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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Ordo: Coleoptera
Subordo: Polyphaga
Infraordo: Scarabaeiformia
Superfamilia: Scarabaeoidea

Familia: Scarabaeidae
Subfamilia: Melolonthinae
Tribus (31 + 1†): Ablaberini - Acomini - Athliini - Automoliini - Chasmatopterini - Chnaunanthini - Colymbomorphini - Comophorinini - Cretomelolonthini - Dichelonychini - Diphucephalini - Diphycerini - Diplotaxini - Euchirini - Heteronychini - Hopliini - Langbianellini - Lichniini - Liparetrini - Macrodactylini - Maechidiini - Melolonthini - Oncerini - Pachypodini - Pachytrichini - Phobetusini - Phyllotocidiini - Podolasiini - Scitalini - Sericini - Sericoidini - Stethaspini - Systellopini - Tanyproctini - Warwickiini - †Cretomelolonthini
[sources: Bouchard (2011), Smith (2006)]

Genera (866):
A

Ablabera – Ablaberoides – Acheilo – Achelyna – Achloa – Achranoxia – Acylochilus – Adoretops – Adossa – Aegostheta – Aethiaratrogus – Afrolepis – Agaocnemis – Aglaphyra – Alaia – Aliaclitopa – Allara – Allokotarsa – Allophyllus – Allothnonius – Alogistotarsa – Alvarinus – Amadotrogus – Amblonoxia – Amblymelanoplia – Amiserica – Amorphochelus – Amphimallon – Amphitrichia – Ampliodactylus – Anacanthodes – Anahi – Anamatochoranus – Anartioschiza – Ancistrosoma – Ancylonyx – Anenaria – Aneucomides – Anisochelus – Anisonyx – Anisopholis – Anomalochela – Anomalochilus – Anomalophylla – Anomioserica – Anomolyna – Anomonyx – Anoplosiagum – Anoxia – Anoxoides – Antandroyanus – Anthotocus – Anthrencya – Antitrochalus – Antitrogus – Aphaenoserica – Aphanesia – Apicencya – Aplidia – Aplopsis – Apogonia – Aposchiza – Apotriodonta – Apterodemidea – Archeohomaloplia – Archocamenta – Archoserica – Argoplia – Asactopholis – Asaphomorpha – Asiactenius – Asophrops – Astaena – Astaenoplia – Asthenopholis – Astibicola – Atanyproctus – Athesphatoplia – Athlia – Atysilla – Aulacoschiza – Aulacoserica – Aulanota – Automolius – Autoserica –
B

Balbera – Barybas – Beckhoplia – Beriqua – Bilga – Biphyllocera – Bisencya – Bizanus – Blanchardoplia – Blebea – Blepharotoma – Blikana – Brachylepis – Brachyllus – Brachymis – Brachypholis – Brahmina – Brenskeiella – Brittonius – Buettikeria – Bunbunius – Burmeisteriellus – Burmeistoplia – Butozania – Byrrhomorpha – Byrsalepis –
C

Caesariatoplia – Callabonica – Calliferoplia – Calloserica – Calodactylus – Camenta – Camentoserica – Camerounophylla – Camerunopholis – Campylophyllus – Campylotrochalus – Canestera – Canudema – Canuschiza – Carlschoenherria – Castanochilus – Castelnauphylla – Catrachia – †Ceafornotensis – Cephaloncheres – Cephaloschiza – Ceramida – Ceraspis – Ceratochelus – Ceratogonia – Ceratolontha – Chaetocosmetes – Chariochilus – Chariodactylus – Chariodema – Charioserica – Chasmatopterus – Chasme – Chaunocolus – Cheilo – Cheiragra – Cheirodontus – Cheirora – Cherbezatina – Cheronia – Chilenopilus – Chilodiplus – Chiloschiza – Chilotrogus – Chioneosoma – Chnaunanthus – Chrysoserica – Clania – Clavipalpus – Clitopa – Clomecyra – Clypeasta – Clypeolontha – Clypeoserica – Cnemoschiza – Cocherellus – Cochinchidema – Cochliotis – Cochliotodes – Coega – Coelogenia – Coenonycha – Colobostoma – Colpochelyne – Colpochila – Colpochilodes – Colymbomorpha – Comaserica – Comatapogonia – Comencya – Commaladera – Comophorina – Comoramorphochelus – Compsodactylus – Conebius – Coniopholis – Conioserica – Corynoserica – Costelytra – Crepischiza – Cryptotrogus – Ctenotis – Cubidens – Cunderdinia – Cyclomera – Cylichnus – Cylindrocrates – Cyphochilus – Cyphonotus – Cyphonoxia – Cyphoserica – Cyrtocamenta – Cyrtotrochalus –
D

