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Stenopterus rufus

Stenopterus rufus

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Coleopterida
Ordo: Coleoptera
Subordo: Polyphaga
Infraordo: Cucujiformia
Cladus: Phytophaga
Superfamilia: Chrysomeloidea

Familia: Cerambycidae
Subfamilia: Cerambycinae
Tribus: Stenopterini
Genus: Stenopterus
Species: Stenopterus rufus

Subspecies S. r. rufus – S. r. syriacus – S. r. transcaspicus
Name

Stenopterus rufus (Linnaeus, 1767)

Type locality: "Europa australi"

Synonyms

Necydalis rufa Linnaeus, 1767 (Original combination)
Leptura attenuata Geoffroy, 1785 (non Linnaeus, 1758)
Stenopterus rufus v. geniculatus Kraatz, 1863

References
Primary references

Linnaeus, C. 1767. Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio duodecima, reformata. Tomus 1 (Regnum Animale), Pars 2: 533–1327. Holmiæ [Stockholm]. Impensis Direct Laurentii Salvii. Biblioteca Digital BHL Reference page. : 642

Links

Tavakilian, G. & Chevillotte, H.: Stenopterus rufus. TITAN: Cerambycidae database. Reference page. Accessdate 2020-11-16
The tribe Stenopterini: Stenopterus rufus (L., 1767) - scanography by Szczepan Ziarko

Stenopterus rufus is a beetle species of round-necked longhorns belonging to the family Cerambycidae, subfamily Cerambycinae.

Subspecies and varietas

Subspecies and varietas include:[1]

Stenopterus rufus rufus (Linnaeus, 1767)

Stenopterus rufus rufus var. caubeti Podaný, 1957
Stenopterus rufus rufus var. cavalairensis Jurecek
Stenopterus rufus rufus var. geniculatus Kraatz, 1863
Stenopterus rufus rufus var. meridionalis Ragusa
Stenopterus rufus rufus var. nigricornis Depoli, 1926
Stenopterus rufus rufus var. nigrolineatus Plavilstshikov

Stenopterus rufus syriacus Pic, 1903
Stenopterus rufus transcaspicus Plavilstshikov, 1940

Description
Feeding on pollen

Stenopterus rufus can reach a length of 7–16 millimetres (0.28–0.63 in).[1][2] The body has a velvet-like hair. Elytra are very narrow. Antennae are about as long as the body and clearly segmented. The head and pronotum are black colored and the abdomen has a black background color horizontally crossed by yellow stripes. The first two segments of their antennae are black, the color of the following ones is variable but generally yellow with items III to V black at the apex, but sometimes items III to XI are entirely yellow or entirely black. Elytra are red with black base and apex. The legs are mainly red.
Biology

Larvae are polyphagous wood borers in dead branches of deciduous trees (Quercus, Castanea, Robinia, Juglans, Prunus, Salix, Pistacia, Corylus avellana, Ostrya carpinifolia, Paliurus spina-christi etc.).[1][2]

The adults can be encountered from May through August, completing their life cycle in two years. They are very common flower-visitors, especially Apiaceae species, Heracleum sphondylium and Ranunculus repens, feeding on pollen and the nectar.[3]
Distribution

This beetle is widespread in most of Europe, in Caucasus, Transcaucasia, Iran and in the Near East (Albania, Armenia, Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Corsica, Croatia, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Israel, Italy, Jordan, Luxembourg, Malta, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, Sardinia, Serbia, Sicily, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland, Syria, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine).[1][2][4]
Habitat

These beetles mainly inhabit meadows, hedge rows, beech forests and wet forests.[3]

References

"BioLib: Biological library". www.biolib.cz. {{cite web}}: |first= missing |last= (help)
Hoskovec, Michal. "Stenopterus rufus rufus". www.cerambyx.uochb.cz.
"Stenopterus rufus". www.commanster.eu.
"Fauna Europaea". www.faunaeur.org.

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