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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Coleopterida
Ordo: Coleoptera
Subordo: Polyphaga
Infraordo: Cucujiformia
Superfamilia: Tenebrionoidea

Familia: Trictenotomidae
Genera (2): AutocratesTrictenotoma

Pollock, D.A.; Telnov, D. 2010: 11.22. Trictenotomidae Blanchard, 1845. Pp. 704-708 in: Leschen, R.A.B.; Beutel, R.G.; Lawrence, J.F. (volume eds.) Coleoptera, beetles. Volume 2: Morphology and systematics (Elateroidea, Bostrichiformia, Cucujiformia partim). In: Kristensen, N.P. & Beutel, R.G. (eds.) Handbook of zoology. A natural history of the phyla of the animal kingdom. Volume IV. Arthropoda: Insecta. Part 38. Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter. ISBN 3110190753 ISBN 9783110190755
Lawrence, J.F. 1991: Trictenotomidae (Tenebrionoidea). P. 539 in: Lawrence, J.F. (coordinator) Order Coleoptera, in: Stehr, F.W. (ed.) Immature insects, 2. Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company, Iowa, USA.
I.Löbl & A.Smetana (eds). 2008 Catalogue of Palearctic Coleoptera. Vol. 5: Tenebrionoidea. Apollo Books, Stenstrup, Denmark
ISBN 87-88757-84-6, p. 413



The Trictenotomidae are a small family of beetles in the suborder Polyphaga containing fifteen species in two genera. Most species are found in the Oriental realm where they live in montane forest habitats. The family is considered, based on larval characters as well as sequence-based studies,[1] to be closely related to the Salpingidae.[2]
Trictenotoma grayi

Adult Trictenotomidae can be mistaken for Cerambycidae (Prioninae) or Lucanidae but their 5-5-4 tarsal formula makes them distinctive. They have a long 11-segmented antenna. There are no fossil species known as yet, and nearly all the species are found mainly along the Himalayas extending into China, Korea, the Sunda Islands, and the Philippine Archipelago.[3] Trictenotoma grayi is found in the Western Ghats of peninsular India while T. templetonii is found in Sri Lanka. Adult beetles are attracted to lights and specimens are found widely in collections around the world however very little was known of their life-history until the habits of Trictenotoma formosana were studied in captivity in Taiwan in 2019. Based on that species, these are thought to breed in wood, the eggs being laid under bark. The eggs hatch after about 10 days. The larvae are carnivorous and can be cannibalistic. They build tunnels in soft wood in which they stay. They feed on their exuviae and may undergo 8-9 moults over the course of one and a half years before they pupate. The pupae eclose in 40 to 46 days as adults. Adults feed on tree sap.[4]
Adult Autocrates aeneus and larva of Trictenotoma childreni

The scape of the antenna is longer than segments 2 and 3 together and the second segment isg rounded. The eight antennal segment is simple in Trictenotoma and has lateral projections in Autocrates. The terminal three antennal segments form a club.[5][6]

Genus Autocrates J. Thomson, 1860
Autocrates aeneus Parry, 1847
Autocrates maqueti Drumont, 2006
Autocrates obertheuri Vuillet, 1910
Autocrates ivanovi Drumont, 2016
Autocrates vitalisi Vuillet, 1912
Genus Trictenotoma Gray, 1832
Trictenotoma childreni Gray, 1832
Trictenotoma cindarella Kreische, 1921
Trictenotoma davidi Deyrolle, 1875
Trictenotoma formosana Kreische, 1920
Trictenotoma grayi Smith, 1851
Trictenotoma lansbergi Dohrn, 1882
Trictenotoma mniszechi Deyrolle, 1875
Trictenotoma mouhoti Deyrolle, 1875
Trictenotoma pollocki Telnov & Drumont, 2020[7]
Trictenotoma templetoni Westwood, 1848
Trictenotoma westwoodi Deyrolle, 1875


Kergoat, Gael J.; Soldati, Laurent; Clamens, Anne-Laure; Jourdan, Herve; Jabbour-Zahab, Roula; Genson, Gwenaelle; Bouchard, Patrice; Condamine, Fabien L. (2014). "Higher level molecular phylogeny of darkling beetles (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae): Darkling beetle phylogeny". Systematic Entomology. 39 (3): 486–499. doi:10.1111/syen.12065.
Hu, Fang-Shuo; Pollock, Darren A.; Telnov, Dmitry (2020). "Comparative morphology of immature Trictenotoma formosana Kriesche, 1919 and systematic position of the Trictenotomidae (Coleoptera, Tenebrionoidea)". European Journal of Taxonomy (640). doi:10.5852/ejt.2020.640.
Hu, Fang-Shuo; Pollock, Darren A.; Telnov, Dmitry (2020-05-05). "Comparative morphology of immature Trictenotoma formosana Kriesche, 1919 and systematic position of the Trictenotomidae (Coleoptera, Tenebrionoidea)". European Journal of Taxonomy (640). doi:10.5852/ejt.2020.640. ISSN 2118-9773.
Lin, Zong-Ru; Hu, Fang-Shuo (2019). "Unravel the Century-old Mystery of Trictenotomidae: Natural History and Rearing Technique for Trictenotoma formosana Kriesche, 1919(Coleoptera: Trictenotomidae)". Taiwanese Journal of Entomological Studies. 4 (1): 1–8.
Leschen, Richard A.B.; Beutel, Rolf G.; Lawrence, John F. (2011). Morphology and Systematics (Elateroidea, Bostrichiformia, Cucujiformia partim). Walter de Gruyter. p. 704.
Lin, Meiying; Yang, Xingke (2007). "The genus Autocrates THOMSON in China: occurrence and geographical distribution of species (Coleoptera: Trictenotomidae)" (PDF). Bulletin de l'Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, Entomologie. 77: 147–156.
Telnov, Dmitry; Drumont, Alain (2020). "Revisional Notes on Trictenotoma Gray, 1832 (Coleoptera: Trictenotomidae) in Indochina Bioregion, with Description of a New Species". Annales Zoologici. 70 (2): 205–227. doi:10.3161/00034541ANZ2020.70.2.003.

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