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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Cladus: Sarcopterygii
Cladus: Rhipidistia
Cladus: Tetrapodomorpha
Cladus: Eotetrapodiformes
Cladus: Elpistostegalia
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Cladus: Avemetatarsalia
Cladus: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauriformes
Cladus: Dracohors
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Eusaurischia
Cladus: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Cladus: Averostra
Cladus: Tetanurae
Cladus: Avetheropoda
Cladus: Coelurosauria
Cladus: Tyrannoraptora
Cladus: Maniraptoromorpha
Cladus: Maniraptoriformes
Cladus: Maniraptora
Cladus: Pennaraptora
Cladus: Paraves
Cladus: Eumaniraptora
Cladus: Avialae
Infraclassis: Aves
Cladus: Euavialae
Cladus: Avebrevicauda
Cladus: Pygostylia
Cladus: Ornithothoraces
Cladus: Euornithes
Cladus: Ornithuromorpha
Cladus: Ornithurae
Cladus: Carinatae
Parvclassis: Neornithes
Cohors: Neognathae
Cladus: Neoaves
Ordo: Accipitriformes

Familia: Accipitridae
Genus: Accipiter
Species: A. albogularis - A. badius - A. bicolor - A. brachyurus - A. brevipes - A. butleri - A. castanilius - A. chilensis - A. chionogaster - A. cirrocephalus - A. collaris - A. cooperii - A. erythrauchen - A. erythronemius - A. erythropus - A. fasciatus - A. francesiae - A. gentilis - A. griseiceps - A. gularis - A. gundlachi - A. haplochrous - A. henicogrammus - A. henstii -A. hiogaster - A. imitator - A. luteoschistaceus - A. madagascariensis - A. melanochlamys - A. melanoleucus - A. meyerianus - A. minullus - A. nanus - A. nisus - A. novaehollandiae - A. ovampensis - A. poliocephalus - A. poliogaster - A. princeps - A. rhodogaster - A. rufitorques - A. rufiventris - A. soloensis - A. striatus - A. superciliosus - A. tachiro - A. toussenelii - A. trinotatus - A. trivirgatus - A. ventralis - A. virgatus

Name

Accipiter Brisson, 1760
Typus

Falco nisus Linnaeus, 1758 = Accipiter nisus

References

Brisson, M.J. 1760. Ornithologie ou méthode contenant la division des oiseaux en ordres, sections, genres, especes & leurs variétés. A laquelle on a joint une description exacte de chaque espece, avec les citations des auteurs qui en ont traité, les noms qu'ils leur ont donnés, ceux que leur ont donnés les différentes nations, & les noms vulgaires. Ouvrage enrichi de figures en taille-douce. Tome I. - pp. j-xxiv [= 1-24], 1-526, j-lxxiij [= 1-73], Pl. I-XXXVII [= 1-37]. Paris. (Bauche). Original description p.28 BHL Reference page. p.310 BHL

Vernacular names
беларуская: Ястрабы
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Ꙗстрѧбъ
English: Hawk
suomi: Lintuhaukat
македонски: Јастреб
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ଶ୍ୟେନ
ไทย: เหยี่ยวนกเขา

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The genus Accipiter is a group of birds of prey in the family Accipitridae, many of which are named as goshawks and sparrowhawks. They can be anatomically distinguished from their relatives by the lack of a procoracoid foramen. Two small and aberrant species usually placed here do possess a large procoracoid foramen and are also distinct as regards DNA sequence. They may warrant separation in the old genus Hieraspiza.[1]

These birds are slender with short broad rounded wings and a long tail which helps them manoeuvre in flight. They have long legs and long sharp talons used to kill their prey, and a sharp hooked bill used in feeding. Females tend to be larger than males. They often ambush their prey, mainly small birds and mammals, capturing it after a short chase. The typical flight pattern is a series of flaps followed by a short glide. They are commonly found in wooded or shrubby areas.

