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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Panorpida
Cladus: Amphiesmenoptera
Ordo: Lepidoptera
Subordo: Glossata
Cladus: Coelolepida
Cladus: Myoglossata
Cladus: Neolepidoptera
Infraordo: Heteroneura
Cladus: Eulepidoptera
Cladus: Ditrysia
Cladus: Apoditrysia
Cladus: Obtectomera
Superfamilia: Papilionoidea

Familia: Nymphalidae
Subfamilia: Heliconiinae
Tribus: Vagrantini
Genus: Vindula
Species: V. arsinoe – V. boetonensis – V. dejone – V. erota

Vindula Hemming, 1934

Type species: Papilio arsinoe Cramer, 1777


Cruiser (Vindula arsinoe) taken in Cairns, Australia


Bozano, G.C., Lang, S-Y. & Lamas, G. 2019. A review of the article “A new genus and two new species of Lepidoptera Satyridae, Sphingidae from Yunnan China” by D.-Z. Dong et al. (2018). Zootaxa 4571(1): 137–137. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4571.1.9. Reference page.
Hemming, 1934, Entomologist 67 (4): 77
Bauer, Erich & Thomas Frankenbach, 2007, Butterflies of the World Part 27 Nymphalidae XIII Vindula

Vernacular names
English: Cruiser

Vindula, commonly called cruisers, is a genus of butterflies of the subfamily Heliconiinae in the family Nymphalidae found in southeast Asia and Australia. These butterflies are dimorphic.


Ordered alphabetically:[1]

Vindula arsinoe (Cramer, 1777) – cruiser
Vindula dejone (Erichson, 1834) – Malay cruiser, lesser cruiser[2]
Vindula erota (Fabricius, 1793) – common cruiser
Vindula sapor (Godman & Salvin, 1888)


"Vindula Hemming, 1934" at Markku Savela's Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms
Kirton, Laurence G. (2014). A Naturalist's Guide to the Butterflies of Peninsular Malayasia, Singapore and Thailand. Oxford: John Beaufoy Publ., p 77.

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