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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Panorpida
Cladus: Amphiesmenoptera
Ordo: Lepidoptera
Subordo: Glossata
Cladus: Coelolepida
Cladus: Myoglossata
Cladus: Neolepidoptera
Infraordo: Heteroneura
Cladus: Eulepidoptera
Cladus: Ditrysia
Cladus: Apoditrysia
Cladus: Obtectomera
Superfamilia: Papilionoidea

Familia: Hesperiidae
Subfamilia: Eudaminae
Tribus: Eudamini
Subtribus: Telemiadina
Genus: Polygonus
Species (2): P. leo – P. savigny
Name

Polygonus Hübner, [1825]: pl. 144.

Type species: Polygonus lividus Hübner, [1825], by monotypy.
Synonymy

Acolastus Scudder, 1872: 71 (preocc. Acolastus Gerstaecker, 1855 [Coleoptera]). Invalid, see Hemming, 1967: 22.
Type species: Hesperia savigny Latreille, [1824], by original designation.
Nennius Kirby, [1902]: 105, (unnecessary replacement name for Polygonus Hübner, [1825]). See Hemming, 1967: 308.
Type species: Polygonus lividus Hübner, [1825].

References

Bell, E.L. & Comstock, W.P. 1948. A new genus and some new species and subspecies of American Hesperiidae (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera). American Museum Novitates 1379: 1–23. PDF. Reference page.
Grishin, N.V. 2019. Expanded phenotypic diagnoses for 24 recently named new taxa of Hesperiidae (Lepidoptera). The Taxonomic Report 8(1): 1–15. PDF. Reference page.
Hemming, A. F., 1967. The generic names of the butterflies and their type species (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) 1967, Suppl. 9: 1-509.Reference page.
Hübner, J. 1806–1838. Sammlung exotischer Schmetterlinge. Augsburg. 3 volumes. Vol.1, Vol.2, Vol.3. Reference page.
Li, W., Cong. Q., Shen, J.H., Zhang, J., Hallwachs, W., Janzen, D.H. & Grishin, N.V. 2019. Genomes of skipper butterflies reveal extensive convergence of wing patterns. PNAS 116(13): 6232–6237. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1821304116. Text. SI Appendix. Reference page.
Scudder, S.H., [1872]. A Systematic revision of Some of the American Butterflies With Brief Notes on Those Known to Occur in Essex County, Mass. Annual report of the trustees of the Peabody Academy of Natural Sciences 4: 24–83. Reference page.

Polygonus is a Nearctic and Neotropical genus of spread-winged skippers in the family Hesperiidae.
Species

Polygonus leo (Gmelin, [1790]) – hammock skipper – Argentina
P. leo leo Brazil to Florida, Hispaniola, Haiti
P. leo arizonensis (Skinner, 1911) south California, Arizona, west Texas, south New Mexico, Mexico
P. leo hagar Evans, 1952 Jamaica
P. leo histrio Röber, 1925 Arizona
P. leo pallida Röber, 1925 Peru
Polygonus savigny (Latreille, [1824]) – Manuel's skipper – St. Christoper, Montserrat, St. Barthélémy, south Florida, Antilles, Argentina, Central America, South America
P. savigny savigny Brazil (Santa Catarina),
P. savigny punctus Bell & Comstock, 1948 Saint Vincent[1]

References

Funet

Natural History Museum Lepidoptera genus database

Insects Images

Biology Encyclopedia

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