- Art Gallery -

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Panorpida
Cladus: Antliophora
Ordo: Diptera
Subordo: Nematocera
Infraordo: Bibionomorpha
Superfamilia: Sciaroidea
Familiae: Bolitophilidae - Cecidomyiidae - Diadocidiidae - Ditomyiidae - Keroplatidae - Lygistorrhinidae - Mycetophilidae - Rangomaramidae - Sciaridae - †Paraxymyiidae

Genera incertae sedis: AfrotrichaFreemanomyiaSciaropotaSciarosomaStarkomyia – ??Theriotricha

Name

Sciaroidea Billberg, 1820 [Sensu Matile, 1990]
References

Amorim, D.D.S.; Rindal, E. 2007: Phylogeny of the Mycetophiliformia, with proposal of the subfamilies Heterotrichinae, Ohakuneinae, and Chiletrichinae for the Rangomaramidae (Diptera, Bibionomorpha). Zootaxa, 1535: 1–92. Abstract & excerpt Fungus Gnats Online (PDF available)
Hippa, H.; Vilkamaa, P. 2006: Phylogeny of the Sciaroidea (Diptera): the implication of additional taxa and character data. Zootaxa, 1132: 63–68. Abstract & excerpt Fungus Gnats Online (PDF available)
Jaschhof, M. 2011: Phylogeny and classification of the Sciaroidea (Diptera: Bibionomorpha): where do we stand after Amorim & Rindal (2007)? Beiträge zur entomologie, 61(2): 455–463. abstract only seen

Vernacular names
English: Fungus Gnats
日本語: キノコバエ上科
中文: 黑翅蕈蚋总科

Sciaroidea is a superfamily in the infraorder Bibionomorpha. There are about 16 families and more than 15,000 described species in Sciaroidea. Most of its constituent families are various gnats.
Families

These 16 families belong to the superfamily Sciaroidea:[1][2]

Bolitophilidae Meigen, 1818
Cecidomyiidae Newman, 1835 – gall midges and wood midges, sometimes excluded from Sciaroidea
Diadocidiidae Winnertz, 1863
Ditomyiidae Kylin, 1919
Keroplatidae Róndani – predatory fungus gnats
Lygistorrhinidae Edwards, 1925 – long-beaked fungus gnats
Mycetophilidae Newman, 1834
Rangomaramidae Jaschhof and Didham, 2002 – long-winged fungus gnats[3]
Sciaridae Billberg, 1820 – dark-winged fungus gnats
† Antefungivoridae Rohdendorf, 1938
† Archizelmiridae Rohdendorf, 1962
† Eoditomyiidae
† Mesosciophilidae
† Paraxymyiidae Rohdendorf, 1946
† Pleciofungivoridae Rohdendorf, 1946
† Protopleciidae

References

Greenwalt, D.; Kjærandsen, J. (2019). "Fungus Gnats Online". Retrieved 2019-06-06.
"Sciaroidea superfamily Information". BugGuide.net. Retrieved 2019-06-06.
Jaschhof, M.; Didham, R. K. (2002). "Rangomaramidae fam. nov. from New Zealand and implications for the phylogeny of the Sciaroidea (Diptera: Bibionomorpha)". Studia Dipterologica Supplement. 11: 1–60.

Insects Images

Biology Encyclopedia

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/"
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

Home - Hellenica World