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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Ordo: Orthoptera
Subordo: Caelifera
Infraordo: Acrididea
Superfamilia: Acridoidea

Familia: Acrididae
Subfamilia: Melanoplinae
Tribus: Melanoplini
Genera (19): AeoloplidesAgroecotettixAptenopedes – Cephalotettix – ChloroplusEotettix – Floridacris – FloritettixHesperotettixHypochloraMelanoplus – Necaxacris – Netrosoma – OedaleonotusParoxyaPhaedrotettix – Philocleon – Phoetaliotes – Sinaloa

Melanoplini Scudder, 1897

Type genus: Melanoplus Stål, 1873

Scudder, S.H. 1897: Proc. U.S. Nation. Mus. 20(1124): 1–421.
Rehn, J.A.G. & Randell. 1963: Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 115: 8.
Otte, D. 1995: Orthoptera Species File, 4: 347.


Melanoplini is a tribe of spur-throated grasshoppers in the family Acrididae. There are about 19 genera and more than 200 described species in Melanoplini, all in North America.[1][2] Their biogeography shows that many species in the tribe have descendants from the Eocene epoch and Miocene epoch. [3]
Phoetaliotes nebrascensis

These 19 genera belong to the tribe Melanoplini:[1]

Aeoloplides Caudell, 1916 i c g b
Agroecotettix Bruner, 1908 i c g b
Aptenopedes Scudder, 1878 i c g b
Cephalotettix Scudder, 1897 c g
Chloroplus Hebard, 1918 i c g b
Eotettix Scudder, 1897 i c g b
Floridacris Otte, 2014 c g
Floritettix Otte, 2014 c g
Hesperotettix Scudder, 1876 i c g b
Hypochlora Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1893 i c g b
Melanoplus Stål, 1873 i c g b
Necaxacris Roberts, 1939 c g
Netrosoma Scudder, 1897 c g b
Oedaleonotus Scudder, 1897 i c g b
Paroxya Scudder, 1877 i c g b
Phaedrotettix Scudder, 1897 i c g b
Philocleon Scudder, 1897 c g b
Phoetaliotes Scudder, 1897 i c g b
Sinaloa Scudder, 1897 i c g

Data sources: i = ITIS,[4] c = Catalogue of Life,[5] g = GBIF,[6] b =[2]

Otte, Daniel; Cigliano, Maria Marta; Braun, Holger; Eades, David C. (2018). "Orthoptera species file online, Version 5.0". Retrieved 2018-12-29.
"Melanoplini Tribe Information". Retrieved 2018-12-29.
Chintauan-Marquier, Ioana (2011). "Evolutionary history and taxonomy of a short-horned grasshopper subfamily: The melanoplinae (orthoptera: Acrididae)". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 58 (1): 22–32. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2010.07.003. PMID 20643218. Retrieved April 10, 2019.
"ITIS, Integrated Taxonomic Information System". Retrieved 2018-12-29.
"Catalogue of Life". Retrieved 2018-12-29.

"GBIF". Retrieved 2018-12-29.

Further reading

Bland, Roger (2003). The Orthoptera of Michigan: Biology, Keys, and Descriptions of Grasshoppers, Katydids, and Crickets. Michigan State University Extension. ISBN 978-1565250178.
Capinera, J.L; Scott, R.D.; Walker, T.J. (2004). Field Guide to Grasshoppers, Katydids, and Crickets of the United States. Cornell University Press. ISBN 978-0-8014-8948-8.
Otte, Daniel (1997). Poole, Robert W.; Gentili, Patricia (eds.). Orthoptera. Nomina Insecta Nearctica: A Check List of the Insects of North America. Vol. 4: Non–Holometabolous Orders. Entomological Information Services. pp. 581–634. ISBN 1-889002-04-6.

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