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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Panorpida
Cladus: Amphiesmenoptera
Ordo: Lepidoptera
Subordo: Glossata
Cladus: Coelolepida
Cladus: Myoglossata
Cladus: Neolepidoptera
Infraordo: Heteroneura
Cladus: Eulepidoptera
Cladus: Ditrysia
Cladus: Apoditrysia
Cladus: Obtectomera
Cladus: Macroheterocera
Superfamilia: Bombycoidea

Familia: Saturniidae
Subfamilia: Saturniinae
Tribus: Saturniini
Genus: Saturnia
Subgenus: Rinaca – Saturnia

S. (Cachosaturnia) – S. (Eudia) – S. (Neoris) – S. (Perisomena) - S. (Rinaca) - S. (Saturnia)

Species: S. albofasciata – S. atlantica – S. cephalariae – S. jonasii – S. koreanis – S. mendocino – S. mythimnia – S. pavonia - S. pavoniella – S. pelelaensis – S. pyri – S. shaanxiana – S. spini – S. taibaishanis – S. walterorum

References

Brechlin, R. 1997a. Saturnia (Rinaca) witti n. sp., eine neue Saturniide aus Nepal (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae). Nachrichten des Entomologischen Vereins Apollo N.F. 17(4): 423–433. Reference page.
Brechlin, R., 2000: Saturnia (Rinaca) winbrechlini n. sp., a new Saturniid from China (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae), Nachrichten entomologischen Vereins Apollo NF 17 (4): 423–433.
Brechlin, R. 2001d. Einige Anmerkungen zur Gattung Saturnia Schrank, 1802 mit Beschreibung von zwei neuen Arten (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae). Nachrichten des Entomologischen Vereins Apollo (n.f.) 22(2): 89–100. Reference page.
Brechlin, R., 2004: Two new species of the genus Saturnia Schrank, 1802 from China (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae), Nachrichten entomologischen Vereins Apollo NF 25 (1/2): 39–45.
Brechlin, R., 2007: Eine neue art der gattung Saturnia Schrank, 1802 aus dem südosten Chinas (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae), Nachrichten Entomologischen Vereins Apollo NF28 (1/2): 93
Brechlin, R. 2009: Two new species of the genus Saturnia Schrank, 1802 (Subgenus Rinaca Walker 1855) (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae). Entomo-satsphingia 2(2): 30–36. Reference page.
Brechlin, R., 2011: Five new taxa of the genus Saturnia Schrank, 1802 (subgenus Rinaca Walker, 1855) from China (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae). Entomo-satsphingia, 4(2): 78–85. Reference page.
Brechlin, R. 2017b. Saturnia (Rinaca) antkozlovi n. sp., eine neue Saturniide aus Tibet (Lepidoptera). Entomo-satsphingia 10(1): 12–14 Reference page.
Brechlin, R. ; A. Floriani & A. Saldaitis, 2012: Saturnia (Rinaca) algisrimasi, a new saturniid from Yunnan province, China (Lepidoptera). Entomo-Satsphingia 5 (3): 52–55.
Kim, M.J., Kim, S-S., Choi, S-W. & Kim, I.S. 2015: Saturnia jonasii Butler, 1877 on Jejudo Island, a new saturnid moth of South Korea with DNA data and morphology (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae). Zootaxa 3946(3): 374–386. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.3946.3.5. Preview (PDF) Reference page.
Nässig, W.A., 1994: Vorschlag für ein neues Konzept der Gattung Saturnia Schrank 1802 (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae). Nachrichten des Entomologischen Vereins Apollo N.F. 15 (3): 253–266.
Nässig, W.A., Naumann, S. & Löffler, S. 2016. Revisional notes on the subgenera Saturnia (Perisomena) and Saturnia (Neoris) stat. rev. (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae). Part A: Introduction and subgenus Perisomena Es. str.]. Nachrichten des Entomologischen Vereins Apollo 37(1): 47–64. Reference page.
Naumann, S. ; S. Löffler & W.A. Nässig, 2012: Revisional notes on the species-group Saturnia cachara, with description of a new subgenus and a new apecies. (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae). Nachrichten des Entomologischen Vereins Apollo 33 (2/3): 107–128.
Naumann, S. & W.A. Nässig, 2010: Revisional notes on the species-group of Saturnia grotei Moore, 1859 of the genus Saturnia Schrank, 1802 (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae). Nachrichten des Entomologische Vereins Apollo N.F. 31 (1/2): 31–62.
Naumann, S., Nässig, W.A. & Löffler, S. 2017. Some new Asian Saturniidae (Lepidoptera). Nachrichten des Entomologischen Vereins Apollo 38(4): 169–180. Reference page.
Paukstadt, U. & Paukstadt, L.H., 2005: Saturnia (Rinaca) thibeta pahangensis subsp. nov., ein neuer wilder Seidenspinner aus den Cameron Highlands, Malaysia (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae). Beiträge zur Kenntnis der wilden Seidenspinner 3 (1): 3–20.
Peigler, R.S., 1993: A new species of Saturnia (Saturniidae) from northern Pakistan. Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 32: 8–15. Full article: [1].
Rubinoff, D. & Doorenweerd, C. 2020. Systematics and Biogeography Reciprocally Illuminate Taxonomic Revisions in the Silkmoth Genus Saturnia (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists’ Society 74(1): 1-6. DOI: 10.18473/lepi.74i1.a1. Paywall. Reference page.