Species in taxonomic order

* Northern Goshawk, Accipiter gentilis
* Eurasian Sparrowhawk, Accipiter nisus
* Grey-bellied Goshawk, Accipiter poliogaster
* Crested Goshawk, Accipiter trivirgatus
* Sulawesi Goshawk, Accipiter griseiceps
* Red-chested Goshawk, Accipiter toussenelii
* African Goshawk, Accipiter tachiro
* Chinese Goshawk, Accipiter soloensis
* Frances's Sparrowhawk, Accipiter francesiae
o Anjouan Island Sparrowhawk, Accipiter francesiae pusillus
* Spot-tailed Goshawk, Accipiter trinotatus
* Grey Goshawk, Accipiter novaehollandiae
* Brown Goshawk, Accipiter fasciatus
o Christmas Island Goshawk, Accipiter (fasciatus) natalis
* Black-mantled Goshawk, Accipiter melanochlamys
* Pied Goshawk, Accipiter albogularis
* Fiji Goshawk, Accipiter rufitorques
* White-bellied Goshawk, Accipiter haplochrous
* Moluccan Goshawk, Accipiter henicogrammus
* Grey-headed Goshawk, Accipiter poliocephalus
* New Britain Goshawk, Accipiter princeps
* Black Goshawk, Accipiter melanoleucus
* Henst's Goshawk, Accipiter henstii
* Meyer's Goshawk, Accipiter meyerianus
* Chestnut-flanked Sparrowhawk, Accipiter castanilius

Shikra (A. badius) with a garden lizard (Calotes sp.) in Hyderabad, India
Brown Goshawk (A. fasciatus), Kurwongbah (Queensland, Australia)

* Nicobar Sparrowhawk, Accipiter butleri
* Levant Sparrowhawk, Accipiter brevipes
* Slaty-mantled Sparrowhawk, Accipiter luteoschistaceus
* Imitator Sparrowhawk, Accipiter imitator
* Red-thighed Sparrowhawk, Accipiter erythropus
* Little Sparrowhawk, Accipiter minullus
* Japanese Sparrowhawk, Accipiter gularis
* Small Sparrowhawk, Accipiter nanus
* Rufous-necked Sparrowhawk, Accipiter erythrauchen
* Collared Sparrowhawk, Accipiter cirrocephalus
* New Britain Sparrowhawk, Accipiter brachyurus
* Vinous-breasted Sparrowhawk, Accipiter rhodogaster
* Madagascar Sparrowhawk, Accipiter madagascariensis
* Ovampo Sparrowhawk, Accipiter ovampensis
* Rufous-chested Sparrowhawk, Accipiter rufiventris
* Shikra, Accipiter badius
* Tiny Hawk, Accipiter superciliosus – may belong in Hieraspiza
* Semicollared Hawk, Accipiter collaris – may belong in Hieraspiza
* Sharp-shinned Hawk, Accipiter striatus
* White-breasted Hawk, Accipiter chionogaster
* Plain-breasted Hawk, Accipiter ventralis
* Rufous-thighed Hawk, Accipiter erythronemius
* Cooper's Hawk, Accipiter cooperii
* Gundlach's Hawk, Accipiter gundlachi
* Bicoloured Hawk, Accipiter bicolor
o Chilean Hawk, Accipiter (bicolor) chilensis
* Besra, Accipiter virgatus

An Accipiter was seen on 12 March 1994 south of the summit of Camiguin in the Philippines, where the genus was not known to occur. It may have been an undescribed taxon, but more likely it was not; it could simply have been a vagrant of a known species.[2]

Footnotes

1. ^ Olson (2006)
2. ^ Balete et al. (2006), Heaney & Tabaranza (2006)


References

* Balete, Danilo S.; Tabaranza, Blas R. Jr. & Heaney, Lawrence R. (2006): An Annotated Checklist of the Birds of Camiguin Island, Philippines. Fieldiana Zool. New Series 106: 58–72. DOI:10.3158/0015-0754(2006)106[58:AACOTB]2.0.CO;2 HTML abstract
* Heaney, Lawrence R. & Tabaranza, Blas R. Jr. (2006): Mammal and Land Bird Studies on Camiguin Island, Philippines: Background and Conservation Priorities. Fieldiana Zool. New Series 106: 1-13. DOI:10.3158/0015-0754(2006)106[1:MALBSO]2.0.CO;2 HTML abstract
* Olson, Storrs L. (2006): Reflections on the systematics of Accipiter and the genus for Falco superciliosus Linnaeus. Bull. B.O.C. 126: 69-70. PDF fulltext

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