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Oryctes nasicornis

Oryctes nasicornis, male

Oryctes nasicornis Oryctes nasicornis

Oryctes nasicornis (m), Oryctes nasicornis (f),

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Coleopterida
Ordo: Coleoptera
Subordo: Polyphaga
Infraordo: Scarabaeiformia
Superfamilia: Scarabaeoidea

Familia: Scarabaeidae
Subfamilia: Dynastinae
Tribus: Oryctini
Genus: Oryctes
Species: Oryctes nasicornis
Name

Oryctes nasicornis (Linnaeus, 1758)
Original combination: Scarabaeus nasicornis

References
cited sources

Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per regna tria naturæ, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis, Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Holmiæ: impensis direct. Laurentii Salvii. i–ii, 1–824 pp DOI: 10.5962/bhl.title.542: 346. Reference page.

Additional references

Kazemi, S.; Klompen, H.; Moraza, M.L.; Kamali, K.; Saboori, A. 2008: A new species of Weiseronyssus Samsinak 1962 (Acari: Mesostigmata: Diplogyniidae) from Iran, with a key for genera. Zootaxa, 1824: 17–27. Abstract & excerpt

Links

Oryctes nasicornis (L., 1758) - photo by D.I. Gavryushin

Vernacular names

The European rhinoceros beetle (Oryctes nasicornis) is a large flying beetle belonging to the subfamily Dynastinae.

Subspecies

Oryctes nasicornis afghanistanicus Endrödi, 1938
Oryctes nasicornis chersonensis Minck, 1915
Oryctes nasicornis corniculatus Villa & Villa, 1833
Oryctes nasicornis edithae Endrödi, 1938
Oryctes nasicornis grypus (Illiger, 1803)
Oryctes nasicornis hindenburgi Minck, 1915
Oryctes nasicornis holdhausi Minck, 1914
Oryctes nasicornis illigeri Minck, 1915
Oryctes nasicornis kuntzeni Minck, 1914
Oryctes nasicornis latipennis Motschulsky, 1845
Oryctes nasicornis mariei (Bourgin, 1949)
Oryctes nasicornis nasicornis (Linnaeus, 1758)
Oryctes nasicornis ondrejanus Minck, 1916
Oryctes nasicornis polonicus Minck, 1916
Oryctes nasicornis przevalskii Semenow & Medvedev, 1932
Oryctes nasicornis punctipennis Motschulsky, 1860
Oryctes nasicornis shiraticus Endrödi & Petrovitz, 1974
Oryctes nasicornis transcaspicus Endrödi, 1938
Oryctes nasicornis turkestanicus Minck, 1915

Description

Oryctes nasicornis reach a length of 20–40 millimetres (0.79–1.57 in), with a maximum of 47 millimetres (1.9 in).[1] It is one of the largest beetles found in Europe. Elytra are reddish brown with a glazed appearance, while head and pronotum are slightly darker. The underside of the body and the legs are covered with long red hair. It is a sexually dimorphic species. The male's head is topped by a long curved horn (hence its common name), while the females have no horns.

Dim, from the 1998 Disney/Pixar animated film A Bug's Life, is a European rhinoceros beetle voiced by (Brad Garrett).
Distribution

Oryctes nasicornis inhabits the Palaearctic region, excluding the British Isles. It is the only representative of the Dynastinae family found in Northern Europe. It is widespread in the Mediterranean basin up to Pakistan, the Near East and North Africa.
Habitat

The rhinoceros beetle lives on wood, and the large larvae can be found in rotting wood stumps and around sawdust. At the margin of its distribution, the beetle is often found in connection with sawmills and horse racing tracks.

Life cycle

The larvae grow in decaying plants feeding on woody debris (xylophagy), generally non-resinous. They can reach a length of 60–100 millimetres (2.4–3.9 in). The development period lasts 2 to 3 or 4 years. The adult size can be influenced by the quality and abundance of food.

The mammoth wasp (Megascolia maculata) is a parasite of European rhinoceros beetle larvae. A female wasp lays one egg inside the beetle larva; when the egg hatches, the wasp larva will feed on the beetle larva.

The adult beetle emerges at the end of March, April or May, and lives several months until autumn. It occurs mainly during the months of June and July and it is very active, flying at dusk and by night, attracted by the lights. These beetles do not feed, consuming during the few weeks of adult life reserves accumulated during the larval stages.

Oryctes nasicornis

References

R.-P. Dechambre & G. Lachaume (2001). The genus Oryctes (Dynastidae). The Beetles of the World. Vol. 27. Hillside Books, Canterbury. Archived from the original on 2010-08-06.

Notes

Marek Bunalski. Die Blatthomkäfer Mitteleuropas Coleoptera, Scarabaeoidea. Bratislava, 1999

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