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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Panorpida
Cladus: Amphiesmenoptera
Ordo: Lepidoptera
Subordo: Glossata
Cladus: Coelolepida
Cladus: Myoglossata
Cladus: Neolepidoptera
Infraordo: Heteroneura
Cladus: Eulepidoptera
Cladus: Ditrysia
Cladus: Apoditrysia
Cladus: Obtectomera
Cladus: Macroheterocera
Superfamilia: Bombycoidea

Familia: Sphingidae
Subfamilia: Smerinthinae
Tribus: Smerinthini
Genus: Polyptychus
Species: P. afarissaque – P. affinis – P. andosa – P. anochus – P. assimilis – P. auriguttatus – P. aurora – P. baltus – P. barnsi – P. baxteri – P. bernardii – P. bouyeri – P. cadioui – P. calcareus – P. carteri – P. chinensis – P. claudiae – P. coryndoni – P. dargei – P. dentatus – P. deschampsi – P. digitatus – P. distensus – P. ducarmei – P. enodia – P. erosus – P. ferroseus – P. fractus – P. girardi – P. grayii – P. guessfeldti – P. hamatus – P. herbuloti – P. hollandi – P. insulanus – P. jansei – P. jolyanorum – P. kitchingi – P. kivui – P. lagnelae – P. lapidatus – P. lucindae – P. marshalli – P. mbarikensis – P. molitor – P. murinus – P. nigriplaga – P. niloticus – P. obtusus – P. orthographus – P. paupercula – P. pierrei – P. poliades – P. politzari – P. potiendus – P. retusus – P. rougeoti – P. ruaha – P. septentrionalis – P. sinus – P. smithi – P. thihongae – P. trilineatus – P. trisecta – P. vuattouxi – P. wojtusiaki
Name

Polyptychus Carcasson, 1968

Type species: Sphinx dentatus Cramer, 1777
Synonyms

Larunda (Kernbach) Kernbach, 1954
Lycosphingia Rothschild & Jordan, 1903 (synonymized by Pierre 2014: 225)
Type species: Smerinthus hamatus Dewitz, 1879. By original designation
Polyptychoides Carcasson, 1968 (Synonymized by J. Pierre (2001: 262, 263) and Implicitly resynonymized by J. Pierre, 2014: 226).
Type species: Smerinthus grayi Walker, 1856. By original designation
Polyptychopsis Carcasson, 1968 (synonymized by Pierre 2014: 225)
Type species: Polyptychus marshalli Rothschild & Jordan, 1903. By original designation and monotypy.
Avinoffia Clark, 1929 (synonymized J. Pierre, 2014: 224).
Type species: Lycosphingia hollandi Clark, 1917. By original designation.
Acanthosphinx Aurivillius, 1892 (synonymized by Pierre 2014: 225)
Type species: Ambulix guessfeldtii Dewitz, 1879 By monotypy