Saturnia is a genus of moths in the family Saturniidae first described by Franz Paula von Schrank in 1802. They are large moths, commonly called emperor moths though this is also used for various close relatives in subfamily Saturniinae. Most are Palearctic, but three species (S. mendocino, S. walterorum and S. albofasciata, commonly known as saturnia moths) occur in the chaparral of California.
Species

The known species of Saturnia are:[1]

Saturnia albofasciata (Johnson, 1938) – white-streaked saturnia[2] (mostly in Calosaturnia)
Saturnia atlantica Lucas, 1848
Saturnia bieti Oberthür, 1886
Saturnia cameronensis Lemaire, 1979
Saturnia centralis Naumann & Loeffler, 2005
Saturnia cephalariae (Romanoff, 1885) (sometimes in Eudia)
Saturnia cidosa Moore, 1865
Saturnia cognata Jordan in Seitz, 1911
Saturnia koreanis Brechlin, 2009
Saturnia luctifera Jordan in Seitz, 1911
Saturnia mendocino Behrens, 1876 – Mendocino saturnia[3] (mostly in Calosaturnia)
Saturnia pavonia (Linnaeus, 1758) – small emperor moth (sometimes in Eudia)
Saturnia pavoniella (Scopoli, 1763) (sometimes in Eudia)
Saturnia pinratanai Lampe, 1989
Saturnia pyri (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) – giant emperor moth, Viennese emperor moth
Saturnia spini (Denis & Schiffermuller, 1775) – sloe emperor moth (sometimes in Eudia)
Saturnia taibaishanis Brechlin, 2009
Saturnia walterorum Hogue & Johnson, 1958 – Walter's saturnia[4] (mostly in Calosaturnia)
Saturnia zuleika Hope, 1843

Formerly placed here was the Brazilian Arsenura pandora. Whether the autumn emperor moth (Perisomena caecigena), here separated in a monotypic genus, is not actually better included in Saturnia needs to be determined; the same goes for the genus Neoris.
References
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Saturnia (Saturniidae).

Savela, Markku. "Saturnia Schrank, 1802". Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms. Retrieved November 15, 2018.
Paul A. Opler; Harry Pavulaan; Ray E. Stanford; Michael Pogue (coordinators) (2006). "White-streaked saturnia moth, Saturnia albofasciata (Johnson, 1938)". Butterflies and Moths of North America. Archived from the original on 2007-02-07..
Paul A. Opler; Harry Pavulaan; Ray E. Stanford; Michael Pogue (coordinators) (2006). "Mendocino saturnia moth, Saturnia mendocino Behrens, 1876". Butterflies and Moths of North America.

Paul A. Opler; Harry Pavulaan; Ray E. Stanford; Michael Pogue (coordinators) (2006). "Walters' saturnia moth Saturnia walterorum Hogue & Johnson, 1958". Butterflies and Moths of North America.

A. R. Pittaway (April 6, 2007). "Saturniidae of Europe".
Wolfgang A. Nässig (November 16, 2006). "Saturnia Homepage".

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