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Liocranidae

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Superphylum: Ecdysozoa
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Classis: Arachnida
Ordo: Araneae
Subordo: Araneomorphae
Infraordo: Araneomorphi
Series: Entelegynae
Sectio: Dionycha
Superfamilia: Corinnoidea
Familia: Liocranidae
Subfamiliae: Cybaeodinae - Liocraninae - Paratinae - incertae sedis

Genera overview: Arabelia - Agraecina - Agroeca - Andromma - Apostenus - Argistes - Brachyanillus - Coryssiphus - Cybaeodes - Donuea - Hesperocranum - Heterochemmis - Itatsina - Jacaena - Laudetia - Liocranoeca - Liocranum - Liparochrysis - Mesiotelus - Mesobria - Montebello - Neoanagraphis - Paratus - Plynnon - Rhaeboctesis - Sagana - Scotina - Sesieutes - Sphingius - Sudharmia - Teutamus

Name

Liocranidae Simon, 1897

References

* Bosselaers, J. 2009: Studies in Liocranidae (Araneae): redescriptions and transfers in Apostenus Westring and Brachyanillus Simon, as well as description of a new genus. Zootaxa, 2141: 37-55. Abstract & excerpt
* Platnick, N. I. 2009. The World Spider Catalog, version 9.5. American Museum of Natural History. [1]

Vernacular names
English: Liocranid sac spider
한국어: 밭고랑거미과
日本語: ウエムラグモ科

Liocranid sac spiders consist of about 160 species of wandering spiders in 30 or so genera. The best known are those in the Holarctic genus Agroeca. Various genera of rather obscure spiders are included in the family, which still lacks a diagnosis. Two species in the North American genus Neoanagraphis are found in often hyperarid conditions in the Mojave, Sonoran and Chihuahuan Deserts. The females apparently live in animal burrows and the males wander and are often caught in pitfall traps.

Genera

The categorization into subfamilies follows Joel Hallan's Biology Catalog.

* Cybaeodinae

* Cybaeodes Simon, 1878 (Mediterranean)
* Donuea Strand, 1932 (Madagascar)
* Hesperocranum Ubick & Platnick, 1991 (USA)
* Heterochemmis F. O. P-Cambridge, 1900 (Mexico)
* Itatsina Kishida, 1930 (China, Korea, Japan)
* Jacaena Thorell, 1897 (Myanmar, Thailand)
* Laudetia Gertsch, 1941 (Dominica)

* Liocraninae Simon, 1897

* Apostenus Westring, 1851 (Africa, Europe, North America)
* Argistes Simon, 1897 (Namibia, Sri Lanka)
* Coryssiphus Simon, 1903 (South Africa)
* Liocranoeca Wunderlich, 1999 (USA, Europe, Russia)
* Liocranum L. Koch, 1866 (Cuba, Europe to Georgia, Mediterranean, New Guinea)
* Liparochrysis Simon, 1909 (Australia)
* Mesiotelus Simon, 1897 (Mediterranean, Central Asia, Africa)
* Mesobria Simon, 1897 (St. Vincent)
* Montebello Hogg, 1914 (Australia)
* Neoanagraphis Gertsch & Mulaik, 1936 (USA, Mexico)
* Paratus Simon, 1898 (Sri Lanka)
* Plynnon Deeleman-Reinhold, 2001 (Borneo, Sumatra)
* Rhaeboctesis Simon, 1897 (Africa)
* Sagana Thorell, 1875 (Europe to Georgia)
* Scotina Menge, 1873 (Europe, Algeria, Russia, Malta)
* Sesieutes Simon, 1897 (southern Asia)
* Sphingius Thorell, 1890 (southern Asia)
* Sudharmia Deeleman-Reinhold, 2001 (Sumatra)
* Teutamus Thorell, 1890 (southern Asia)

* incertae sedis

* Agraecina Simon, 1932 (Western Mediterranean, Romania, Canary Islands)
* Agroeca Westring, 1861 (Holarctic)
* Andromma Simon, 1893 (Africa)
* Brachyanillus Simon, 1913 (Spain, Algeria)

References

* Platnick, Norman I. (2008): The world spider catalog, version 8.5. American Museum of Natural History.

Biology Encyclopedia

Images

Source: Wikipedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License