References

Bouyer, T. 2016. Description de nouvelles espèces de Polyptychus Hübner, 1919 du "complexe nigriplaga" (Lepidoptera, Sphingidae, Smerinthinae). Lambillionea 116(3): 210–224. Reference page.
Brechlin, R. 2008. A new taxon of the genus Polyptychus Hübner, 1819 [1816] from China (Lepidoptera: Sphingidae). Entomo-satsphingia 2(2): 38–42. Reference page.
Brechlin, R., Kitching, I.J. & Cadiou. J.M. 2001. Description of a new species of the genus Polyptychus Hübner, [1819] „1816” (Lepidoptera: Sphingidae), Nachrichten des entomologischen Vereins Apollo N.F. 22 (1): 31–35. Reference page.
Clark, B.P. 1926. Descriptions of twelve new Sphingidae and remarks upon some other species. Proceedings of the New England Zoological Club 9: 45–59. Reference page.
Hogenes, W. & Treadaway, C. G. (1998): The Sphingidae (Lepidoptera) of the Philippines. Nachrichten des Entomologischen Vereins Apollo Supplement 17: 17–132
Kernbach, K. 1954. Larunda n. gen. Eine neue afrikanische Sphingiden-Gattung. Revue de Zoologie et Botanique Africaines 50(3-4): 216–220.Reference page.
Kitching, I.J. 2016: A new species of Polyptychus Hübner, [1819] from Cuanza Sul, Angola (Lepidoptera, Sphingidae). Entomologia africana 21(2): 19–28. Reference page.
Pierre, J. 2014: Polyptychus lagnelae nom. nov. for Avinoffia hollandi (Clark, 1917). The genus Polyptychus Hübner, 1819. Concept of genus (Lepidoptera, Sphingidae). Bulletin de la Société entomologique de France 119(2): 223–228. Reference page.
Pierre, J. & Basquin, P. 2021. Nouvelles données sur les Polyptychus ouest-africains (Lepidoptera, Sphingidae). Bulletin de la Société entomologique de France 126(1): 93-97. DOI: 10.32475/bsef_2116.. Reference page.
Rothschild, L.W. 1904. New Sphingidae. Novitates Zoologicae 11: 435–440. Full article BHL Reference page.
Takano, H. 2021. Two new species of Polyptychus Hübner, [1819] (Lepidoptera: Sphingidae: Smerinthinae) from West Africa. Ecologica Montenegrina 47: 1-8. DOI: 10.37828/em.2021.47.1. Open access. Reference page.

Polyptychus is a genus of moths in the family Sphingidae erected by Jacob Hübner in 1819.[1] These middle-sized, light-brown moths are found in Africa and Southeast Asia.

Description

They are a middle-sized to large (wingspan 65–120 mm), light-brown hawk moth. The head is unusually large in subfamily Smerinthinae, with the back of the body long and cylindrical.
Life

These moths fly at night and do not visit flowers, and they do not particularly seek out light. In all cases, they lay their eggs in the plants of the family Boraginaceae.
Species list

Polyptychus affinis Rothschild & Jordan, 1903 – Africa
Polyptychus andosa (Walker 1856)
Polyptychus anochus Rothschild & Jordan 1906
Polyptychus aurora Clark 1936
Polyptychus baltus Pierre 1985
(Polyptychus barnsi) Clark 1926
Polyptychus baxteri Rothschild & Jordan 1908
Polyptychus bernardii Rougeot 1966
Polyptychus carteri (Butler, 1882) – West Africa
Polyptychus chinensis Rothschild & Jordan, 1903 – central and southwest China, Taiwan, Ryukyu Islands
Polyptychus claudiae Brechlin, Kitching & Cadiou, 2001
Polyptychus coryndoni Rothschild & Jordan 1903
Polyptychus dentatus (Cramer, 1777) – Sri Lanka, India and Pakistan
Polyptychus distensus Darge 1990
Polyptychus enodia (Holland 1889)
Polyptychus girardi Pierre 1993
Polyptychus herbuloti Darge 1990
Polyptychus hollandi Rothschild & Jordan 1903
Polyptychus lapidatus Joicey & Kaye 1917
Polyptychus murinus Rothschild 1904
Polyptychus nigriplaga Rothschild & Jordan 1903
Polyptychus orthographus Rothschild & Jordan 1903
Polyptychus paupercula Holland 1889
Polyptychus pierrei Kitching & Cadiou, 2000
Polyptychus potiendus Darge 1990
Polyptychus retusus Rothschild & Jordan, 1908
Polyptychus rougeoti Carcasson 1968
Polyptychus sinus Pierre 1985
Polyptychus thihongae Bernardi 1970
Polyptychus trilineatus Moore, 1888 – India, Vietnam and southern China
Polyptychus trisecta (Aurivillius 1901)
Polyptychus wojtusiaki Pierre, 2001

References

Savela, Markku. "Polyptychus Hübner, [1819]". Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms. Retrieved December 19, 2018.

Pittaway, A. R.; Kitching, I. J. (2018). "Systematic List". Sphingidae of the Eastern Palaearctic. Retrieved December 17, 2018.

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