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Maladera Insanabilis

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Coleopterida
Ordo: Coleoptera
Subordo: Polyphaga
Infraordo: Scarabaeiformia
Superfamilia: Scarabaeoidea

Familia: Scarabaeidae
Subfamilia: Melolonthinae
Tribus: Sericini
Genus: Maladera
Species: Maladera insanabilis
Name

Maladera insanabilis (Brenske, 1894)

Synonyms

Maladera matrida Argaman, 1986

References

Ahrens, D. 2000: Sericinae (Coleoptera: Scarabaeoidea: Melolonthidae) of Arabia. Fauna of Arabia, 18: 177–210. [not seen]
Argaman, Q. 1986: Maladera matrida, a new Scarabaeidea in Israel. Shapirit, 4: 41–46 [in Hebrew], 67–68. [English summary] [not seen]
Argaman, Q. 1990: Redescription of Maladera matrida (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Melolonthinae). Israel journal of entomology, 24: 21–27. [not seen]
Falach, L.; Shani, A. 2000: Trapping efficiency and sex ratio of Maladera matrida beetles in yellow and black traps. Journal of chemical ecology, 26(11): 2619–2624. DOI: 10.1023/A:1005597031681

Maladera insanabilis, sometimes colloquially called "Khomeini beetle", is a species of a beetle in the family Scarabaeidae. It is prevalent in Iran and other countries in the Middle-East.

Adults are active in the summer and in the spring. Males can be seen flying at night searching for females, and their attraction to light makes them a common household pest. Adults range in length from 7 to 9 mm and possess a brownish-red color.

Diet

The adult diet consists of leaves, buds and flowers of several plants like roses, sweet potato and citrus trees. The female lays between 60 and 100 eggs on the soil in clusters. The larval forms of M. insanabilis live underground. Their diet consists of roots and may cause serious damage to crops like sweet potato.
Introduction to Israeli ecosystem and origin of name

The species was originally first described from India in 1894. It was dispersed to Iran in the 1960s, while it reached Israel in the 1980s. It is believed that a number of specimens arrived on shipments of pistachios and oil that were brought from Iran. Unaware that this beetle was already well-known elsewhere, an Israeli researcher mistakenly renamed it Maladera matrida, the new scientific name reflecting the nuisance it brings: "matrida" "מטרידה" means "bothersome" in Hebrew.[1] Due to its Iranian origin and brown color ("חום khoom" in Hebrew), it is colloquially named 'Khomeini' after Iranian politician Ruhollah Khomeini, spiritual leader of Iran at the time the insect began spreading in Israel.[2] Currently this invasive species is distributed in the Arabian peninsula and northern Africa as well.
See also

Wildlife in Israel

References

Rinat, Zafrir (2010-09-02). "Meet the Khomeini Beetle (And Other Israeli Insects) - in New Pocket Guide". Haaretz.
Scarabs of the Levant

Insects Images

Biology Encyclopedia

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