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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Amphibia
Subclassis: Lissamphibia
Ordo: Anura

Familia: Hylidae
Subfamilia: Hylinae
Genus: Charadrahyla
Species: – C. tecuani – C. truxC. altipotens - C. chaneque - C. nephila - C. taeniopus

Name

Charadrahyla Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell & Wheeler, 2005

Type species: Hyla taeniopus Günther, 1901
References

Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 99.
Amphibian Species of the World 5.1 Charadrahyla access date 18 Apr. 2008

Charadrahyla is a genus of frogs in the family Hylidae.[2][3] It is endemic to tropical southern Mexico.[2] The generic name was derived from Greek charadra ("ravine") and Hyla, in reference to the habits of these frogs.[1] Accordingly, common name ravine treefrogs has been coined for the genus.[2]

Taxonomy and systematics

This genus was erected in 2005 following a major revision of the Hylidae.[1] It corresponds to the former Hyla taeniopus group as defined by William E. Duellman [fr] in 1970.[2][1] The genus was originally diagnosed using molecular markers; no morphological synapomorphies supporting the new genus could be identified.[1] The sister taxon of Charadrahyla is Megastomatohyla.[4]

Five of the species in this genus were previously placed in the genus Hyla.[1] Two species were later described as new in this genus,[2] and another two were transferred from Exerodonta in 2018 based on molecular data.[4]
Description

Charadrahyla are relatively large, stream-breeding frogs from cloud forests and humid pine-oak forests of central and southern Mexico.[5] In the majority of species males measure 44–81 mm (1.7–3.2 in) and females 60–81 mm (2.4–3.2 in) in snout–vent length, but the former Exerodonta species, Charadrahyla juanitae and Charadrahyla pinorum, are much smaller, with males measuring 28–36 mm (1.1–1.4 in) and females 35–40 mm (1.4–1.6 in).[4] Most species have a brownish dorsum with large blotches (exception is Charadrahyla altipotens).[5]
Species

As of 2019, there are ten recognized species:[2][3][6]

Charadrahyla altipotens (Duellman, 1968)[7] — yellowbelly voiceless tree frog
Charadrahyla chaneque (Duellman, 1961) — fairy tree frog
Charadrahyla esperancensis Canseco-Márquez, Ramírez-González, and González-Bernal, 2017
Charadrahyla juanitae (Snyder, 1972)
Charadrahyla nephila (Mendelson and Campbell, 1999)[8]
Charadrahyla pinorum (Taylor, 1937)
Charadrahyla sakbah Jiménez-Arcos, Calzada-Arciniega, Alfaro-Juantorena, Vázquez-Reyes, Blair & Parra-Olea, 2019
Charadrahyla taeniopus (Günther, 1901)[9] — porthole tree frog
Charadrahyla tecuani Campbell, Blancas-Hernández, and Smith, 2009[5]
Charadrahyla trux (Adler and Dennis, 1972)[10] — spine-fingered tree frog

References

Faivovich, Julián; Haddad, Célio F.B.; Garcia, Paulo C.A.; Frost, Darrel R.; Campbell, Jonathan A. & Wheeler, Ward C. (2005). "Systematic review of the frog family Hylidae, with special reference to Hylinae: phylogenetic analysis and taxonomic revision". Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History. 294: 1–240. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.470.2967. doi:10.1206/0003-0090(2005)294[0001:SROTFF]2.0.CO;2. hdl:2246/462.
Frost, Darrel R. (2020). "Charadrahyla Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.1. American Museum of Natural History. doi:10.5531/db.vz.0001. Retrieved 23 December 2020.
"Hylidae". AmphibiaWeb. University of California, Berkeley. 2020. Retrieved 23 December 2020.
Faivovich, Julián; Pereyra, Martín O.; Luna, María Celeste; Hertz, Andreas; Blotto, Boris L.; Vásquez-Almazán, Carlos R.; McCranie, James R.; Sánchez, David A. & Baêta, Délio (2018). "On the monophyly and relationships of several genera of Hylini (Anura: Hylidae: Hylinae), with comments on recent taxonomic changes in hylids". South American Journal of Herpetology. 13 (1): 1–32. doi:10.2994/sajh-d-17-00115.1. hdl:11336/94370. S2CID 90074090.
Campbell, Jonathan A.; Blancas-Hernández, J. Cristian & Smith, Eric N. (2009). "A new species of stream-breeding treefrog of the genus Charadrahyla (Hylidae) from the Sierra Madre del Sur of Guerrero, Mexico". Copeia. 2009 (2): 287–295. doi:10.1643/ch-08-143. JSTOR 25512227. S2CID 85084950.
"A New Species of Charadrahyla (Anura: Hylidae) from the Cloud Forest of western Oaxaca, Mexico". Novataxa. Retrieved 11 February 2019.
Duellman, William E. (1968). "Descriptions of new hylid frogs from Mexico and Central America". University of Kansas Publications, Museum of Natural History. 17: 559–578. doi:10.5962/bhl.part.7138.
Mendelson III, Joseph R. & Campbell, Jonathan A. (1999). "The taxonomic status of populations referred to Hyla chaneque in southern Mexico, with the description of a new treefrog from Oaxaca". Journal of Herpetology. 33 (1): 80–86. doi:10.2307/1565545. JSTOR 1565545.
Günther, Albert C. L. G. (1901). "Hyla tæniopus, sp. n.". Reptilia and Bactrachia. Biologia Centrali-Americana. pp. 269–270.
Adler, Kraig & Dennis, David M. (1972). "New tree frogs of the genus Hyla from the cloud forests of western Guerrero, México". Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural History, University of Kansas. 7: 1–8.

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