Dasylepida – Dasytrogus – Dasyus – Debutina – Decellophylla – Dechambrophylla – Dedalopterus – Delphinobius – Dentatoplia – Denticnema – Dentiheterochelus – Dermolepida – Deroserica – Diaclaspus – Diacucephalus – Diaphoroserica – Diaphylla – Diaplochelus – Dicentrines – Dichecephala – Dichelhoplia – Dichelomorpha – Dichelonyx – Dicheloschema – Dichelus – Dicrania – Dicranocnemus – Dihymenonyx – Dikellites – Dilatatoplia – Dinacoma – Dinamoraza – Dinarobina – Diphucephala – Diphycerus – Diphyodactylus – Diplotaxis – Diplotropis – Djadjoua – Djafouna – Doleroserica – Dolerotarsa – Dolichiomicroscelis – Dolichoplia – Doxocalia – Dysphanochila –
E

Echrya – Echyra – Ectinohoplia – Eideria – Elaphocera – Elaphocerella – Embrithoplia – Empecamenta – Empecta – Empectida – Empectoides – Emphania – Empycastes – Enamillus – Enaria – Encya – Engertia – Engistanoxia – Engyopsina – Enthora – Entypophana – Entyposis – Eotrichia – Epholcis – Epicaulis – Epipholis – Ercomoana – Eremoplia – Eremotrogus – Eriesthis – Erigavo – Eriphoserica – Etiserica – Eucamenta – Eucyclophylla – Euknemoplia – Eulaiades – Eulepida – Eulepidopsis – Eumaladera – Eupegylis – Euphoresia – Euranoxia – Europtron – Eurychelus – Eurypeza – Euryschiza – Euserica – Eutrichesis – Evbrittonia – Exolontha – Exopholis – Exostethus – Extenuoptyophis –
F

Faargia – Fairmairoplia – Falsotoclinius – Falsototoclinius – Firminus – Fossocarus – Frenchella –
G

Gama – Gamka – Gastrohoplus – Gastromaladera – Gastroserica – Geotrogus – Glacilitarsus – Glaphyserica – Globencya – Globulischiza – Glossocheilifer – Glycyserica – Glyptoglossa – Gnaphalopoda – Gnaphalostetha – Goniaspidius – Goniorrhina – Gouna – Gracilitarsus – Grammodoplia – Graviengertia – Griveaudella – Gronocarus – Gryphonycha – Gymnogaster – Gymnoloma – Gymnopyge – Gymnoschiza – Gynaecoserica – Gyroplia –
H

Hadrocerus – Hadropechys – Hadrops – Hamatoplectris – Harpechys – Harpina – Hecistopsilus – Hellaserica – Hemicamenta – Hemictenius – Heptelia – Heptophylla – Hercitis – Heterochelus – Heteronyx – Heteroschiza – Heteroserica – Heterotrochalus – Hexataenius – Hieritis – Hilarianus – Hilyotrogus – Himalhoplia – Holisonycha – Holochelus – Holocnemus – Holomelia – Holopycnia – Holorhopaea – Holotrichia – Homalochilus – Homaloserica – Homoeoschiza – Homoliogenys – Homolotropus – Homopliopsis – Hoplebaea – Hopleidos – Hoplia – Hopliopsis – Hoplochelus – Hoplocnemis – Hoplolontha – Hoplomaladera – Hoplorida – Hoplosternodes – Hovachelus – Howdenocarus – Humblotania – Hybocamenta – Hyboserica – Hymenochelus – Hymenoplia – Hyperius – Hypolepida – Hyposerica – Hypothyce – Hypotrichia –
I

