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Hylarana malabarica

Hylarana malabarica (*)

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Amphibia
Subclassis: Lissamphibia
Ordo: Anura
Subordo: Neobatrachia
Familia: Ranidae
Genus: Hylarana
Species: Hylarana malabarica


Hylarana malabarica (Tschudi, 1838)

Type locality: "Malabar", India.

Holotype: MNHN P 771, 4439, and 4440 (6 specimens).


* Rana malabarica Tschudi, 1838
* Hylarana malabarica — Günther, 1859
* Hydrophylax malabaricus — Fitzinger, 1861
* Hylorana malabarica — Günther, 1864
* Rana malabarica — Boulenger, 1882
* Rana (Rana) malabarica — Boulenger, 1920
* Rana (Hydrophylax) malabarica — Dubois, 1992
* Hydrophylax malabarica — Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green & Wheeler, 2006
* Hylarana malabarica — Che, Pang, Zhao, Wu, Zhao & Zhang, 2007


* Tschudi, 1838, Classif. Batr.: 40, 80.
* Che, Pang, Zhao, Wu, Zhao, and Zhang, 2007, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 42: 1-13.
* Frost, Darrel R. 2007. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 5.1 (10 October, 2007). Electronic Database accessible at [1] American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA. Hylarana malabarica . Accessed on 29 June 2008.
* 2007 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species IUCN link: Hylarana malabarica (Least Concern) Downloaded on 29 June 2008. (as Rana malabarica)

Vernacular names
English: Fungoid Frog


The Fungoid Frog (Hylarana malabarica) is a colourful frog found on the forest floor and lower vegetation in the Western Ghats in south-western India. Although restricted in range, they are of least conservation concern.[1] Their upperparts vary in colour from brownish-red to bright crimson.


Vomerine teeth in two oval oblique groups between the choanae. Head moderate, depressed; snout moderate, hardly as long as the diameter of the orbit, subacuminate, moderately prominent; loreal region concave; nostril nearer to the end of the snout than to the eye; interorbital space rather narrower than the upper eyelid; tympanum very distinct, nearly as large as the eye. fingers moderate, first extending beyond second; toes rather short, half webbed : tips of fingers and toes swollen; subarticular tubercles very strong; inner metatarsal tubercle oval, blunt; a large rounded tubercle at the base of the fourth toe; no tarsal fold. The tibio-tarsal articulation reaches the tympanum or the eye. Skin finely granulate above; a broad, not very prominent glandular lateral fold; a strong glandular fold from below the eye to the shoulder, followed by one or two glandules. Head and body bright crimson above, blackish brown on the sides; back sometimes with a few small black spots; upper lip, and a series of spots on the flank, white ; limbs blackish brown above, spotted and marbled with pale brown and while; beneath uniform white, or marbled brown and white.[2]


1. ^ Biju et al. (2004). Rana malabarica. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. Retrieved on 12 May 2006. Database entry includes a range map and justification for why this species is of least concern
2. ^ Boulenger, G. A. (1890) The Fauna Of British India: Reptilia and Batrachia

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Source: Wikipedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License