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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Panorpida
Cladus: Amphiesmenoptera
Ordo: Lepidoptera
Subordo: Glossata
Cladus: Coelolepida
Cladus: Myoglossata
Cladus: Neolepidoptera
Infraordo: Heteroneura
Cladus: Eulepidoptera
Cladus: Ditrysia
Cladus: Apoditrysia
Cladus: Obtectomera
Superfamilia: Papilionoidea

Familia: Nymphalidae
Subfamilia: Nymphalinae
Tribus: Nymphalini
Genus: Nymphalis
Species (8): N. antiopa – N. californica – N. cyanomelas – N. l-album – N. j-album – N. polychloros – N. vaualbum – N. xanthomelas
Name

Nymphalis Kluk, 1780 [see Balint et al 2001.]
Synonyms

Euvanessa Scudder, 1889
Type species: Papilio antiopaLinnaeus, 1758 (through Article 67.8 (replacement names))
Scudderia Grote, 1873 (invalid)
Type species: Papilio antiopa Linnaeus, 1758 by monotypy.
Antiopana S.K. Korb, 2005 (synonymized by Bolshakov, 2007: 75)
Type species: Papilio antiopa Linnaeus, 1758 by original designation.

References
Additional references

Bálint, Zs. ; C.S. Guppy ; N.G. Kondla ; K. Johnson & Ch.J. Durden, 2001: Plebeius Kluk, 1780 or Plebejus Klug, 1802? (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Folia Entomologica Hungarica 62: 177–184. Full article: [1].
Bolshakov, L.V., 2007: Notes on some controversial taxa of Lepidoptera from European Russia, with critical remarks about <<A catalogue of butterflies of the ex-USSR, with remarks on systematics and nomenclature>> by. S.K. Korb. Caucasian Entomological Bulletin, 3 (1): 75–80. Abstract: [2].
Kluk, K., (1780): Zwierzat historyi naturalney Poczatki i gospodarstwo, 4. – Warsaw, Xiezy Piiarów, [01] + 502 pp + 4 double plates. ZooBankReference page.
Wahlberg, N. & Nylin, S. 2003. Morphology versus molecules: resolution of the positions of Nymphalis, Polygonia, and related genera (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Cladistics 19: 213–223. DOI: 10.1016/S0748-3007(03)00027-6 Paywall. Reference page.
Wahlberg, N. & Brower, A.V.Z., 2009, Nymphalini Rafinesque 1815 in The Tree of Life Web Project, v. 21-04-2009 (accessed 11-05-2009)
Wyatt, C.W. & Omoto, K. 1966: New lepidoptera from Afghanistan. Entomops 1(5): 138-167. Reference page.

Vernacular names
English: Tortoiseshells
magyar: Rókalepke
日本語: タテハチョウ属 or ヒオドシチョウ属
中文: 蛺蝶屬
For more multimedia, look at Category:Nymphalis on Wikimedia Commons.

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