Ictigaster – Idaecamenta – Idaeserica – Idanastes – Idiapogonia – Idiochelyna – Idionycha – Idutywa – Inanda – Insimuloissacaris – Iranotrogus – Isocamenta – Isoceraspis – Isonychus – Issacaris –
J

Jalalabadia – Joziratia –
K

Kabindeknomiosoma – Kadlecia – Kareiga – Kenyalepis – Kenyatopadema – Khoina – Knysna – Komrina – Korisaba – Kraseophylla – Kryzhanovskia – Kubousa – Kuenckeliana –
L

Laceratoplia – Lachnodera – Lachnota – Lacroixidema – Lacroixilepis – Lamproserica – Langbianella – Laotrichia – Lasiexis – Lasiopsis – Lasioserica – Lasiotropus – Latipalpus – Lebbea – Lecanotrogus – Leonotus – Lepidiota – Lepidomela – Lepidoserica – Lepidotrogus – Lepischiza – Lepisia – Lepithrix – Lepitrichula – Leptochristina – Leptocnemis – Leptrichula – Leribe – Leucopholis – Leucophorus – Leuretra – Lichniops – Lichniopsoides – Limepomera – Liocamenta – Liogenys – Liparetrus – Loboserica – Longicrura – Loricatarsa – Luispenaia – Lutfius –
M

Machala – Macleayella – Macrodactylus – Macroplia – Macropliopsis – Madahoplia – Madiniella – Maechidinus – Maechidius – Mahafalyanus – Makalaka – Makoanus – Maladera – Malaisius – Malawinophylla – Mallotarsus – Manodactylus – Manonychus – Manopus – Manoserica – Mascarena – Mauromecistoplia – Mayataia – Medeotrogus – Megacoryne – Megarhopaea – Megistophylla – Megistoplia – Melanocamenta – Melolontha – †Melolonthites – Melolonthoides – Menigionyx – Mericserica – Merinanus – Mesoserica – Mesotrochalus – Metaceraspis – Metapogonia – Metascelis – Metatrogus – Michaeloplia – Microdoris – Microphylla – Microplidus – Microplus – Microrhopaea – Microserica – Microsericaria – Microthopus – Microtrochalus – Minutoplia – †Miolachnosterna – Miotemna – Miridiba – Mitracamenta – Mitrophorus – Modialis – Monochelus – Monotropus – Mucrencya – Mycernus – Myloxena – Myloxenoides –
N

Nanaga – Nanniscus – Nanorhopaea – Nedymoserica – Nefoncerus – Nematophylla – Nematoserica – Neocamenta – Neoclitopa – Neoheteronyx – Neomaladera – Neopegylis – Neophyllotocus – Neoserica – Neosericania – Nepaloserica – Nepytis – Nesadmiralitia – Neso – Nesohoplia – Neuquenodactylus – Neuroserica – Nigroplia – Nipponoserica – Nitorellus – Nosphisthis – Nuiba –
O

Oberthuroplia – Octoplasia – Odontoplia – Odontotonyx – Odontria – Oedanomerus – Oedichira – Oligophylla – Omaloplia – Omocnemus – Omocrates – Oncerus – Oncochirus – Onochaeta – Onychoserica – Oocamenta – Ophropyx – Opsitocus – Oreogenoplia – Oreotrogus – Orthoserica – Othnonius – Otoclinius – Outeniqua – Ovoserica – Oxychirus – Oxyserica –
P

