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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Cladus: Sarcopterygii
Cladus: Rhipidistia
Cladus: Tetrapodomorpha
Cladus: Eotetrapodiformes
Cladus: Elpistostegalia
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Amphibia
Subclassis: Lissamphibia
Ordo: Anura

Familia: Pyxicephalidae

Subfamiliae: Cacosterninae - Pyxicephalinae
Name

Pyxicephalidae Bonaparte, 1850

Type genus: Pyxicephalus Tschudi, 1838
Synonyms

Pyxicephalina Bonaparte, 1850
Phrynopsinae Noble, 1931
Cacosterninae Noble, 1931
Tomopternini Dubois, 1987
Pyxicephalini — Dubois, 1987
Pyxicephalinae — Dubois, 1992
Tomopterninae — Dubois, 1992
Strongylopinae Scott, 2005
Pyxicephalinae — Frost (et al.), 2006

References

Bonaparte, 1850, Conspect. Syst. Herpetol. Amph.: 1 p.
Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green & Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 240
Amphibian Species of the World 5.1 Pyxicephalidae access date 27 June 2008

Note:

Formerly part of the familia Ranidae.
Vernacular names
English: Dainty Frogs; African Bullfrogs
日本語: アフリカウシガエル科

The Pyxicephalidae are a family of frogs currently found in sub-Saharan Africa.[1][2] However, in the Eocene, the taxon Thaumastosaurus lived in Europe.[3]
Classification

The Pyxicephalidae contain two subfamilies, with a total of 12 genera.[1][2] This family was formerly considered part of the family Ranidae.[1]

Family Pyxicephalidae

Subfamily Cacosterninae[4]
Genus Amietia (16 species)
Genus Anhydrophryne (3 species)
Genus Arthroleptella (10 species) – moss frogs
Genus Cacosternum (16 species)
Genus Microbatrachella (monotypic) – micro frog
Genus Natalobatrachus (monotypic)
Genus Nothophryne (5 species) – mongrel frogs
Genus Poyntonia (monotypic)
Genus Strongylopus (10 species)
Genus Tomopterna (16 species)
Subfamily Pyxicephalinae[5]
Genus Aubria (2 species) – Masako fishing frog, brown ball frog
Genus Pyxicephalus (4 species) – African bull frogs, pixie frog
Genus Thaumastosaurus (3 species) – European, Eocene taxon (extinct)

References

Frost, Darrel R. (2014). "Pyxicephalidae Bonaparte, 1850". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 3 May 2014.
"Pyxicephalidae". AmphibiaWeb: Information on amphibian biology and conservation. [web application]. Berkeley, California: AmphibiaWeb. 2014. Retrieved 3 May 2014.
Lemierre, Alfred; Folie, Annelise; Bailon, Salvador; Robin, Ninon; Laurin, Michel (4 May 2021). "From toad to frog, a CT-based reconsideration of Bufo servatus, an Eocene anuran mummy from Quercy (France)". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 41 (3): e1989694. doi:10.1080/02724634.2021.1989694. ISSN 0272-4634.
Frost, Darrel R. (2014). "Cacosterninae Noble, 1931". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 3 May 2014.
Frost, Darrel R. (2014). "Pyxicephalinae Bonaparte, 1850". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 3 May 2014.

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