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Zorocratidae

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Superphylum: Ecdysozoa
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Classis: Arachnida
Ordo: Araneae
Subordo: Araneomorphae
Infraordo: Araneomorphi
Series: Entelegynae
Superfamilia: Lycosoidea
Familia: Zorocratidae
Genera: Campostichomma - Raecius - Uduba - Zorocrates - Zorodictyna


Name

Zorocratidae Dahl, 1913

Vernacular Names

Zorocratid spiders are uncommon, somewhat wolf spider-like, wandering spiders. The eye arrangement is not like that of wolf spiders as the posterior eyes are not enlarged and the eyes are in two rows. Little is known of their biology, but they include about 20 species in 5 genera found primarily in Africa, Madagascar, and North America. The North American species all belong to the genus Zorocrates. The genus Uduba is known only from Madagascar. The odd distribution seems to indicate a connection with continental drift and the family was apparently broken up with the final separation of Africa and the Americas.

Twenty new Zorocrates species were described from Mexico and Texas in 2007 (Platnick & Ubick, 2007).

Genera

Campostichomma Karsch, 1891 — Sri Lanka (1 species)
Raecius Simon, 1892 — Africa (6 species)
Uduba Simon, 1880 — Madagascar (2 species)
Zorocrates Simon, 1888 — U.S. to Panama (30 species)
Zorodictyna Strand, 1907 — Madagascar (2 species)

References

Platnick, N.I. & Ubick, D. (2007). A revision of the spider genus Zorocrates Simon (Araneae, Zorocratidae). American Museum novitates 3579. PDF (11Mb)

Biology Encyclopedia

Images

Source: Wikipedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License