Pachnessa – Pachrodema – Pachycamenta – Pachychilecamenta – Pachycnema – Pachycolus – Pachydema – Pachydemocera – Pachyderoserica – Pachygastra – Pachypoides – Pachyserica – Pachytricha – Pacuvia – Palacephala – Panotrogus – Paracamenta – Paraceratochelus – Paraclitopa – Paraheteronyx – Paramaechidius – Paramaladera – Paramicroplus – Paramorphochelus – Parapetiia – Pararhopaea – Parasciton – Paraserica – Paratriodonta – Pareriesthis – Paronyx – Paroplia – Parthenoserica – Pasaphylla – Pectinichelus – Pectinosoma – Pegylis – Pentacoryna – Pentaphylla – Pentecamenta – Pentelia – Pericamenta – Periclitopa – Periproctoides – Periproctus – Periserica – Perissosoma – Peritrichia – Perrindema – Petinopus – Phalangonyx – Phalangosoma – Phiara – Philacelota – Philoserica – Phobetus – Pholidochris – Phorine – Photyna – Phyllocamenta – Phyllochlaenia – Phyllococerus – Phyllophaga – Phylloserica – Phyllotocidium – Phyllotocus – Phyllotrochalus – Phytholaema – Pimelomera – Plaesioserica – Platychelus – Plectris – Plectrodes – Pleistophylla – Pleophylla – Plesiopalacephala – Plotopuserica – Plusioserica – Podolasia – Podostena – Pollaplonyx – Polyenaria – Polyphylla – Polyphyllum – Pristerophora – Proagosternus – Proborhinus – Prochelyna – Prodontria – Proseconius – Protelura – Proteroschiza – Protoclitopa – Protoctenius – Psednoserica – Pseudachloa – Pseudenaria – Pseudencya – Pseudholophylla – Pseudisonychus – Pseudocamenta – Pseudocongella – Pseudodicrania – Pseudodiplotaxis – Pseudohercitis – Pseudoheterochelus – Pseudoheteronyx – Pseudohoplia – Pseudoleuretra – Pseudoliogenys – Pseudomaladera – Pseudomicroplus – Pseudopachydema – Pseudopanotrogus – Pseudoparoplia – Pseudopectinosoma – Pseudopholis – Pseudoschizonycha – Pseudosericania – Pseudosymmachia – Pseudotocama – Pseudotrematodes – Pseudotrochalus – Pseudouteniqua – Pseustophylla – Psilodontria – Psilonychus – Psilopholis – Ptyophis – Puelchesia – Pusiodactylus – Pyronota –
R

Rabula – Ramilia – Ravautiana – Raysymmela – Rectoscutaria – Redotus – Renaudiana – Rhabdopholis – Rhachistoplia – Rhadinolontha – Rhinaspis – Rhizoproctus – Rhizotrogus – Rhopaea – Rhynchapogonia – Rhynchoserica – Rhyxicephalus – Rhyxiderma – Rimuloplia – Robinsonelliana – Rubilepis –
S

Sabatinelloplia – Sarothromerus – Scapanoclypeus – Scaphorhina – Scelidothrix – Scelophysa – Schismatocera – Schizochelus – Schizonycha – Scitala – Scitaloides – Sciton – Scythrodes – Sebakwe – Sebaris – Selaserica – Selomothus – Semienaria – Serica – Sericania – Sericesthis – Sericoides – Sericospilus – Setiserica – Siamophylla – Socotraproctus – Somatoserica – Sophrops – Spaniolepis – Sparrmannia – Spathoschiza – Sphaeroscelis – Sphaerotrochalus – Sphecoserica – Sphodroxia – Sphyrocallus – Stenochelyne – Stenopegylis – Stenoserica – Stenosophrops – Stephanopholis – Stethaspis – Stigmatoplia – Stilbotrochalus – Straliga – Suntemnonycha – Symmela – Synacta – Synchilus – Synclitopa – Synenaria – Syngeneschiza – Systellopus –
T

Taiwanoserica – Taiwanotrichia – Tamnoserica – Tanyproctoides – Tanyproctus – Tanzanilepis – Tanzanipholis – Taphrocephala – Tarsocamenta – Telura – Teluroides – Tephraeoserica – Terebrogaster – Termaladera – Termitophilus – Tetraserica – Thabina – Thoracoplia – Thoracotrichia – Thrymoserica – Thyce – Tiamidema – Tlaocera – Tocama – Tosevskiana – Toxocnemis – Toxophyllus – Toxospathius – Trachyserica – Trematodes – Triacmoserica – Trichesthes – Trichinopus – Trichiodera – Tricholepis – Tricholontha – Trichomaladera – Trichoschiza – Trinoxia – Triodontella – Triodontonyx – Triodonyx – Trioserica – Trochaloschema – Trochalus – Tsaratanoplia – Tulbaghia –
U

