901205.jpg Blue Corporal - Ladona deplanata, Meadowood SRMA, Mason Neck, Virginia.jpg Ladona deplanata (Rambur, 1842) blue corporal eastern United States.
White corporal (34649656694).jpg Ladona exusta (Say, 1839) white corporal Mid-Atlantic and New England
Libelle 7 db.jpg Chalk-fronted Corporal, female juvenile, side-view, Magnetawan River.jpg Ladona julia (Uhler, 1857) chalk-fronted corporal northern United States and southern Canada.

Plathemis

Male Female Scientific name Common Name Distribution
Common Whitetail (4358417460).jpg Common Whitetail Female - Flickr - treegrow.jpg Plathemis lydia (Drury, 1770) common whitetail or long-tailed skimmer North America
Desert Whitetail - Plathemis subornata, Bitter Lakes National Wildlife Refuge, Roswell, New Mexico - 7299714954.jpg Plathemis subornata (Hagen, 1861) desert whitetail United States (Arizona, California, Colorado, Delaware, Kansas, New Mexico, Oregon, Texas, U.S. Virgin Islands, and Washington.), Mexico

Fossils

Libellula brodieri† [6]
Libellula calypso† [6]
Libellula doris †[6]
Libellula eusebioi† [6]
Libellula kieseli† [6]
Libellula martini† [6]
Libellula melobasis†
Libellula pannewitziana† [6]
Libellula perse† [6]
Libellula sieboldiana† [6]
Libellula thetis† [6]
Libellula thoe† [6]
Libellula ukrainensis† [6]

References

"Libellula". Mindat.org. Hudson Institute of Mineralogy.
Needham, James G.; Minter J. Westfall Jr; Michael L. May (2000). Dragonflies of North America (rev. ed.). Gainesville, FL: Scientific Publishers. pp. 700–702. ISBN 0-945417-94-2.
Artiss T, Schultz TR, Polhemus DA, Simon C (2001). "Molecular phylogenetic analysis of the dragonfly genera Libellula, Ladona, and Plathemis (Odonata: Libellulidae) based on mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase I and 16S rRNA sequence data". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 18 (3): 348–61. doi:10.1006/mpev.2000.0867. PMID 11277629.
Kambhampati, Srinivas; Charlton, Ralph E. (1999). "Phylogenetic relationship among Libellula, Ladona and Plathemis (Odonata: Libellulidae) based on DNA sequence of mitochondrial 16S rRNA gene". Systematic Entomology. 24 (1): 37–49. doi:10.1046/j.1365-3113.1999.00066.x.
Libellula, funet.fi
The Paleobiology Database

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