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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Hymenopterida
Ordo: Hymenoptera
Subordo: Apocrita
Superfamilia: Apoidea

Familia: Apidae
Subfamilia: Apinae
Tribus: Meliponini
Genus: Melipona
Subgenera: M. (Eomelipona) – M. (Melikerria) – M. (Melipona) – M. (Michmelia)
Species (40): M. asilvae – M. beecheii – M. bicolor – M. bicolor schencki – M. capixaba – M. compressipes – M. compressipes manaosensis – M. compressipes fasciculata – M. costaricensis – M. cripta – M. crinita – M. eburnea – M. fasciata – M. fasciculata – M. favosa – M. flavolineata – M. fuscipes – M. fuscopilosa – M. fuliginosa – M. interrupta – M. mandacaia – M. marginata – M. melanoventer – M. mimetica – M. mondury – M. nebulosa – M. obscurior – M. panamica – M. quadrifasciata – M. quadrifasciata anthidioides – M. quinquefasciata – M. ruficrus – M. rufiventris – M. rufiventris paraensis – M. scutellaris – M. seminigra – M. seminigra merrillae – M. subnitida – M. yucatanica – M. varia

Stingless bee 3, f, side, peru 2014-07-30-13.17.15 ZS PMax (15839098322)

References

Schwarz, H.F. 1932. The genus Melipona: The type genus of the Meliponidae or stingless bees. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 63: 231-460, pls. I-X.

Melipona is a genus of stingless bees, widespread in warm areas of the Neotropics, from Sinaloa and Tamaulipas (México) to Tucumán and Misiones (Argentina). About 70 species are known.[1] The largest producer of honey from Melipona bees in Mexico is in the state of Yucatán where bees are studied at an interactive park called "Bee Planet" which is within the Cuxtal Ecological Reserve.[2]

Several species are kept for honey production, such as in Brazil, where some are well-known enough to have common names, including uruçu, mandaçaia, jandaíra, and manduri. Melipona honey has long been used by humans and now is of minor commercial importance. Research is going on in improved beekeeping techniques.

Subtaxa

The following are some proposed subtaxa of Melipona, although they are not yet widely used.[3]

Eomelipona
Melikerria
Melipona (sensu stricto)
Michmelia

Selected taxa

The genus includes the following species:[3]

Melipona amazonica (Schulz, 1905)
Melipona asilvai (Moure, 1971)
Melipona baeri (Vachal, 1904)
Melipona beecheii (Bennett, 1831)
Melipona belizeae (Schwarz, 1932)
Melipona bicolor (Lepeletier, 1836) – guarupu, guaraipo
Melipona boliviana (Schwarz, 1932)
Melipona brachychaeta (Moure, 1950)
Melipona bradleyi (Schwarz, 1932) (Melipona illustris (Schwarz, 1932))
Melipona capixaba (Moure & Camargo, 1995)
Melipona captiosa (Moure, 1962)
Melipona carrikeri (Cockerell, 1919)
Melipona colimana (Ayala, 1999)
Melipona compressipes (Fabricius, 1804) – tiúba
Melipona compressipes manaosensis – jupará
Melipona costaricaensis (Cockerell, 1919)
Melipona cramptoni (Cockerell, 1920)
Melipona crinita (Moure & Kerr, 1950)
Melipona dubia (Moure & Kerr, 1950)
Melipona eburnea (Friese, 1900)
Melipona fasciata (Latreille, 1811)
Melipona fasciculata (Smith, 1854)
Melipona favosa (Fabricius, 1798)
Melipona fuliginosa (Lepeletier, 1836)
Melipona flavolineata (Friese, 1900)
Melipona fulva (Lepeletier, 1836)
Melipona fuscata (Lepeletier, 1836)
Melipona fuscopilosa (Moure & Kerr, 1950)
Melipona fuscipes (Latreille, 1811)
Melipona grandis (Guérin-Méneville, 1844)
Melipona illota (Cockerell, 1919)
Melipona indecisa (Cockerell, 1919)
Melipona interrupta (Latreille, 1811) – jandaíra
Melipona lateralis (Erichson, 1848)
Melipona lupitae (Ayala, 1999)
Melipona mandacaia (Smith, 1863)
Melipona marginata (Lepeletier, 1836) – manduri, manduri menor, mandurim, minduri, gurupu-do-miúdo, taipeira
Melipona melanopleura (Cockerell, 1919)
Melipona melanoventer (Schwarz, 1932)
Melipona merrillae (Cockerell, 1919)
Melipona micheneri (Schwarz, 1951)
Melipona mimetica (Cockerell, 1914)
Melipona mondury (Smith, 1863)
Melipona nebulosa (Camargo, 1988)
Melipona nigrescens (Friese, 1900)
Melipona obscurior (Moure, 1971)
Melipona ogilviei (Schwarz, 1932)
Melipona orbignyi (Guérin-Méneville, 1844)
Melipona panamica (Cockerell, 1919)
Melipona paraensis (Ducke, 1916)
Melipona peruviana (Friese, 1900)
Melipona puncticollis (Friese, 1902)
Melipona quadrifasciata (Lepeletier, 1836) – mandaçaia, amanaçaia, manaçaia, "uruçu"
M. q. anthidioides
Melipona quinquefasciata (Lepeletier, 1836) – mandaçaia-da-terra, mandaçaia-do-chão, uruçu-do-chão
Melipona rufescens (Friese, 1900 )
Melipona ruficrus – irapuá
Melipona rufiventris (Lepeletier, 1836) – uruçu-amarela, tuiuva, tujuba, bugia
M. r. paraensis – uruçu-boca-de-ralo
Melipona salti (Schwarz, 1932)
Melipona schwarzi (Moure, 1963)
Melipona scutellaris (Latreille, 1811) – uruçu-nordestina, "uruçu"
Melipona seminigra (Friese, 1903)
M. s. atrofulva
M. s. abunensis
M. s. merrillae – boca-de-renda
M. s. pernigra
Melipona solani (Cockerell, 1912)
Melipona subnitida (Ducke, 1911) – jandaíra
Melipona titania (Gribodo, 1893)
Melipona torrida (Friese, 1917)
Melipona triplaridis (Cockerell, 1925)
Melipona tumupasae (Schwarz, 1932)
Melipona variegatipes (Gribodo, 1893)
M. v. lautipes
Melipona yucatanica (Camargo, Moure & Roubik, 1988)

See also

Stingless bee
List of stingless bees of Brazil
Melittology
Bees and toxic chemicals
Trigona, another genus of stingless bees

References
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Melipona.
Wikispecies has information related to Melipona.

Grüter, C. 2020. Stingless Bees: Their Behaviour, Ecology and Evolution. Springer Nature, 385 pp.
Martinez, Veronica (6 November 2013). "Abrió sus puertas el parque interactivo "Abeja Planet"" (in Spanish). Mérida, Mexico: Por Esto!. Archived from the original on 18 May 2015. Retrieved 9 May 2015.
Pedro, Silvia R. M. (2014). "The Stingless Bee Fauna In Brazil (Hymenoptera: Apidae)". Sociobiology. 61 (4): 348–354. doi:10.13102/sociobiology.v61i4.348-354.

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