Ulata –
V

Vadonaria – Vanstaronia – Varencya – Vezoanus –
W

Wadaia – Warwickia – Watkinsia – Webbella –
X

Xanthotrogus – Xenaclopus – Xenoceraspis – Xenoserica – Xenotrochalus – Xenotrogus – Xylonichus – Xyridea – Xyrine – Xyroa – Xyrodes
Z

Zaburina – Zietzia – Zimbabuephylla – Zomba –
Genera incertae sedis

Ceafornotensis
In synonymy

Leuroserica
Name

Melolonthinae Leach, 1819: 189

Type genus: Melolontha Fabricius, 1775

References
Primary references

Leach, W.E. 1819: [new genera]. In: Samouelle G.: The entomologist’s useful compendium; or an introduction to the knowledge of British insects comprising the best means of obtaining and preserving them, and a description of the apparatus generally used; together with the genera of Linné, and the modern method of arranging the classes Crustacea, Myriapoda, spiders, mites and insects from their affinities and structure, according to the views of Dr. Leach. Also an explanation of the terms used in entomology: a calendar of the times of appearance, and usual situations of near 3000 species of British insects; with instructions for collecting and fitting up objects for the microscope. London: Thomas Boys, 496 pp. BHL

Additional references

Bouchard, P., Bousquet, Y., Davies, A.E., Alonso-Zarazaga, M.A., Lawrence, J.F., Lyal, C.H.C., Newton, A.F., Reid, C.A.M., Schmitt, M., Ślipiński, S.A. & Smith, A.B.T. 2011. Family-group names in Coleoptera (Insecta). ZooKeys 88: 1–972. DOI: 10.3897/zookeys.88.807 Open access. PMC: 3088472 Open access. Reference page.
Smith, A.B.T. 2006: A review of the family-group names for the superfamily Scarabaeoidea (Coleoptera) with corrections to nomenclature and a current classification. Coleopterists Society monograph, 5: 144–204. DOI: 10.1649/0010-065X(2006)60[144:AROTFN]2.0.CO;2 PDF
Bezděk, A.; Hájek, J. 2010: Catalogue of type specimens of beetles (Coleoptera) deposited in the National Museum, Prague, Czech Republic. Scarabaeidae: Dynamopodinae, Dynastinae, Melolonthinae and Rutelinae. Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae, 50: 279–320. ISSN: 0374-1036 PDF
Coca-Abia, M. 2007: Phylogenetic relationships of the subfamily Melolonthinae (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae). Insect systematics & evolution, 38: 447–472.
Lacroix, M. 2010: Melolonthinae afrotropicaux genera et catalogue (Coleoptera, Melolonthinae). Editions Marc Lacroix / Collection Hannetons, France. 277 pp. ISBN 978-2-9529275-1-2.
Smith, A.B.T. & Evans, A.V. 2018. Taxonomic review of Athliini (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Melolonthinae), a new tribe of scarab beetles endemic to South America. Zootaxa 4471(2): 279–308. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4471.2.3 Open access Reference page.
Smith, A.B.T. & Mondaca, J. 2015. Review of the southern South American Macrodactylini (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Melolonthinae) with descriptions of new genera and species. Zootaxa 4056(1): 1–65. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4056.1.1 Preview (PDF). Full article (PDF). Reference page.
Woolley, C. 2016. The first scarabaeid beetle (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae, Melolonthinae) described from the Mesozoic (Late-Cretaceous) of Africa. African Invertebrates 57(1): 53–66. DOI: 10.3897/AfrInvertebr.57.8416. Reference page.

