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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Phylum: Bryozoa
Classis: Gymnolaemata
Ordo: Cheilostomata
Subordo: Flustrina
Superfamiliae (15): BuguloideaCalloporoideaCellarioideaCelleporoideaConescharellinoidea – Didymoselloidea – Euthyriselloidea – Flustroidea – Lunulitoidea – Mamilloporoidea – Microporoidea – Monoporelloidea – Schizoporelloidea – Siphonicytaroidea – Urceoliporoidea
Familiae incertae sedis (1 + †3): Bicorniferidae – †Coscinopleuridae – †Fusicellariidae – †Skyloniidae

Name

Flustrina Smitt, 1868
References

Reverter-Gil, O.; Souto, J.; Fernández-Pulpeiro, E. 2011: Revision of the genus Crepis Jullien (Bryozoa: Cheilostomata) with description of a new genus and family and notes on Chlidoniidae. Zootaxa, 2993: 1–22. Preview

Links

Flustrina in the World Register of Marine Species

Flustrina is a suborder under the order Cheilostomatida of gymnolaematan Bryozoa (sea mats).

The structure of the individual zooids is generally simple, a box-like chamber of calcium carbonate, the polypides reaching out through an uncalcified flexible frontal wall, often surrounded by numerous spines. Like in other gymnolaematans, their lophophore is protruded by muscles that pull on the frontal wall of the zooid.

In some treatments, the Flustrina are restricted to the superfamilies Calloporoidea and Flustroidea and ranked as infraorder alongside the Cellulariomorpha which contain the other three superfamilies. What here is considered the Fulstrina is then called the infraorder Neocheilostomina, and in a more radical variant also includes the Ascophora as another infraorder.[1]

The obsolete sub-order Anasca previously included the members of this sub-order before being deprecated.[2]

The families Fusicellariidae, Skyloniidae, Bicorniferidae, as well as the genera Hoeverella and Taeniocellaria are currently incertae sedis within the Flustrina.
Systematics

The superfamilies and families (and notable genera) are listed in the presumed phylogenetic sequence:[3]

Basal or incertae sedis
Genus Hoeverella
Genus Taeniocellaria
Family Calescharidae (Microporoidea?)
Family Coscinopleuridae (Calloporoidea or Microporoidea)
Family Fusicellariidae
Family Skyloniidae
Family Bicorniferidae
Superfamily Calloporoidea Norman, 1903
Family Calloporidae
Family Antroporidae
Family Doryporellidae
Family Chaperiidae
Family Hiantoporidae
Family Foveolariidae
Family Quadricellariidae
Family Bryopastoridae
Family Vinculariidae
Family Farciminariidae
Family Tendridae
Family Heliodomidae
Family Cupuladriidae
Superfamily Flustroidea Fleming, 1828
Family Flustridae
Superfamily Buguloidea Gray, 1848
Family Bugulidae
Family Rhabdozoidae
Family Beaniidae
Family Epistomiidae
Family Euoplozoidae
Family Candidae (= Cabereidae, Scrupocellariidae)
Family Jubellidae (disputed)

Superfamily Microporoidea Gray, 1848
Family Microporidae
Family Poricellariidae
Family Setosellidae
Family Selenariidae
Family Otionellidae
Family Lunulitidae
Family Lunulariidae
Family Onychocellidae
Family Aspidostomatidae
Family Steginoporellidae
Family Thalamoporellidae
Family Alysidiidae
Family Chlidoniidae
Family Monoporellidae
Family Macroporidae
Superfamily Cellarioidea Lamouroux, 1821
Family Cellariidae
Family Membranicellariidae

See also

Cauloramphus disjunctus
Flustra foliacea

References
Wikispecies has information related to Flustrina.

BryoZone (2004): Taxa Hierarchy
"WoRMS - World Register of Marine Species - Anasca". www.marinespecies.org. Retrieved 2017-03-10.
Phil Bock (January 15, 2009). "Systematic list of families of Bryozoa". Retrieved March 21, 2009.

Biology Encyclopedia

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