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Anaxyrus fowleri

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Amphibia
Subclassis: Lissamphibia
Ordo: Anura
Subordo: Neobatrachia
Familia: Bufonidae
Genus: Anaxyrus
Species: Anaxyrus fowleri


Anaxyrus fowleri (Hinckley, 1882)

Type locality: "Milton, (Norfolk County,) Mass(achusetts).", USA.

Holotype: MCZ 518 (4 specimens).


The recognition of Anaxyrus as a genus distinct from Bufo is highly controversial, and has not been accepted by many herpetologists working with this group. For a complete phylogeny of the species in this group and their relationships as a subgroup within Bufo, see Pauly et al. (2004).


* Bufo lentiginosus var. fowlerii — Putnam in Cope, 1875
* Bufo fowleri Hinckley, 1882
* Bufo woodhousii fowleri — Smith, 1934
* Bufo compactilis fowleri — Linsdale, 1940
* Bufo woodhousii velatus Bragg & Sanders, 1951
* Bufo velatus — Sanders, 1986
* Bufo hobarti Sanders, 1987


* Hinckley, 1882, Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 21: 310.
* Pauly, G. B., D. M. Hillis, and D. C, Cannatella. (2004) The history of a Nearctic colonization: Molecular phylogenetics and biogeography of the Nearctic toads (Bufo). Evolution 58: 2517–2535.
* Frost, Darrel R. 2007. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 5.1 (10 October, 2007). Electronic Database accessible at [1] American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA. Anaxyrus fowleri . Accessed on 26 Mar 2008.
* World Conservation Monitoring Centre IUCN link: Anaxyrus fowleri (Not Evaluated)

Vernacular names
English: Fowler's Toad

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Source: Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License