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Osmoderma eremita

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Coleopterida
Ordo: Coleoptera
Subordo: Polyphaga
Infraordo: Scarabaeiformia
Superfamilia: Scarabaeoidea

Familia: Scarabaeidae
Subfamilia: Cetoniinae
Tribus: Trichiini
Subtribus: Osmodermatina
Genus: Osmoderma
Species: Osmoderma eremita
Name

Osmoderma eremita (Scopoli, 1763)
References

IUCN: Osmoderma eremita (Near Threatened)
Osmoderma eremita (Scop.) (Scarabaeidae: Trichiinae)
Osmoderma eremita in Red Data Book of Russia

Vernacular names
čeština: Páchník hnědý / samotářský
Deutsch: Eremit / Juchtenkäfer
English: Hermit Beetle
français: Le pique-prune / Scarabée pique-prune
lietuvių: Niūriaspalvis auksavabalis
norsk: Eremitten
polski: Pachnica dębowa
русский: Пахучий / Обыкновенный отшельник
slovenčina: Pižmovec hnedý
slovenščina: Eremit / Puščavnik
svenska: Läderbagge
українська: Жук-пустельник

Osmoderma eremita, the hermit beetle or Russian leather beetle,[2] is a species of European beetle in the family Scarabaeidae. Adults reach between 28 and 32 mm in length.[3]

Distribution

Osmoderma eremita can be found everywhere in Europe, except for the United Kingdom, Iceland, Ireland, Malta, Portugal, and San Marino.[4]
Larvae

The larvae develop in hollow trees. Oak is the preferred kind of tree, but the larvae may develop in any tree species with suitable hollows.[2] Due to extensive scientific research, O. eremita is the most well known insect species associated with ancient or hollow trees. For instance, research has addressed the beetles' dispersal biology,[5] population dynamics,[6] and chemical communication.[7] Trained conservation detection dogs are being used in monitoring larvae in Italy.[8]
Conservation status

Due to habitat loss and fragmentation, the species has decreased all over its distribution range. For this reason the species is protected in most European countries, and has been given the highest priority according to the EU's Habitats Directive.[2]
References

Nieto, A.; Mannerkoski, I.; Putchkov, A.; Tykarski, P.; Mason, F.; Dodelin, B.; Tezcan, S. (2010). "Osmoderma eremita". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2010: e.T15632A105873655. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-1.RLTS.T15632A105873655.en. Retrieved 12 November 2021.
"Hermit beetle (Osmoderma eremita)". ARKive. Archived from the original on April 14, 2013. Retrieved April 3, 2010.
http://www.catedu.es/arablogs/blog.php?id_blog=1556&id_articulo=79542[dead link]
"Osmoderma eremita (Scopoli, 1763)". Fauna Europaea. Retrieved 27 June 2012.
Hedin, Jonas (2008). "Restricted dispersal in a flying beetle assessed by telemetry" (PDF). Biodiversity and Conservation. 17 (3): 675–684. doi:10.1007/s10531-007-9299-7. S2CID 25080844.
Ranius, Thomas (2001). "Constancy and asynchrony of Osmoderma eremita populations in tree hollows" (PDF). Oecologia. 126 (2): 208–215. Bibcode:2001Oecol.126..208R. doi:10.1007/s004420000515. PMID 28547619. S2CID 9464816.
Larsson, Mattias (2003). "The characteristic odour of Osmoderma eremita (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) identified as a male-released pheromone". Journal of Chemical Ecology. 29 (3): 575–587. doi:10.1023/A:1022850704500. PMID 12757320. S2CID 20564199.
Mosconi, Fabio; Campanaro, Alessandro; Carpaneto, Giuseppe Maria; Chiari, Stefano; Hardersen, Sönke; Mancini, Emiliano; Maurizi, Emanuela; Sabatelli, Simone; Zauli, Agnese; Mason, Franco; Audisio, Paolo (2017). "Training of a dog for the monitoring of Osmoderma eremita". Nature Conservation. Pensoft. 20: 237–264. doi:10.3897/natureconservation.20.12688. ISSN 1314-3301.

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