Links

Subfamily Melolonthinae (Scarabaeidae) - atlas of scarab beetles of Russia
Catalogue of Palearctic Coleoptera. Vol. 3 ed. I. Lobl, & A. Smetana, Apollo Books, Stenstrup, Denmark, 2006
ISBN 87-88757-59-5, p.181

Vernacular names
français: Mélolonthidé
日本語: コフキコガネ亜科
русский: Хрущи
中文: 鰓角金龜亞科

Melolonthinae is a subfamily of the scarab beetles (family Scarabaeidae). It is a very diverse group; distributed over most of the world, it contains many familiar species. Some authors include the scarab subfamilies Euchirinae and Pachypodinae as tribes in the Melolonthinae.

Unlike some of their relatives, their habitus is usually not bizarre. They resemble the Rutelinae in being fairly plesiomorphic in outward appearance. Like in many Scarabaeidae, males have large fingered antennae, while those of the females are smaller and somewhat knobby. In the Melolonthinae, this sexual dimorphism is particularly pronounced. Many species have striking – though rarely brilliant or iridescent – hues and bold patterns of hairs.

Being often quite sizeable and swarming in numbers at certain times, for example the Amphimallon, Phyllophaga and Polyphylla "june beetles" or the Melolontha cockchafers – all from tribe Melolonthini – feature widely in folklore. Some Melolonthinae are economically significant pests. Other than the Melolonthini, the most diverse tribes are the Ablaberini, Liparetrini, Macrodactylini, Pachydemini and Sericini.
Systematics
Phyllotocus sp. (Sericini)
Stethaspis sp. (Stethaspini/Xylonychini)
File:Melolonthinae on a banana leaf, moving its head.webmPlay media
Leucopholina in Laos, moving its head

According to various authors, the living Melolonthinae are divided into about 20-30 tribes. Some notable genera and species are also listed here:

Ablaberini Burmeister, 1855 – including Camentini
Automoliini Britton, 1978
Carlschoenherria Bezděk, 2016
Chasmatopterini Lacordaire, 1856
Colymbomorphini – sometimes in Xylonychini
Comophorinini Britton, 1957 – including Comophini
Dichelonychini Burmeister 1855
Diphucephalini Britton, 1957
Diphycerini – sometimes in Macrodactylini
Diplotaxini – sometimes in Melolonthini
Heteronychini Britton, 1957
Heteronyx Guérin-Méneville, 1838
Hopliini
Lichniini
Liparetrini Burmeister, 1855 – including Allarini, Colpochilini
Macrodactylini Kirby, 1837[verification needed] – including Dichelonyciini
Maechidiini Burmeister, 1855
Melolonthini Samouelle, 1819[verification needed]
Amphimallon
Leucopholis
Melolontha – cockchafers, May bugs
Miridiba
Phyllophaga – May beetles
Polyphylla
Sophrops
Oncerini
Pachydemini Reitter, 1902
Pachytrichini Burmeister, 1855
Phyllotocidiini Britton, 1957
Podolasiini – sometimes in Hopliini
Rhizotrogini – sometimes in Melolonthini
Holotrichia
Rhizotrogus
Scitalini Britton, 1957
Sericini Dalla Torre, 1912
Maladera
Sericoidini Burmeister, 1855
Stethaspini – sometimes in Xylonychini
Systellopini Sharp, 1877
Tanyproctini – sometimes in Pachydemini
Xylonychini Britton, 1957

In addition, a prehistoric tribe, the Cretomelolonthini, is only known from fossils.

Several genera are of unclear relations; they are not yet firmly placed in a tribe:

Acoma
Conebius Fuavel, 1903
Costelytra – Liparetrini?
Hemictenius – Pachydemini?
Metascelis Westwood, 1842
Mycernus – Colymbomorphini, Stethaspini, Xylonychini?
Odontria – Liparetrini?
Prodontria – Liparetrini?
Psilodontria – Colymbomorphini, Stethaspini, Xylonychini?
Scythrodes – Liparetrini?
Sericospilus – Liparetrini?
Xenaclopus[1]

"Anonetus" and "Tryssus", both used by Erichson in 1847, are nomina nuda. Holophylla and Hoplorida are of uncertain validity.
References

Ocampo, F.C., Vaz-de-Mello, F.Z. (2008) The genus Xenaclopus Arrow (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae): redescription and removal from the Aclopinae, with systematic notes. Zootaxa, 1916: 57–62.

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